Picea abies provenance test in the Czech Republic after 36 years – Central European provenances

https://doi.org/10.17221/23/2015-JFSCitation:Ulbrichová I., Podrázský V., Beran F., Zahradník D., Fulín M., Procházka J., Kubeček J. (2015): Picea abies provenance test in the Czech Republic after 36 years – Central European provenances. J. For. Sci., 61: 465-477.
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Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) provenances from Central Europe (Hercynian-Sudetes area) were evaluated in a long-term experimental project (Germany-Czech Republic) 36 years after the outplanting. The growth characteristics, mortality and qualitative morphological characteristics of 64 spruce provenances were evaluated on the experimental plot Ledeč-Zaháj, in the Czech-Moravian Highland region of the Czech Republic, in typical conditions for Norway spruce cultivation. Results show 15–20% differences in height and radial growth between provenances and insignificant differences in qualitative characteristics e.g. stem shape, branch density and shape and also health state. Environmental variables that significantly influenced production characteristics include longitude, latitude and altitude of the original locations of the provenances, while average annual temperature and average annual precipitation were not significant. Given conditions of the experimental plot, optimal production occurred with those provenances originally from 49–51 N latitude and 13–20 E longitude. 
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