Ecological assessment of Juniperus turbinata Guss. forest on the Strofades Islands, Ionian Sea, Greece A., Chaideftou E., Minotou C., Poirazidis K. (2018): Ecological assessment of Juniperus turbinata Guss. forest on the Strofades Islands, Ionian Sea, Greece. J. For. Sci., 64: 345-352.
download PDF

The Strofades Islands form part of the National Marine Park of Zakynthos. Juniperus turbinata Gussone (syn. Juniperus phoenicea Linnaeus) forests are one of the few remaining high forest forms in Mediterranean. Here, the ecological status and the state of forest regeneration on the Strofades were evaluated to contribute information to their preservation. Seventeen sampling sites were established in the most representative locations. Fourteen sites were dominated by J. turbinata, while the predominant species was Quercus coccifera Linnaeus, accompanied by Phillyrea latifolia Linnaeus and Pistacia lentiscus Linnaeus, in the remaining three sites. Our results showed the presence of poorly formed juniper populations dominated by individuals with multiple trunks and rotting heartwood. Various factors contributed to the absence of regeneration, including poor soil, rocky substrate and grazing activity by a large number of free ranging goats. The broadleaf evergreen species dominated over J. turbinata along the juniper forest boundaries. Our results demonstrate that broadleaved shrubs are favoured, limiting the regeneration of juniper, stressing the importance for implementing forest conservation measures and expanding our knowledge about juniper regeneration processes.

Adams R.P., Boratiński A., Arista M., Schwarzbach A.E., Leschner H.V., Liber Z., Minissale P., Mataraci T., Avramakis M. (2013): Analysis of Juniperus phoenicea from throughout its range in the Mediterranean using DNA sequence data from nrDNA and petN-psbM: The case for the recognition of J. turbinata Guss. Phytologia, 95: 202–209.
Alrababah M.A., Alhamad M.A., Suwaileh A., Al-Gharaibeh M. (2007): Biodiversity of semi-arid Mediterranean grasslands: Impact of grazing and afforestation. Applied Vegetation Science, 10, 257-264
Anetti S. (1842): Zeichnung der Insel des Klosters von Strophades. Wien, Geographisches Institut von Eduard Hölzel.
Ben El Hadj Ali Imen, Guetat Arbi, Boussaid Mohamed (2012): Chemical and genetic variability of Thymus algeriensis Boiss. et Reut. (Lamiaceae), a North African endemic species. Industrial Crops and Products, 40, 277-284
Benelli Giovanni, Benvenuti Stefano, Scaramozzino Pier Luigi, Canale Angelo (2017): Food for honeybees? Pollinators and seed set of Anthyllis barba-jovis L. (Fabaceae) in arid coastal areas of the Mediterranean basin. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 24, 1056-1060
Danin A. (1978): Plant species diversity and ecological districts of the Sinai desert. Vegetatio, 36, -
Dimopoulos Panayotis, Raus Thomas, Bergmeier Erwin, Constantinidis Theophanis, Iatrou Gregoris, Kokkini Stella, Strid Arne, Tzanoudakis Dimitrios (2016): Vascular plants of Greece: An annotated checklist. Supplement. Willdenowia, 46, 301-347
Dzialuk Artur, Mazur Małgorzata, Boratyńska Krystyna, Montserrat Jose M., Romo Angel, Boratyński Adam (2011): Population genetic structure of Juniperus phoenicea (Cupressaceae) in the western Mediterranean Basin: gradient of diversity on a broad geographical scale. Annals of Forest Science, 68, 1341-1350
FAO (2006): Guidelines for Soil Description. Rome, FAO: 97.
Gómez-Rodríguez Carola, Díaz-Paniagua Carmen, Bustamante Javier, Serrano Laura, Portheault Alexandre (2010): Relative importance of dynamic and static environmental variables as predictors of amphibian diversity patterns. Acta Oecologica, 36, 650-658
Hammi Sanae, Simonneaux Vincent, Cordier Jean Baptiste, Genin Didier, Alifriqui Mohamed, Montes Nicolas, Auclair Laurent (2010): Can traditional forest management buffer forest depletion? Dynamics of Moroccan High Atlas Mountain forests using remote sensing and vegetation analysis. Forest Ecology and Management, 260, 1861-1872
Hegazy A.K., Hammouda O., Lovett-Doust J., Gomaa N.H. (2008): Population dynamics of Moringa peregrina along altitudinal gradient in the northwestern sector of the Red Sea. Journal of Arid Environments, 72, 1537-1551
Jovellar Lacambra L. C., Fernández de Uña L., Mezquita Santos M., Bolaños López de Lerma F., Escudero San Emeterio V. (2013): Structural characterization and analysis of the regeneration of woodlands dominated by Juniperus oxycedrus L. in west-central Spain. Plant Ecology, 214, 61-73
Kabiel Hanan F., Hegazy Ahmad K., Lovett-Doust Lesley, Al-Rowaily Saud L., Al Borki Abd El-Nasser S. (2016): Ecological assessment of populations of Juniperus phoenicea L. in the Al-Akhdar mountainous landscape of Libya. Arid Land Research and Management, 30, 269-289
López-Bermúdez Francisco, Romero-Dı́az Asunción, Martı́nez-Fernandez José, Martı́nez-Fernandez Julia (1998): Vegetation and soil erosion under a semi-arid Mediterranean climate: a case study from Murcia (Spain). Geomorphology, 24, 51-58
El-Bana Magdy, Shaltout Kamal, Khalafallah Ahmed, Mosallam Hosni (2010): Ecological status of the Mediterranean Juniperus phoenicea L. Relicts in the desert mountains of North Sinai, Egypt. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 205, 171-178
Marreiros João, Bicho Nuno (2013): Lithic technology variability and human ecodynamics during the Early Gravettian of Southern Iberian Peninsula. Quaternary International, 318, 90-101
Mathaux Coralie, Mandin Jean-Paul, Oberlin Christine, Edouard Jean-Louis, Gauquelin Thierry, Guibal Frédéric (2016): Ancient juniper trees growing on cliffs: toward a long Mediterranean tree-ring chronology. Dendrochronologia, 37, 79-88
Mazur M., Minissale P., Sciandrello S., Boratyński A. (2015): Morphological and ecological comparison of populations of Juniperus turbinata Guss. and J. phoenicea L. from the Mediterranean region. Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, 150, 313-322
Mazur Małgorzata, Zielińska Monika, Boratyńska Krystyna, Romo Angel, Salva-Catarineu Montserrat, Marcysiak Katarzyna, BoratyŃski Adam (2018): Taxonomic and geographic differentiation of Juniperus phoenicea agg. based on cone, seed, and needle characteristics. Systematics and Biodiversity, 16, 469-482
Milios Elias, Pipinis Elias, Petrou Petros, Akritidou Sofia, Smiris Paulos, Aslanidou Maria (2007): Structure and regeneration patterns of the Juniperus excelsa Bieb. stands in the central part of the Nestos valley in the northeast of Greece, in the context of anthropogenic disturbances and nurse plant facilitation. Ecological Research, 22, 713-723
Miralles Isabel, Ortega Raúl, Almendros Gonzalo, Sánchez-Marañón Manuel, Soriano Miguel (2009): Soil quality and organic carbon ratios in mountain agroecosystems of South-east Spain. Geoderma, 150, 120-128
Miralles I., Ortega R., Sánchez-Marañón M., Soriano M., Almendros G. (2007): Assessment of biogeochemical trends in soil organic matter sequestration in Mediterranean calcimorphic mountain soils (Almería, Southern Spain). Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 39: 2459–2470.
Morillas Lourdes, Bellucco Veronica, Lo Cascio Mauro, Marras Serena, Spano Donatella, Mereu Simone (2017): Contribution of biological crust to soil CO2 efflux in a Mediterranean shrubland ecosystem. Geoderma, 289, 11-19
Pritz R. K., Launchbaugh K. L., Taylor C. A. (1997): Effects of Breed and Dietary Experience on Juniper Consumption by Goats. Journal of Range Management, 50, 600-
Quézel P., Médail F. (2003): Ecologie et biogéographie des forêts du bassin méditerranéenne. Paris, Elsevier: 572.
Quézel P., Barbéro M., Benabid A., Rivas-Martinez S. (1992): Contribution a l’étude des groupements forestiers et préforestiers du Maroc oriental. Studia Botanica, 10: 57–90.
Rogosic J., Moe S.R., Skobic D., Knezovic Z., Rozic I., Zivkovic M., Pavlicevic J. (2009): Effect of supplementation with barley and activated charcoal on intake of biochemically diverse Mediterranean shrubs. Small Ruminant Research, 81, 79-84
Sanguin Hervé, Mathaux Coralie, Guibal Frédéric, Prin Yves, Mandin Jean-Paul, Gauquelin Thierry, Duponnois Robin (2016): Ecology of vertical life in harsh environments: The case of mycorrhizal symbiosis with secular cliff climbing trees (Juniperus phoenicea L.). Journal of Arid Environments, 134, 132-135
Sureda Pau, Camarós Edgard, Cueto Marian, Teira Luís C., Aceituno Francisco J., Albero Daniel, Álvarez-Fernández Esteban, Bofill Maria, López-Dóriga Inés, Marín Dioscórides, Masclans Alba, Picornell Llorenç, Revelles Jordi, Burjachs Francesc (2017): Surviving on the isle of Formentera (Balearic Islands): Adaptation of economic behaviour by Bronze Age first settlers to an extreme insular environment. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 12, 860-875
Tsiourlis G., Konstantinidis P., Xofis P. (2016): Syntaxonomy and synecology of Juniperus phoenicea L. shrublands in Greece. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 17: 182–190.
Tzanopoulos Joseph, Vogiatzakis Ioannis N. (2011): Processes and patterns of landscape change on a small Aegean island: The case of Sifnos, Greece. Landscape and Urban Planning, 99, 58-64
Vaccari F.P., Lugato E., Gioli B., D'Acqui L., Genesio L., Toscano P., Matese A., Miglietta F. (2012): Land use change and soil organic carbon dynamics in Mediterranean agro-ecosystems: The case study of Pianosa Island. Geoderma, 175-176, 29-36
Weinstein-Evron Mina (1987): Palynology of Pleistocene Travertines from the Arava Valley, Israel. Quaternary Research, 27, 82-88
Werner Christiane, Ryel Ronald J., Correia Otília, Beyschlag Wolfram (2001): Structural and functional variability within the canopyand its relevance for carbon gain and stress avoidance. Acta Oecologica, 22, 129-138
You Hana, Jin Hyeyoung, Khaldi Abdelhamid, Kwak Myeongja, Lee Taeyoon, Khaine Inkyin, Jang Jihwi, Lee Hyunkyung, Kim Iereh, Ahn Taihyeon, Song Jeonghwa, Song Yujin, Khorchani Ali, Stiti Boutheina, Woo Suyoung (2016): Plant diversity in different bioclimatic zones in Tunisia. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity, 9, 56-62
Zohary M. (1973): Geobotanical Foundations of the Middle East. Stuttgart, Gustav Fischer Verlag: 339.
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences