Accelerated formation of Siberian pine (Pinus sibirica Du Tour) stands: a case study from Siberia N. (2019): Accelerated formation of Siberian pine (Pinus sibirica Du Tour) stands: a case study from Siberia. J. For. Sci., 65: 291-300.
download PDF

Under natural conditions, Siberian pine Pinus sibirica begins to produce commercial cone yields of nuts relatively late (after more than 100 years). The aim of this study was to summarise the experience of the directed formation of Siberian pine forests in Siberia. Experimental objects included plots with traditional thinning of varying intensity and frequency as well as chemical treatment. We assessed the parameters of the stand and its seed production dynamics. Only stands with a minimum density (395–435 trees·ha–1) had a normal seed production energy (1.5 or more cones per shoot). Over-dense stands (830–930 trees·ha–1) were characterised by a low seed production energy (two times or more below the threshold value). In all plots, there were Siberian pine trees with absent or unacceptable seed production energy, which should be removed (DBH up to 28 cm). Seed production energy positively correlated with most tree parameters (age, height, diameter, volume, length and width of crown).

Alekseev Yu.B. (1979): Siberian Pine Forests Near Settlments of Southern Taiga Ob Region. [Ph.D. Thesis.] Krasnoyarsk: 22. (in Russian)
Alekseev Yu.B. (1984): Peculiarities of formation of seed plots in the middle-aged Siberian pine forests of southern taiga Ob region. Ecology of seed reproduction of conifers: 27–32. (in Russian)
Alekseev Yu.B., Demidenko V.P. (1990): Formation of permanent orchard seed plots of Siberian pine by high seed productivity in the southern taiga Ob region. Russian Forestry, 4: 41–43. (in Russian)
Barger R.L., Ffolliott P.F. (1972): Physical Characteristics and Utilization Potentials of Major Woodland Tree Species in Arizona. Research Paper RM-83. Fort Collins, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 80.
Barbeito Ignacio, Cañellas Isabel, Montes Fernando (2009): Evaluating the behaviour of vertical structure indices in Scots pine forests. Annals of Forest Science, 66, 710-710
Bose Arun K., Weiskittel Aaron, Kuehne Christian, Wagner Robert G., Turnblom Eric, Burkhart Harold E. (2018): Does commercial thinning improve stand-level growth of the three most commercially important softwood forest types in North America?. Forest Ecology and Management, 409, 683-693
Danchenko A.M., Bekh I.A. (2010): Siberian pine forests of Western Siberia. Tomsk, Tomsk State University: 421. (in Russian)
Debkov N.M. (2014): The Siberian pine stands near settlements of West Siberian plain: history and current state, recommendations for sustainable forest use (for example Tomsk region). Moscow, WWF Russia: 52. (in Russian)
Debkov Nikita (2017): The Estimate of Cedar Forests of the West Siberian Plain Influence of Thermal Conditions of Creeping Fire on Viability of Scots Pine Seeds. Vestnik of Volga State University of Technology. Ser.: Forest. Ecology. Nature Management, 4, -
Debkov N.M., Krivets S.A. (2017): Stone pine forest management in West Siberian plains. Russian Journal of Forest Science, 5: 28–38. (in Russian)
Huang C.Z., Zhang W.H., Xing Z.L., Yu B.Y., Ye Q.P., Xue W.Y. (2016): Effects of thinning intensities on reproductive modules of Quercus liaotungensis in Huanglong and Qiaoshan Mountains, Northwest China. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 27: 3838–3844. (in Chinese)
Kulakov V.E. (2004): Formation of permanent orchard seed plots of Siberian pine on the basis of natural regeneration with the use of selection methods. Russian Forestry, 5: 29–30. (in Russian)
Moreno-Fernández Daniel, Cañellas Isabel, Calama Rafael, Gordo Javier, Sánchez-González Mariola (2013): Thinning increases cone production of stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) stands in the Northern Plateau (Spain). Annals of Forest Science, 70, 761-768
Nekrasova T.P. (1961): Seed production of Siberian pine in Western Siberia. Novosibirsk, Science: 72. (in Russian)
Nekrasova T.P., Zemlyanoy A.I. (1980): Methods of selection of plus trees of Siberian pine by seed productivity. Moscow: 12. (in Russian)
Pasalodos-Tato M., Pukkala T., Calama R., Cañellas I., Sánchez-González M. (2016): Optimal management of Pinus pinea stands when cone and timber production are considered. European Journal of Forest Research, 135, 607-619
Peltola Heli, Miina Jari, Rouvinen Ismo, Kellomäki Seppo (2002): Effect of early thinning on the diameter growth distribution along the stem of Scots pine. Silva Fennica, 36, -
Pravdin L.F. (1963): Breeding and seed production of Siberian pine. Seed production of Siberian pine in East Siberia, 62: 5–21. (in Russian)
Pravdin L.F., Iroshnikov A.I. (1963): Determination of the yield of pine cones by the average model tree. Seed production of Siberian pine in East Siberia, 62: 132–145. (in Russian)
Pukkala Timo, Miina Jari, Kellomäki Seppo (2008): Response to different thinning intensities in young Pinus sylvestris. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 13, 141-150
Ryan M., Binkley D., Fownes J.H. (1997): Age-related decline in forest productivity: pattern and process. Advances in Ecological Research, 27: 213–262.
Sedykh V.N. (2014): Dynamics of plain Siberian pine forests in Siberia. Novosibirsk, Science: 232. (in Russian)
Semechkin I.V., Polikarpov N.P. Iroshnikov A.I. (1985): Siberian pine forests of Siberia. Novosibirsk, Science: 258. (in Russian)
Shelef Oren, Weisberg Peter J., Provenza Frederick D. (2017): The Value of Native Plants and Local Production in an Era of Global Agriculture. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8, -
Štefančík I. (2013): Development of target (crop) trees in beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) stand with delayed initial tending and managed by different thinning methods. Journal of Forest Science, 59, 253-259
Valinger Erik, Sjögren Hans, Nord Gustav, Cedergren Jonas (2018): Effects on stem growth of Scots pine 33 years after thinning and/or fertilization in northern Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 34, 33-38
Vasiliev Ya.Ya. (1938): Forest associations of the Suputinsky reserve of the Mountain-taiga station. Proceedings of the Mountain-taiga station, 2: 5–136. (in Russian)
Zagreev V.V. (2005): Timber Assortment and Marketable Tables For Stands of Western and Eastern Siberia. Novosibirsk, Zapsiblesproekt: 176. (in Russian)
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences