The influence of growing medium composition on pine and birch seedling response during the period of simulated spring drought

https://doi.org/10.17221/39/2021-JFSCitation:

Špulák O., Hacurová J. (2021): The influence of growing medium composition on pine and birch seedling response during the period of simulated spring drought. JFS, 67: 385–395.

download PDF

Climate change increases the earliness and effect of spring dry spells. The efforts to reduce their negative effects on tree regeneration include improvement in physical properties of soil aimed at an increase in water retention and availability. Clinoptilolite from the group of zeolites belongs among such water-absorbent natural materials. The article aims to assess the effect of clinoptilolite admixture in a growing medium, along with different fertilizer concentration, on the growth of pine and birch seedlings and their development during simulated drought. A common (reference) growing medium was tested along with 4 treatments of the growing medium with clinoptilolite. The birch responded to the fertilizer concentration more intensively than to the clinoptilolite admixture and was more vulnerable to drought damage due to a closer dependence of physiological responses on a decrease in the growing medium moisture. The onset of pine withering was slowest in the reference growing medium. A positive effect of clinoptilolite addition on the growth of pine seedlings was confirmed but its unambiguously positive effect on overcoming of spring dry spells was not demonstrated. Clinoptilolite addition with higher fertilizer rate was found as fully unsuitable.

References:
Aussenac G. (2000): Interactions between forest stands and microclimate: Ecophysiological aspects and consequences for silviculture. Annals of Forest Science, 57: 287–301. https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:2000119
 
Ayan S. (2002): Using of zeolite mineral for seedling production and afforestration practices. Gazi University Faculty of Forestry Journal, 2: 78–88.
 
Ayan S., Tüfekçioğlu A. (2006): Growth responses of Scots pine seedlings grown in peat-based media amended with natural zeolite. Journal of Environmental Biology, 27: 27–34.
 
Ayan S., Yahyaoglu Z., Gerçek V., Şahin A. (2008): Utilization of zeolite as a substrate for containerized oriental spruce (Picea orientalis L. (Link.)) seedlings propagation. Acta Horticulturae, 779: 583–590. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.779.75
 
Balducci L., Cuny H.E., Rathgeber C.B.K., Deslauriers A., Giovannelli A., Rossi S. (2016): Compensatory mechanisms mitigate the effect of warming and drought on wood formation. Plant, Cell & Environment, 39: 1338–1352.
 
Bréda N., Granier A. (1996): Intra- and interannual variations of transpiration, leaf area index and radial growth of a sessile oak stand (Quercus petraea). Annales des Sciences forestières, 53: 521–536. https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:19960232
 
Chen J., Franklin J.F., Spies T.A. (1993): Contrasting microclimates among clearcut, edge, and interior of old-growth Douglas-fir forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 63: 219–237. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1923(93)90061-L
 
Clark J.S., Iverson L., Woodall C.W., Allen C.D., Bell D.M., Bragg D.C., D‘Amato A.W., Davis F.W., Hersh M.H., Ibanez I., Jackson S.T., Matthews S., Pederson N., Peters M., Schwartz M.W., Waring K.M., Zimmermann N.E. (2016): The impacts of increasing drought on forest dynamics, structure, and biodiversity in the United States. Global Change Biology, 22: 2329–2352. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13160
 
de Campos Bernardi A.C., Polidoro J.C., de Melo Monte M.B., Pereira E.I., de Oliveira C.R., Ramesh K. (2016): Enhancing nutrient use efficiency using zeolites minerals – a review. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 6: 295–304. https://doi.org/10.4236/aces.2016.64030
 
del Castillo E.M., Prislan P., Gričar J., Gryc V., Merela M., Giagli K., de Luis M., Vavrčík H., Čufar K. (2018): Challenges for growth of beech and co-occurring conifers in a changing climate context. Dendrochronologia, 52: 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2018.09.001
 
Eilmann B., Zweifel R., Buchmann N., Graf Pannatier E., Rigling A. (2011): Drought alters timing, quantity, and quality of wood formation in Scots pine. Journal of Experimental Botany, 62: 2763–2771. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erq443
 
Földesová M., Hudec P. (2007): Štúdium povrchových vlastností slovenského prírodného zeolitu – klinoptilolitu fyzikálnou adsorpciou dusíka. Petroleum & Coal, 49: 34–40. (in Slovak)
 
Gessler A., Schaub M., McDowell N.G. (2016): The role of nutrients in drought-induced tree mortality and recovery. New Phytologist, 214: 513–520. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14340
 
Girijaveni V., Sammi Reddy K., Sharma K.L., Moulika G. (2018): Zeolites are emerging soil amendments for improving soil physical and chemical properties in agriculture: Review. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology, 11: 841–849. https://doi.org/10.30954/0974-1712.12.2018.5
 
Gruber A., Strobl S., Veit B., Oberhuber W. (2010): Impact of drought on the temporal dynamics of wood formation in Pinus sylvestris. Tree Physiology, 30: 490–501. https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpq003
 
Hueso-González P., Martínez-Murillo J.F., Ruiz-Sinoga J.D. (2016): Effects of topsoil treatments on afforestation in a dry Mediterranean climate (southern Spain). Solid Earth, 7: 1479–1489. https://doi.org/10.5194/se-7-1479-2016
 
Islam M.A., Limon M.S.H., Romić M., Islam M.A. (2021): Hydrochar-based soil amendments for agriculture: a review of recent progress. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 14: 102. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-020-06358-8
 
IPCC (2018): Global Warming of 1.5°C. Geneva, World Metorological Organization: 32.
 
Jamnická G., Ditmarová Ľ., Kurjak D., Kmeť J., Pšidová E., Macková M., Gömöry D., Střelcová K. (2013): The soil hydrogel improved photosynthetic performance of beech seedlings treated under drought. Plant, Soil and Environment 59: 446–451. https://doi.org/10.17221/170/2013-PSE
 
Kavvadias V., Ioannou Z., Katsaris P., Kardimaki A., Vavoulidou E., Theocharopoulous S. (2018): Use of zeolites in agriculture: Effect of addition of natural zeolite and clinoptilolite and compost on soil properties and crop development. In: Rakshit A., Sarkar B., Abhilash P.C. (eds): Soil Amendments for Sustainability: Challenges and Perspectives. 1st Ed. New York, CRC Press: 201–212.
 
Körner C. (2019): No need for pipes when the well is dry – a comment on hydraulic failure in trees. Tree Physiology, 39: 695–700. https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpz030
 
Leuschner C. (2009): Die Trockenheitsempfindlichkeit der Rotbuche vor dem Hintergrund des prognostizierten Klimawandels. In: Jahrbuch der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen. Berlin, De Gruyter: 281–296. (in German)
 
Leuschner C., Backes K., Hertel D., Schipka F., Schmitt U., Terborg O., Runge M. (2001): Drought responses at leaf, stem and fine root levels of competitive Fagus sylvatica L. and Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. trees in dry and wet years. Forest Ecology and Management, 149: 33–46. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00543-0
 
Linder M., Garcia-Gonzalo J., Kolstrom M., Green T., Reguera R., Maroschek M., Seidl R., Lexer M.J., Netherer S., Schopf A. (2008): Impacts of climate change on European forests and options for adaptation. Report to the European Commission Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development AGRI-2007-G4-06: 173.
 
Lyr H., Fiedler H.J., Tranquillini W. (1992): Physiologie und Ökologie der Gehölze. Jena, G. Fischer: 620. (in German)
 
Mahesh M., Thomas J., Kumar K.A., Bhople B.S., Saresh N.V., Vaid S.K., Sahu S.K. (2018): Zeolite farming: A sustainable agricultural prospective. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7: 2912–2924. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.340
 
Pallardy S.G. (2008): Physiology of Woody Plants. 3rd Ed. Amsterdam, Academic Press: 454.
 
Pretzsch H., Rötzer T., Matyssek R., Grams T.E.E, Häberle K.-H., Pritsch K., Kerner R., Munch J.-C. (2014): Mixed Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica [L.]) stands under drought: from reaction pattern to mechanism. Trees, 28: 1305–1321. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-014-1035-9
 
Reháková M., Čuvanová S., Dzivák M., Rimár J., Gavaľová Z. (2004): Agricultural and agrochemical uses of natural zeolite of the clinoptilolite type. Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, 8: 397–404. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cossms.2005.04.004
 
Saha A., Sekharan S., Manna U. (2020): Superabsorbent hydrogel (SAH) as a soil amendment for drought management: A review. Soil and Tillage Research, 204: 104736. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2020.104736
 
Sakadevan K., Bavor H.J. (1998): Phosphate adsorption characteristics of soils, slags and zeolite to be used as substrates in constructed wetland systems. Water Research, 32: 393–399. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(97)00271-6
 
Schmitt U., Jalkanen R., Eckstein D. (2004): Cambium dynamics of Pinus sylvestris and Betula spp. in the northern boreal forest in Finland. Silva Fennica 38: 167–178. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.426
 
Shahnazari H., Laloui L., Kouzegaran S., Jafarian Y. (2020): Prediction and experimental evaluation of soil-water retention behavior of skeletal calcareous soils. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 79: 2395–2410. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-019-01695-9
 
Singer M.J., Munns D.N. (1996): Soils: an introduction. New Jersey, Prentice Hall: 480.
 
Tilki F., Memisoglu T. (2014): Growth of Scots pine and silver birch seedlings on different nursery container media. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 42: 565–572. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha4229551
 
Waring R.H., Franklin J.F. (1979): Evergreen coniferous forests of the Pacific Northwest. Science, 204: 1380–1386. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.204.4400.1380
 
Zweifel R., Rigling A., Dobbertin M. (2009): Species-specific stomatal response of trees to drought – a link to vegetation dynamics? Journal of Vegetation Science, 20: 442–454. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2009.05701.x
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti