Investigation of rooting and growth characteristics of poplar clones in hydroponic and soil cultures

https://doi.org/10.17221/1/2018-JFSCitation:Ahmadloo F., Calagari M., Salehi A., Goodarzi G.R. (2018): Investigation of rooting and growth characteristics of poplar clones in hydroponic and soil cultures. J. For. Sci., 64: 207-215.
download PDF

In this study, rooting and growth characteristics of different poplar clones from six species including Populus deltoides Bartram ex Marshall clone Lux, Populus nigra subsp. betulifolia (Pursh) W. Wettstein clone 17/13, Populus euramericana (Dode) Guinier clone 561/41, P. deltoides clone Samsun, Populus alba Linnaeus clone 49/9, Populus caspica (Bornmüller) Bornmüller, and Populus euphratica Olivier in hydroponic and soil cultures have been evaluated. In hydroponic culture, poplar cuttings were grown in plastic tanks and in soil culture, poplar cuttings were planted into plastic pots with 12 replications for each clone. The pot experiment was a Complete Randomized Design. Root length, stem diameter, stem height, and root and shoot dry matter of poplar plants were studied in hydroponic culture after 84 days and in soil culture three times at 6, 12, 18 weeks in 2017. In hydroponic culture, the cuttings of P. deltoides Lux and P. nigra betulifolia 17/13, and of P. deltoides Samsun and P. euphratica were among the first and last clones that rooted, respectively. Also, the lowest rate of rooting was observed in P. deltoides Samsun and P. euphratica clones. The highest values of all parameters except root length were obtained in P. euphratica. The highest root length and stem diameter were observed in clones of P. deltoides Lux, P. nigra betulifolia 17/13, P. euramericana 561/41, and P. deltoides Samsun. In soil culture, P. deltoides Lux, P. nigra betulifolia 17/13, and P. alba 49/9 showed the highest percentage of rooting compared to the other clones at the first measurement. All the clones except the clone of P. euphratica reached above 40 cm root length in each of the three measurement periods. The highest stem diameter, stem height, and shoot dry matter were obtained in clone of P. deltoides Lux and root dry matter in clone of P. alba 49/9.

References:
Amin Amlashi M., Salehi M. (2011): Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of seedlings of 10 top poplar clones at the nursery in Guilan province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 19: 268–278.
 
Asadi F., Ghassemi R. (2007): Evaluation of rooting success in poplar clones cuttings using different treatments. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 15: 134–143.
 
Asadi F., Mirzaie-Nodoushan H. (2011): Evaluation of different treatments in sexual reproduction of Populus caspica Bornm. for broadening its genetic basis in the nature. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 19: 441–452.
 
Bartolini G., Toponi M.A., Santini L. (1986): Endogenous GA-like substances in dipping waters of cuttings of two Vitis rootstocks. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 37: 1–6.
 
Bloomberg W. J. (1959): ROOT FORMATION OF BLACK COTTONWOOD CUTTINGS IN RELATION TO REGION OF PARENT SHOOT. The Forestry Chronicle, 35, 13-18  https://doi.org/10.5558/tfc35013-1
 
Dhillon G.P.S., Singh A., Sidhu D.S. (2010): Performance of poplar (Populus deltoides Bartr.) clones under semi-arid conditions of Punjab. Indian Journal of Forestry, 33: 309–311.
 
Douglas Grant B., McIvor Ian R., Lloyd-West Catherine M. (2016): Early root development of field-grown poplar: effects of planting material and genotype. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science, 46, -  https://doi.org/10.1186/s40490-015-0057-4
 
Dykeman B. (1976): Temperature relationship in root initiation and development of cuttings. Proceedings of the International Plant Propagator’s Society, 26: 201–207.
 
Ghassemi R., Jalili A., Modir Rahmati A.R., Akbarinia M. (2003): Investigation on growth characteristics of 24 different poplar clones in nursery stages. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 11: 133–196.
 
Goodarzi G.R., Modir Rahmati A.R. (2002): An investigation on one-year old seedlings of different poplar clones at selection nurseries of Markazi province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 9: 37–82.
 
Haissig B.E., Riemenschneider D.E. (1988): Genetic effects on adventitious rooting. In: Davis T.M., Haissig B.E., Sankhla N. (eds): Adventitious Root Formation in Cuttings. Portland, Dioscorides Press: 47–60.
 
Haissig Bruce E., Davis Tim D., Riemenschneider Don E. (1992): Researching the controls of adventitious rooting. Physiologia Plantarum, 84, 310-317  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1992.tb04669.x
 
Hansen Edward A., Tolsted David N. (1981): Effect of cutting diameter and stem or branch position on establishment of a difficult-to-root clone of a Populusalba hybrid. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 11, 723-727  https://doi.org/10.1139/x81-101
 
Harvey H. P., van den Driessche R. (1999): Nitrogen and potassium effects on xylem cavitation and water-use efficiency in poplars. Tree Physiology, 19, 943-950  https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/19.14.943
 
Heilman P. E., Ekuan G., Fogle D. B. (1994): First-order root development from cuttings of Populus trichocarpa x P. deltoides hybrids. Tree Physiology, 14, 911-920  https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/14.7-8-9.911
 
Isik F., Toplu F. (2004): Variation in juvenile traits of natural black poplar (Populus nigra L.) clones in Turkey. New Forests, 27: 175–187. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025071515826
 
Johnson J.M.F., Coleman M.D., Gesch R., Jaradat A., Mitchell R., Reicosky D., Wilhelm W.W. (2007): Biomass-bioenergy crops in the United States: A changing paradigm. The Americas Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology, 1: 1–28.
 
Karim S Abdul, Hawkins B J (1999): Variation in response to nutrition in a three-generation pedigree of Populus. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 29, 1743-1750  https://doi.org/10.1139/x99-149
 
Khurana D.K., Chauhan S.K., Mehta A. (1992): Genotype and site interaction studies in some promising clones of exotic poplar in Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Tree Sciences, 11: 112–124.
 
Krabel Doris, Meyer Matthias, Solger Alexander, Müller Rosi, Carvalho Pedro, Foulkes John (2015): Early root and aboveground biomass development of hybrid poplars ( Populus spp.) under drought conditions. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 45, 1289-1298  https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2015-0126
 
Kumar D., Singh N.B., Rawat G.S., Srivastava S. (1999): Improvement of Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh. in India – I. Present status. The Indian Forester, 125: 245–263.
 
Mir A.A., Masoodi T.H., Mir N.A., Rather T.A., Sofi P.A. (2017): Nursery performance of male clones of poplar (Populus deltoides Bartr.) under temperate conditions of Kashmir Valley. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology, 21: 1–8.
 
Nieminen Kaisa, Blomster Tiina, Helariutta Ykä, Mähönen Ari Pekka (2015): Vascular Cambium Development. The Arabidopsis Book, 13, e0177-  https://doi.org/10.1199/tab.0177
 
PALMBERG CHRISTEL (1977): Introduction and Improvement of Poplars in Australia. Australian Forestry, 40, 20-27  https://doi.org/10.1080/00049158.1977.10675663
 
Panwar V.P., Sharma R. (2001): Nursery performance of exotic poplars under mid-hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh. The Indian Forester, 127: 44–50.
 
PEARCE R. S., HAWTHORN P. H., RYLE G. J. A. (1990): A Carbon 14 Study of Metabolism in Tall Fescue Seedlings Acclimating to Growth at Low Temperatures. Journal of Experimental Botany, 41, 1393-1404  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/41.11.1393
 
Poorter Hendrik, van Rijn Cynthia P. E., Vanhala Tytti K., Verhoeven Koen J. F., de Jong Yvonne E. M., Stam Piet, Lambers Hans (2005): A genetic analysis of relative growth rate and underlying components in Hordeum spontaneum. Oecologia, 142, 360-377  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-004-1705-1
 
Preece J.E. (1993): Basics of propagation by cuttings – temperature. Proceedings of the International Plant Propagator’s Society, 43: 441–444.
 
Ramesh K.R., Khurana D.K. (2008): Clonal provenance variation of Populus alba Linn. in nursery. Indian Journal of Forestry, 31: 599–610.
 
Rawat G.S., Singh N.B., Gupta R.K., Singh K., Sharma S.D. (2001): Clonal evaluation of poplar (Populus deltoides Bartr.) in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. I – nursery testing. The Indian Forester, 127: 70–80.
 
Rüdinger Marcus, Hallgren Stephen W., Steudle Ernst, Schulze Ernst-Detlef (1994): Hydraulic and osmotic properties of spruce roots. Journal of Experimental Botany, 45, 1413-1425  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/45.10.1413
 
Schultz R.C., Isenhart T.M., Simpkins W.W., Colletti J.P. (2004): Riparian forest buffers in agroecosystems – lessons learned from the Bear Creek Watershed, central Iowa, USA. Agroforestry Systems, 61: 35–50.
 
Sharma J.P., Singh N.B., Thakur S. (2014): Nursery growth performance of newly developed superior clones of poplar (Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh.). Journal of Tree Sciences, 33: 7–16.
 
Singh N.B., Kumar D., Rawat G.S., Gupta R.K., Singh K., Negi S.S. (2001): Clonal evaluation on poplar (Populus deltoids Bartr.) in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. II – estimates of genetic parameters in fields testing. The Indian Forester, 127: 163–172.
 
Snedden Jessica, Landhäusser Simon M., Lieffers Victor J., Charleson Lee R. (2010): Propagating trembling aspen from root cuttings: impact of storage length and phenological period of root donor plants. New Forests, 39, 169-182  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11056-009-9162-7
 
Talebi M., Modir Rahmati A.R., Jahanbazi H., Hemati A., Haghighian F. (2007): Investigation on growth characteristics of poplar clones in research nursery of Boldaji station. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 15: 349–364.
 
Vieitez A.M., Ballester A., Garcia M.T., Vieitez E. (1980): Starch depletion and anatomical changes during the rooting of Castanea sativa Mill. cuttings. Scientia Horticulturae, 13, 261-266  https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4238(80)90064-3
 
Wilcox James R, Farmer Robert E (1968): Heritability and C effects in early root growth of eastern cottonwood cuttings. Heredity, 23, 239-245  https://doi.org/10.1038/hdy.1968.31
 
Yousefi B., Modir Rahmati A.R. (2004): Height growth behavior of poplar clones in Kurdistan. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 12: 533–556.
 
Zalesny Ronald S., Bauer Edmund O. (2007): Evaluation of Populus and Salix Continuously Irrigated with Landfill Leachate II. Soils and Early Tree Development. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 9, 307-323  https://doi.org/10.1080/15226510701476594
 
Zalesny, Jr. Ronald S, Riemenschneider Don E, Hall Richard B (2005): Early rooting of dormant hardwood cuttings of Populus : analysis of quantitative genetics and genotype × environment interactions. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 35, 918-929  https://doi.org/10.1139/x05-018
 
Zsuffa L. (1976): Vegetative propagation of cottonwood by rooting cutting. In: Thielges B.A., Land S.B. Jr. (eds): Proceedings of Symposium on Eastern Cottonwood and Related Species, Greenville, Sept 28–Oct 2, 1976: 99–108.
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti