Soil aggregate stability index and particulate organic matter in response to differently afforested lands in the temperate regions of Iran

Soleimany M., Eslamdoust J., Akbarinia M., Kooch Y. (2021): Soil aggregate stability index and particulate organic matter in response to differently afforested lands in the temperate regions of Iran. J. For. Sci., 67: 376–384.

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Aggregate Stability Index (ASI) and particulate organic matter (POM) are strongly influenced by land use and management. This work illustrates the effects of plantations on ASI and POM-C and POM-N in northern Iran. Three plantations of P. deltoides (PD), T. distichum (TD), A. subcordata (AS), and a fourth site ‒ adjacent abandoned lands (BL, as control) were selected. Soil samples were taken within 16 quadrats of each plantation and BL from the two depths of 0–15 cm and 15–30 cm during the summer. Soil C was significantly higher under TD (2.10%) than under BL (2.02%) > PD (1.61%) > AS (1.30%). Soil N was found in ranked order of AS (8.99%) > TD (7.82%) > PD (5.30%) > BL (3.68%) (P < 0.019). The significantly higher ASI was found under TD (57.49) in comparison with PD (53.10), BL (51.23), and AS (36.57). The POM-C was as follows: TD (0.209%) > PD (0.141%) > AS (0.139%) > BL (0.075%) (P = 0.020). The highest POM-N was found under TD (0.035), followed by AS (0.0284%), PD (0.0288%), and BL (0.007%). The results indicate the positive effect of afforestation on soil ASI and POM-C and POM-N, especially in the surface layers of soil.

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