In January 2019 the forest industry in Ukraine adopted European standards for measuring and grading of round wood based on mid-point diameters, which caused major discrepancies from traditionally used estimates of timber volume using top diameters. To compare methods of merchantable wood volume estimation, we investigated the stem form inside bark for two dominant tree species in Ukraine, i.e. Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and common oak (Quercus robur L.). We used tree stem measurements to fit stem profile equations, whereas simulation was applied to derive log taper. We found that Newnham's (1992) variable-exponent taper equation performed well for predicting stem taper for both tree species. Then, we simulated the structure of harvested wood, so that it replicated annual distribution of logs by their length and diameters. As a result, the average log taper was estimated at 0.836 ÷ 0.855 cm·m–1 and 1.180 ÷ 0.121 cm·m–1 for pine and oak, respectively. The study also indicated that log taper varied along stems. The higher rates of diameter decrease were found for butt logs, for which the taper was 2.5–3.5 times higher than its average for the whole stem. The results of our study ensure the stacked round wood volume conversion between estimates obtained using top and mid-point diameters.
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