Energy potential of main forest-forming species of stands in the Northern Steppe, Ukraine
Viktoriia Lovynska, Svitlana Sytnyk, Yurii Gritsanhttps://doi.org/10.17221/33/2017-JFSCitation:Lovynska V., Sytnyk S., Gritsan Y. (2018): Energy potential of main forest-forming species of stands in the Northern Steppe, Ukraine. J. For. Sci., 64: 25-32.
The study evaluated the energy potential of Scots pine and black locust stands within the Northern Steppe of Ukraine, in forest plantations subordinated to the State Agency of Forest Resources (Ukraine). This study defined general values of aboveground biomass components per age-class structure in the forest stands. Allocated carbon was calculated using the biomass components by age groups as follows: stem, branches and leaves (needles). Contribution of different age groups to carbon allocation was investigated. A key role of stem wood in the process of carbon allocation in the forest stands was shown. It was found that the maximum carbon budget was accumulated in stands of both forest-forming species aged 41–60 years. The models are made on a dependence of carbon allocation in the different components of aboveground biomass by age. Results of energy content in the aboveground biomass were presented in Scots pine and black locust stands within the surveyed area. The study has shown that the energy potential of carbon accumulated in the biomass of Scots pine stands amounted to 40.31 PJ, and that of black locust stands was 32.04 PJ. Development of forest ecosystems in the Steppe zone of Ukraine can result in the optimization of abiotic conditions on a local level under the influence of the global climate changes.Keywords:
black locust; Scots pine; aboveground biomass; carbon allocation; age structureReferences:
Adamenko O., Vysochanskiy V., Liotko V., Mychailov M. (2010): Alternative fuels and other alternative energy sources. Ivano-Frankivsk, Polumia: 257 (in Ukrainian)Balboa-Murias Miguel Ángel, Rodríguez-Soalleiro Roque, Merino Agustín, Álvarez-González Juan Gabriel (2006): Temporal variations and distribution of carbon stocks in aboveground biomass of radiata pine and maritime pine pure stands under different silvicultural alternatives. Forest Ecology and Management, 237, 29-38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2006.09.024Birdsey Richard, Pan Yude (2015): Trends in management of the world’s forests and impacts on carbon stocks. Forest Ecology and Management, 355, 83-90 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.04.031Breymeyer A.I., Berg B., Gower S.T., Johnson D. (1998): Carbon budget: Temperate coniferous forests. In: Breymeyer A.I., Hall D.O., Melillo J.M., Ågren G.I. (eds): Global Change: Effects on Coniferous Forests and Grasslands. Report No. 56. Chichester, John Wiley & Sons: 41–69.Brown Sandra (2002): Measuring carbon in forests: current status and future challenges. Environmental Pollution, 116, 363-372 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(01)00212-3Di Cosmo Lucio, Gasparini Patrizia, Tabacchi Giovanni (2016): A national-scale, stand-level model to predict total above-ground tree biomass from growing stock volume. Forest Ecology and Management, 361, 269-276 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.11.008Dolman A.J., Moors E.J., Elbers J.A. (2002): The carbon uptake of a mid latitude pine forest growing on sandy soil. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 111, 157-170 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1923(02)00024-2Fiorese Giulia, Guariso Giorgio (2013): Modeling the role of forests in a regional carbon mitigation plan. Renewable Energy, 52, 175-182 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2012.09.060Gough Christopher M., Vogel Christoph S., Schmid Hans Peter, Curtis Peter S. (2008): Controls on Annual Forest Carbon Storage: Lessons from the Past and Predictions for the Future. BioScience, 58, 609-622 https://doi.org/10.1641/B580708Gruenewald Holger, Brandt Barbara K.V., Schneider B. Uwe, Bens Oliver, Kendzia Gerald, Hüttl Reinhard F. (2007): Agroforestry systems for the production of woody biomass for energy transformation purposes. Ecological Engineering, 29, 319-328 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2006.09.012Harmon M.E., Franklin J.F., Swanson F.J., Sollins P., Gregory S.V., Lattin J.D., Anderson N.H., Cline S.P., Aumen N.G., Sedell J.R., Lienkaemper G.W., Cromack K., Cummins K.W. (1986): Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate eco-systems. In: McFadyen A., Ford E.D. (eds): Advances in Ecological Research. Orlando, Academic Press, Inc.: 133–302.Krebs C.J. (1994): The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance. 4th Ed. New York, HarperCollins College Publishers: 801.Kudrya S.O., Yatsenko L.V., Dushyna H.P. (2010): Energy Potential Atlas of Renewable and Non-conventional Energy Sources. Kiev, Institute of Electrodynamics of NASU: 41. (in Ukrainian)Lakyda P.I. (2002): Phytomass of Forests of Ukraine. Ternopil, Zbruch: 256. (in Ukrainian)Lakyda P.I., Vasylyshyn R.D. (2006): The application potential of Ukrainian forest biomass for bioenergy. Forestry, Forest, Paper and Woodworking Industry, 30: 225–228. (in Ukrainian)Lakyda P.I., Petrenko M.M., Vasylyshyn R.D. (2007): Bioenergetic potential of forest raw material resources in Ukraine. Forest Taxation and Forestry Management, 1: 180–185. (in Ukrainian)Lakyda P., Shvidenko A., Schepashchenko D., Vasylyshyn R., Bilous А., Lakyda І., Matushevych L. (2013): Biotic productivity of Ukrainian forests within European ecoresource dimension. Biological Resources and Nature Management, 5–6: 99–106. (in Ukrainian)Lindner M., Fitzgerald J.B., Zimmermann N.E., Reyer C., Delzon S., van der Maaten E., Schelhaas M.J., Lasch P., Eggers J., van der Maaten-Theunissen M., Suckow F., Psomas A., Poulter B., Hanewinkel M. (2014): Climate change and European forests: What do we know, what are the uncertainties, and what are the implications for forest management? Journal of Environmental Management, 146: 69–83.Lovinska V., Sytnyk S. (2016): The structure of Scots pine and Black locust forests in the Northern Steppe of Ukraine. Journal of Forest Science, 62, 329-336 https://doi.org/10.17221/120/2015-JFSMakarovskiy E.L. (2004): The energy potential of non-conventional and renewable energy sources. Integrated Technologies and Power Save, 3: 75–82.Matthews G. (1993): The Carbon Content of Trees. Technical Paper 4. Edinburgh, Forestry Commission: 25.Pan Y., Birdsey R. A., Fang J., Houghton R., Kauppi P. E., Kurz W. A., Phillips O. L., Shvidenko A., Lewis S. L., Canadell J. G., Ciais P., Jackson R. B., Pacala S. W., McGuire A. D., Piao S., Rautiainen A., Sitch S., Hayes D. (2011): A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World's Forests. Science, 333, 988-993 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1201609Paul Keryn I., Roxburgh Stephen H., England Jacqueline R., Ritson Peter, Hobbs Trevor, Brooksbank Kim, John Raison R., Larmour John S., Murphy Simon, Norris Jaymie, Neumann Craig, Lewis Tom, Jonson Justin, Carter Jenny L., McArthur Geoff, Barton Craig, Rose Ben (2013): Development and testing of allometric equations for estimating above-ground biomass of mixed-species environmental plantings. Forest Ecology and Management, 310, 483-494 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.08.054Pietrzykowski Marcin, Socha Jarosław (2011): An estimation of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) ecosystem productivity on reclaimed post-mining sites in Poland (central Europe) using of allometric equations. Ecological Engineering, 37, 381-386 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.10.006Ritson Peter, Sochacki Stanley (2003): Measurement and prediction of biomass and carbon content of Pinus pinaster trees in farm forestry plantations, south-western Australia. Forest Ecology and Management, 175, 103-117 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00121-4Shepashenko D., Shvidenko A., Nilsson S. (1998): Phytomass (live biomass) and carbon of Siberian forests. Biomass and Bioenergy, 14, 21-31 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(97)10006-XTimilsina Nilesh, Staudhammer Christina L., Escobedo Francisco J., Lawrence Alicia (2014): Tree biomass, wood waste yield, and carbon storage changes in an urban forest. Landscape and Urban Planning, 127, 18-27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.04.003Tretyak P.R. (2014): Bioenergetics of forest landscape: Concept, metrization and rational nature management. Bulletin of the Lviv University. Series Geography, 45: 11–19. (in Ukrainian)Verkerk P.J., Mavsar R., Giergiczny M., Lindner M., Edwards D., Schelhaas M.J. (2014): Assessing impacts of intensified biomass production and biodiversity protection on ecosystem services provided by European forests. Ecosystem Services, 9, 155-165 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2014.06.004Williams Christopher A., Gu Huan, MacLean Richard, Masek Jeffrey G., Collatz G. James (2016): Disturbance and the carbon balance of US forests: A quantitative review of impacts from harvests, fires, insects, and droughts. Global and Planetary Change, 143, 66-80 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.06.002Woodall C.W., Walters B.F., Oswalt S.N., Domke G.M., Toney C., Gray A.N. (2013): Biomass and carbon attributes of downed woody materials in forests of the United States. Forest Ecology and Management, 305, 48-59 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.05.030Yakymenko Y.I., Sokol E.I., Zhuikov V.Y., Petergerya U.S., Ivanin O.L. (2001): Renewable Energy Sources in Local Facilities. Kiev, Politechnika: 114. (in Ukrainian)Yüksek Turan (2012): The restoration effects of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L) plantation on surface soil properties and carbon sequestration on lower hillslopes in the semi-humid region of Coruh Drainage Basin in Turkey. CATENA, 90, 18-25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2011.10.001