Changes in the body mass of Megaphyllum kievense (Diplopoda, Julidae) and the granulometric composition of leaf litter subject to different concentrations of copper
V. Brygadyrenko, V. Ivanyshynhttps://doi.org/10.17221/36/2015-JFSCitation:Brygadyrenko V., Ivanyshyn V. (2015): Changes in the body mass of Megaphyllum kievense (Diplopoda, Julidae) and the granulometric composition of leaf litter subject to different concentrations of copper. J. For. Sci., 61: 369-376.
This article discusses the results of a 30-day experiment investigating the influence of copper which was introduced into the natural diet of Megaphyllum kievense (Lohmander, 1928) at concentrations of 10–1, 10–2, 10–3, 10–4, 10–5, 10–6, 10–7 and 10–8 mg Cu·g–1 dry leaf litter upon the body mass of the species. With copper contamination at a concentration 10–1 mg Cu·g–1 leaf litter the gain in body mass of M. kievense decreased by 69.8% (from 2.45 ± 1.28 to 0.74 ± 1.73 mg/individual per month). With an enrichment of the food substrate to 10–2–10–7 mg Cu·g–1 litter the increase in body mass of the millipedes did not differ from the control value (it was 88–146% of the control). However, the gain in body mass for 10–8 mg Cu·g–1 dry leaf litter was twice higher than in the control. The results of the experiment do not permit us to claim that the food consumption of M. kievense changed in response to varying concentrations of copper in the litter samples. The mass of the largest litter fragments (> 2.05 mm) decreased by 8.5% as a result of consumption by M. kievense and that of the average size fragments (0.70–1.05 mm) increased by 6.0% due to the grinding of the plant remains by M. kievense and enrichment through their excretory process.Keywords:heavy metals; litter invertebrates; polluted ecosystems; saprophagesReferences:
Ashwini Krishna Moorthy, Sridhar Kandikere Ramaiah (2005): Leaf litter preference and conversion by a saprophagous tropical pill millipede, Arthrosphaera magna Attems. Pedobiologia, 49, 307-316 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedobi.2005.02.002Baker G. H. (1980): The water and temperature relationships of Ommatoiulus moreletii (Diplopoda: Iulidae). Journal of Zoology, 190, 97-108 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1980.tb01425.xBoccardo L, Penteado C.H.S (1995): Locomotor and metabolic activities of Gymnostreptus olivaceus (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida) at different photoperiod conditions. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology, 112, 611-617 https://doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629(95)02034-9Brygadyrenko V.V. (2004): The use of simulation in the study populations Rossiulus kessleri (Diplopoda, Julidae). Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology, Ecology, 12: 15–22.Brygadyrenko V.V. (2006): The possibility of using litter invertebrates to indicate gradations edaphotop moisture in forest ecosystems. Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology, Ecology, 14: 21–26.Brygadyrenko V.V., Ivanyshyn V.М. (2014): Impact of ferric salt on body weight of Megaphyllum kievense (Diplopoda, Julidae) and litter granulometric composition in the laboratory experiment. Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology, Ecology, 22: 83–87.Brygadyrenko V.V., Komarov O.S. (2008): Trophic structure of litter mesofauna: Biomass differentiation between trophic levels. Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology, Ecology, 16: 12–23.Byzov B.A. (2006): Intestinal microbiota of millipedes. In: König H., Varma A. (eds): Intestinal Microorganisms of Soil Invertebrates. Berlin, Springer: 89–114.Byzov B.A., Chernjakovskaya T.F., Zenova G.M., Dobrovolskaya T.G. (1996): Bacterial communities associated with soil diplopods. Pedobiologia, 40: 67–79.Carter Alan (1983): Cadmium, copper, and zinc in soil animals and their food in a red clover system. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 61, 2751-2757 https://doi.org/10.1139/z83-361Coûteaux Marie-Madeleine, Aloui Abdelkader, Kurz-Besson Cathy (2002): Pinus halepensis litter decomposition in laboratory microcosms as influenced by temperature and a millipede, Glomeris marginata. Applied Soil Ecology, 20, 85-96 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0929-1393(02)00013-6Dangerfield J.M. (1993): Ingestion of mineral soil-litter mixtures and faecal pellet production in the southern African millipede Alloporus uncinatus (Attems). Pedobiologia, 37: 159–166.Dangerfield J. M., Milner Alice E. (1993): Ingestion and assimilation of leaf litter in some tropical millipedes. Journal of Zoology, 229, 683-693 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1993.tb02664.xDevi D.S., Prabhoo N.R. (1990): Studies on food and feeding habits, food preference and feeding mechanism in the millipede Jonespeltis splendidus Verhoeff in captivity. Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology, 10: 48–56.Eijsackers H., Beneke P., Maboeta M., Louw J.P.E., Reinecke A.J. (2005): The implications of copper fungicide usage in vineyards for earthworm activity and resulting sustainable soil quality. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 62, 99-111 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2005.02.017Gere G. (1956): Examination of the feeding biology and humification function of Diplopoda and Isopoda. Acta Biologica Hungarica, 6: 257–271.Heikens A, Peijnenburg W.J.G.M, Hendriks A.J (2001): Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in terrestrial invertebrates. Environmental Pollution, 113, 385-393 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(00)00179-2Hopkin S. P. (1990): Critical Concentrations, Pathways of Detoxification and Cellular Ecotoxicology of Metals in Terrestrial Arthropods. Functional Ecology, 4, 321- https://doi.org/10.2307/2389593Hopkin S.P., Martin M.H. (1982): The distribution of zinc, cadmium, lead and copper within the hepatopancreas of a woodlouse. Tissue and Cell, 14, 703-715 https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-8166(82)90060-XHopkin S.P., Read H.J. (1992): The Biology of Millipedes. New York, Oxford University Press: 248.Kaneko Nobuhiro (1999): Effect of millipede Parafontaria tonominea Attems (Diplopoda: Xystodesmidae) adults on soil biological activities: A microcosm experiment. Ecological Research, 14, 271-279 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1703.1999.143302.xKheirallah A. (1990): Fragmentation of leaf litter by a natural population of the millipede Julus scandinavius (Latzel, 1884). Biology and Fertility of Soils, 10: 202–206.Köhler H.R., Alberti G. (1992): The effect of heavy metal stress on the intestine of diplopods. Berichte des Naturwissenschaftlich-medizinischen Vereins in Innsbruck, Suplementa 10: 257–267.Köhler H.R., Alberti G., Storch V. (1991): The influence of the mandibles of Diplopoda on the food – a dependence of fine structure and assimilation efficiency. Pedobiologia, 35: 108–116.Köhler Heinz-R., Hiittenrauch Kerstin, Berkus Martin, Gräff Sybille, Alberti Gerd (1996): Cellular hepatopancreatic reactions in Porcellio scaber (Isopoda) as biomarkers for the evaluation of heavy metal toxicity in soils. Applied Soil Ecology, 3, 1-15 https://doi.org/10.1016/0929-1393(95)00073-9K�hler Heinz-R�diger, K�rtje Karl-Heinz, Alberti Gerd (1995): Content, absorption quantities and intracellular storage sites of heavy metals in Diplopoda (Arthropoda). Biometals, 8, - https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00156156Köhler Heinz-R., Storch Volker, Alberti Gerd (1992): The impact of lead on the assimilation efficiency of laboratory-held Diplopoda (Arthropoda) preconditioned in different environmental situations. Oecologia, 90, 113-119 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00317816Koukoura Z, Mamolos A.P, Kalburtji K.L (2003): Decomposition of dominant plant species litter in a semi-arid grassland. Applied Soil Ecology, 23, 13-23 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0929-1393(03)00006-4Kulbachko Y.L., Didur O.O. (2012): Trophic priorities of millipedes (Diplopoda) in process of rehabilitation of the territories disturbed by mining industry. Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology, Ecology, 20: 30–37.Maraun Mark, Martens Hermann, Migge Sonja, Theenhaus Anne, Scheu Stefan (2003): Adding to ‘the enigma of soil animal diversity’: fungal feeders and saprophagous soil invertebrates prefer similar food substrates. European Journal of Soil Biology, 39, 85-95 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1164-5563(03)00006-2Márialigeti K., Contreras E., Barabás Gy., Heydrich M., Szabó I.M. (1985): True intestinal actinomycetes of millipedes (Diplopoda). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 45, 120-121 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2011(85)90059-XMcCay Timothy S., Cardelús Catherine L., Neatrour Matthew A. (2013): Rate of litter decay and litter macroinvertebrates in limed and unlimed forests of the Adirondack Mountains, USA. Forest Ecology and Management, 304, 254-260 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.05.010Morgan A. J., Morris B., James N., Morgan J. E., Leyshon K. (1986): Heavy Metals in Terrestrial Macroinvertebrates: Species Differences Within and Between Trophic Levels. Chemistry and Ecology, 2, 319-334 https://doi.org/10.1080/02757548608080737Roy S.N., Joy V.C. (2009): Dietary effects of non-nutrients in the leaf litter of forest trees on assimilation, growth and tissue composition of the detritivorous soil arthropod Anoplodesmus saussurei (Humb.) (Polydesmida: Diplopoda). Applied Soil Ecology, 43, 53-60 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2009.06.009da Silva Souza Tatiana, Christofoletti Cintya Aparecida, Bozzatto Vlamir, Fontanetti Carmem Silvia (2014): The use of diplopods in soil ecotoxicology – A review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 103, 68-73 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2013.10.025Striganova Bella R. (1972): Effect of Temperature on the Feeding Activity of Sarmatiulus Kessleri (Diplopoda). Oikos, 23, 197- https://doi.org/10.2307/3543405Striganova B.R., Prishutova Z.G. (1990): Food requirements of diplopods in the dry steppe subzone of the USSR. Pedobiologia, 34: 37–41.Svidén J., Hedbrant J., Lohm U., Tarr J. (2001): Copper emissions from fuel combustion, consumption and industry in two urban areas 1900–1980. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 1: 167–177. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1017560306168Svyrydchenko A.O., Brygadyrenko V.V. (2014): Trophic preferences of Rossiulus kessleri (Diplopoda, Julidae) for the litter of various tree species. Folia Oecologica, 41: 202–212.Wooten R. C., Crawford C. S. (1975): Food, ingestion rates, and assimilation in the desert millipede Orthoporus ornatus (Girard) (Diplopoda). Oecologia, 20, 231-236 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00347475Zenova G.M., Babkina N.I., Polyanskaya L.M., Zvyagintsev D.G. (1996): Actinomycetes in the intestinal tract of soil invertebrates fed with vermicompost or litter. Microbiology (Mikrobiologiya), 65: 360–365.