Soil preparation by ploughing in the floodplain forest and its influence on vegetation and primary soil characteristics
J. Libus, O. Mauer, D. Vavříčekhttps://doi.org/10.17221/46/2009-JFSCitation:Libus J., Mauer O., Vavříček D. (2010): Soil preparation by ploughing in the floodplain forest and its influence on vegetation and primary soil characteristics. J. For. Sci., 56: 183-196.
The paper analyzes the effect of whole-area site preparation by ploughing and of alternate field and forest crops on the understorey, soil biological activity and physical and chemical characteristics in the commercial forest. Another factor of the study was to assess the effect of the clearcut size on forest stands. Analyzed were 20-years-old stands of pedunculate oak (Quercus robur [L.]) on alluvial sites 1L9 (Fraxino pannonicae-Ulmetum). It can be deduced from the conducted analyses that after twenty years neither different site preparation nor clearcut size affected the understorey and soil biological activity. Field crops and forestry in alternation had a significantly adverse effect on porosity and water-retention capacity in the lower layer of top-soil (25–30 cm). Whole-area ploughing had a negative influence on the loss of organic substances due to accelerated mineralization. Nevertheless, the observed differences are not significant; the values did not fall below critical limits and in no case did they affect other studied site parameters or the development of root systems and aboveground parts of oak trees.Keywords:
floodplain forests; mechanical site preparation by ploughing; physical and chemical soil analyses; phytocoenology; soil biological activity