Growth and formation patterns of pine-larch saplings in conditions of Eastern Siberia

https://doi.org/10.17221/4/2018-JFSCitation:Runova E., Serkov D., Garus I. (2018): Growth and formation patterns of pine-larch saplings in conditions of Eastern Siberia. J. For. Sci., 64: 387-393.
download PDF

Researches and generalizations of information on basic patterns of formation, growth, and structure of Irkutsk region forest stands and plantations enabled to study dynamics of formation and productivity of mixed pine forests, being naturally developed under various economic impacts. Such parameters as diameter-, height-, and volume-wise pine and larch increment in mixed forest stands were studied. The obtained results were accurate due to a wealth of experimental material, statistical and mathematical processing using MS Excel application software, graphic methods of processing the materials. The following conclusions can be made based on the materials collected: areas and yields of larch in Irkutsk region have been sharply reduced, since there are processes of intense deforestation and weak natural regeneration of larch here. Mixed forest plantations of pine and larch grow rather successfully, however, such areas are few, since there is no commercial procurement of larch seeds in Irkutsk region, no larch seedlings are cultivated in nursery forests; larch saplings occupy a much smaller area than Scots pine saplings do; basic taxation parameters and structure of mixed pine-larch forest plantations are formed at the young age; saplings have mean productivity, equivalent to the 3rd yield class; mixed forest stands are of high practical and industrial value that depends on conditions of domestic and foreign market.

References:
Biging G.S., Dobbertin M. (1992): A comparison of distance-dependent competition measures for height and basal area growth of individual conifer trees. Forest Science, 38: 695–720.
 
Buzykin A.I., Pshenichnikova L.S. (1980): Formation of Pine-larch Saplings. Novosibirsk, Nauka: 168. (in Russian)
 
Fritz S., McCallum I., Schill C., Perger C., See L., Schepaschenko D., van der Velde M., Kraxner F., Obersteiner M. (2012): Geo-Wiki: An online platform for improving global land cover. Environmental Modelling & Software, 31: 110–123.
 
Giertych M. (1979): Summary of results on Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) height growth in IUFRO provenance experiments. Silvae Genetica, 28: 136–152.
 
Gvozdev V.K., Grigoriev V.P., Chisty V.I. (2003): Forestry and Reforestation Design. Minsk, PRO: 236. (in Russian)
 
Hegyi F. (1974): A simulation model for managing jack-pine stands. In: Fries J. (ed.): Growth Models for Tree and Stand Simulation. Stockholm, Royal College of Forestry: 74–90.
 
Hunt Shelley, Gordon Andrew, Morris Dave (2010): Carbon stocks in managed conifer forests in northern Ontario, Canada. Silva Fennica, 44, -  https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.128
 
Klyuchnikov M.V., Paramonov E.G. (2008): Larch forests’ characteristics in the South of Western Siberia. Boreal Zone Coniferous Species, 1: 51–58. (in Russian)
 
Kravchenko G.L. (1972): Patterns of Pine Growth. Moscow, Lesnaya promyshlennost: 168. (in Russian)
 
Lavrinenko D.D. (1965): Interaction of Tree Species in Different Forest Types. Moscow, Lesnaya promyshlennost: 248. (in Russian)
 
Leopold A.K., Gunar I.I. (1968): Growth and Development of Plants. Moscow, Mir: 495. (in Russian)
 
Levin V.I. (1966): Pines of the European North (Structure, Growth and Taxation of Stands). Moscow, Lesnaya promyshlennost: 152. (in Russian)
 
Luganskiy N.A., Zalesov S.V., Luganskiy V.N. (2010): Silviculture. Textbook. Ekaterinburg, Ural State Forest Engineering University: 432. (in Russian)
 
Mälkönen E. (1974): Annual primary production and nutrient cycle in some pine stands. Communicationes Instituti Forestalis Fenniae, 84: 1–87.
 
Melekhov I.S. (1980): Forestry. Textbook for Universities. Moscow, Lesnaya promyshlennost: 408. (in Russian)
 
Murcia Carolina (1995): Edge effects in fragmented forests: implications for conservation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 10, 58-62  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(00)88977-6
 
Muukkonen Petteri, Mäkipää Raisa, Laiho Raija, Minkkinen Kari, Vasander Harri, Finér Leena (2006): Relationship between biomass and percentage cover in understorey vegetation of boreal coniferous forests. Silva Fennica, 40, -  https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.340
 
Paramonov E.G., Klyuchnikov M.V. (2010): Basics of Forest Science. Textbook. Barnaul, Altai State University: 120. (in Russian)
 
Pisarenko A.I. (1990): Creation of Artificial Forests. Moscow, Agropromizdat: 269. (in Russian)
 
Plaksiva I.V., Sudachkova N.E., Buzykin A.I. (2003): Planting density influence on xylogenesis and metabolism of Scots pine and Siberian larch. Lesovedenie, 4: 47–53. (in Russian)
 
Pobedinsky A.V. (1965): Pine Forests of Central Siberia and Transbaikalia. Moscow, Nauka: 268. (in Russian)
 
Pobedinsky A.V. (1966): Study of Reforestation Processes. Moscow, Nauka: 64. (in Russian)
 
Polikarpov N.P. (1962): Formation of Pine Saplings on Concentrated Clearings. Moscow, Academy of Sciences of the USSR: 171. (in Russian)
 
Repola Jaakko (2006): Models for vertical wood density of Scots pine, Norway spruce and birch stems, and their application to determine average wood density. Silva Fennica, 40, -  https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.322
 
Runova E.M., Savchenkova V.A. (2007): Improvement of Cutting Operations’ Technology in the Middle Angara Region. Bratsk, Bratsk State University: 118. (in Russian)
 
Runova E.M., Savchenkova V.A. (2014): Influencing features of some soil’s physical properties on the natural renewal formation of the forest. Sistemy. Metody. Tekhnologii, 2: 169–174. (in Russian)
 
Runova E.M., Serkov D.V. (2014): Forest-taxation evaluation of pine-larch forests in Irkutsk region. Aktualnye problemy lesnogo kompleksa, 39: 33–35. (in Russian)
 
Runova E.M., Vedernikov I.B. (2012): Coniferous boreal forests’ stability factors of the Middle Angara region against seral processes. Lesnoj vestnik, 1: 127–131. (in Russian)
 
Runova E.M., Marcatyuk A.A., Gavrilin I.I., Vedernikov I.B. (2013): The current state of the boreal forests of Eastern Siberia in the Scots pine’s natural regeneration aspect. Sistemy. Metody. Tekhnologii, 1: 163–169. (in Russian)
 
TsBNTI Gosleskhoza SSSR (1983): Industry-specific Standard, OST 56-69-83. Sample Forest’s Management Areas. Method of Installation. Moscow, TsBNTI Gosleskhoza SSSR: 59. (in Russian)
 
Vanninen Petteri, Ylitalo Hanna, Sievänen Risto, Mäkelä Annikki (1996): Effects of age and site quality on the distribution of biomass in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Trees, 10, 231-238  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02185674
 
Varaksin G.S., Polyakov V.I., Inyushkin S.V. (2002): Evaluation of the experimental pine and larch plantations’ condition and growth in the Southern taiga subzone of Central Siberia. Forest Management Information, 9: 23–28. (in Russian)
 
Vipper V.N. (1973): Influence of Forest Understory and Forb-shrub Cover on Larch Forests’ Renewal of Central Yakutia. Moscow, Nauka: 64. (in Russian)
 
Voropanov P.V. (1954): Management of Tree Growth and Development. Leningrad, Goslesbumizdat: 112. (in Russian)
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti