The regeneration of Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) share in the secondary hornbeam stands using

Yakhyaev А.B., Gurbanov E.M., Farzaliyev V.S., Seyfullayev F.S. (2021): The regeneration of Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) share in the secondary hornbeam stands using the complex cutting. J. For. Sci., 67: 12–20. 

download PDF

In the paper, the results of the complex cuttings were presented in the secondary hornbeam stands with the aim of regenerating the natural beech stands in the northern regions of Azerbaijan. For this purpose, three complex cutting procedures were carried out with a recurrence at 5 and 10 years in four sites of the secondary hornbeam stands in the northern regions. The experimental plots were characterised with: a stand density of 0.5–0.7, the age of the forest stands of 60–130 years, undergrowth of 12–25 years, a stand volume of 130–200 m3·ha–1, the beech percentage in the composition of stands of 17–28%, hornbeam 62–79% spread over the southern and northern slopes of the mountains. As a result of the complex cuttings, the share of beech trees in the composition of the parent stands increased 2.2–3.0 times. During cutting, the share of beech trees, as a part of undergrowth, increased 3.8–4.3 times. Based on the data, mathematical models were established reflecting the dynamics of the numbers of the undergrowth and the total stand volume of the forest stands depending on the participation percentage of beech trees in the parent stand.

Amirov F.A. (1993): Forests and forestry of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Baku, Azerneshr: 188. (in Azerbaijan)
Ananyev V.A., Moshnikov S.A. (2013): Silvicultural and ecological assessment of selective and gradual cutting systems in protective forests of the Northern Ladoga area. Forestry Journal, 5: 106–114. (in Russian)
Anuchin N.P. (1982): Forest Taxation. Moscow, Timber Industry: 552. (in Russian)
Chianucci F., Salvati L., Giannini T., Chiavetta U., Corona P., Cutini A. (2016): Long-term response to thinning in a beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) coppice stand under conversion to high forest in Central Italy. Silva Fennica, 50: 56–64. (in English)
Cutting rules (1999): Cutting Rules in the Forests of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Baku, Azerneshr: 32 (İn Azerbaijan).
Gryazkin A.V., Novikova M.A., Novikov Y.A. (2016): Features of natural birch regeneration in cutting. Forestry Journal, 4: 81–88. (in Russian)
Huseynov A.M. (1975): Manual on Thinning in the Forests of the Azerbaijan SSR. Baku, Science Publishing House: 112. (in Azerbaijan)
Jorg B., Orjan F. (2010): Biodiversity in European beech forests – A review with recommendation for sustainable forest management. Ecological Bulletins, 53: 77–94.
Koval I.P., Solntsev G.K. (1992): Felling in the forests of the North Caucasus. Forestry, 1: 13–14. (in Russian)
Mahatadze L.B., Popov I.D. (1965): Types of Forests in Transcaucasia. Moscow, Timber Industry: 112. (in Russian)
Marian I.I. (1981): Changes in the structure of beech stands under gradual and selective cutting. Forestry, 7: 18–20. (in Russian)
Melekhov I.S. (1989): Forestry. Moscow, Agropromizdat: 302. (in Russian)
Mishnev V.G. (1986): Reproduction of Crimean Beech Forests. Kiev, Odessa, Vishcha School: 130. (in Russian)
Pobedinsky A.V. (1966): Study of Reforestation Processes. Moscow, Science: 64. (in Russian)
Sennov S.N. (1984): Forest Care (Ecological Basis). Moscow, Science: 128. (in Russian)
Stefancik I., Vacek Z., Sharma R.P., Vacek S., Rosslova M. (2018): Effect of thinning regimes on growth and development of crop trees in Fagus sylvatica stands of Central Europe over fifty years. Dendrobiology, 79: 141–155.
Sukachev V.N., Zonn S.V., Motovilov G.P. (1957): Methodological Guidelines for the Study of Forest Types. Moscow, Academy of Sciences Publishing House: 116. (in Russian)
Tabari M. (2006): Investigation on restoration of non-regenerated canopy gaps of beech (Fagus orientalis L.). Iran. Pajouhesh-va-Sazandegi, 69: 98–103.
Ushatin I.P., Mamonov D.N. (2008): Cuttings and reforestation in plantations of the boron complex of the Voronezh Region. Forestry Journal, 6: 18–22. (in Russian)
Vasiliev I.S. (1971): Thinning in beech forests of North Ossetia and ways to improve their efficiency. Forestry, 1: 75–77. (in Russian)
Yakhyaev A.B. (2014): Thinning in beech-hornbeam young stands of the northeastern slope of the Greater Caucasus within Azerbaijan. Newsletter of Bashkir State Agrarian University, Ufa: 91–95. (in Russian)
Yakhyaev A.B. (2016): Results of voluntary selective cutting in beech stands of the Greater Caucasus within Azerbaijan. Transactions of BSTU Minsk, 1: 93–96. (in Russian)
Yakhyaev A.B., Farzaliyev V.S., Safarova E.P. (2015): The reforestation of the Greater Caucasus beech forests, meadow and the glades. Eastern European Scientific Journal, 6: 20–26.
Yakhyaev A.B., Farzaliyev V.S., Seyfullayev F.S. (2018): Results of silvicultural treatments conducted in the beech forests of Azerbaijan. Journal of Forest Science, 64: 394–401.
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti