Evaluation of soil and litter quality indices using analysis hierarchical process (AHP) in Hyrcanian beech forest stands, Northern Iran (Case study: Korkoroud forests in Noshahr)

https://doi.org/10.17221/54/2019-JFSCitation:Karimiyan Bahnemiri A., Taheri Abkenar K., Kooch Y., Salehi A. (2019): Evaluation of soil and litter quality indices using analysis hierarchical process (AHP) in Hyrcanian beech forest stands, Northern Iran (Case study: Korkoroud forests in Noshahr). J. For. Sci., 65: 397-407.
download PDF

The present study aimed to assess four forest stands, Fagus orientalis Lipsky-Carpinus betulus L.-Acer velutinum Boiss. (FO-CB-AV), Fagus orientalis Lipsky-Carpinus betulus L. (FO-CB), Fagus orientalis Lipsky-Acer velutinum Boiss. (FO-AV), and Pure Fagus orientalis Lipsky (FO) on basis of some soil quality indices in Mazandaran Province, northern Iran. Five samples per stand were taken (0–30 cm), the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of soil were determined. Nine criteria were selected according to Principal Component Analysis as Minimum Data Set. According to the results, the highest value of litter Ca, density and biomass of earthworm, and C microbial biomass were found in FO-CB-AV. After applying the analytical hierarchy process, the calculated overall priority based on nine criteria showed that the FO-CB-AV stand had a higher ecological potential compared to the other stands. Therefore, the FO-CB-AV stand had more of appropriate conditions for improving soil quality in degraded forest regions compared to the other stands under current conditions.

Adel M.N., Pourbabaei H., Dey D. (2014): Ecological species group-Environmental factors relationships in unharvested beech forests in the north of Iran. Ecological Engineering, 69: 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.03.008
Alef K. (1995): Estimating of soil respiration. In: Alef K., Nannipieri P. (Eds.). Methods in Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry. New York, Academic Press: 464–470.
Alef Z., Nannipieri K.P. (1995): Methods in Applied Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry. London,Academic Press: 576.
Ali Asgharzad N. (2010): Laboratory methods in soil biology. Tabriz, Tabriz University Publications 522.
Allison L.E. (1975): Organic carbon. In: Black C.A. (Ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Madison, American Society of Agronomy: 1367–1378.
Aparicio V., Costa J.L. (2007): Soil quality indicators under continuous cropping systems in the Argentinean Pampas. Soil and Tillage Research, 96: 155–165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2007.05.006
Augusto L., Ranger J., Binkley D., Rothe A. (2002): Impact of several common tree species of European temperate forests on soil fertility. Annals of Forest Science, 59: 233–253. https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:2002020
Ayalew L., Yamagashi H., Marui H., Kanno T. (2005): Land slide in Sado Island of apan: part II. GIS-based susceptibility mapping with comparisons of results from two methods and verifications. Engineering Geology, 81: 432–445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2005.08.004
Ball C., Batey T., Munkholm L.J. (2007): Field assessment of soil structural quality – a development of the Peerlkamp test. Soil Use and Management, 23: 329–337. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2007.00102.x
Bayranvand M. (2015): Analysis of Morpho-Functional Structure of Humus Forms in Relation to Tree Ecological Groups. [Master Thesis.] Tarbiat, University of Tarbiat Modares Noor.
Bouyoucos G.J. (1962): Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analysis of soils. Agronomy, 56: 464–465. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1962.00021962005400050028x
Bower C.A., Reitemeier R.F., Fireman M. (1952) Exchangeable cation analysis of saline and alkali soils. Soil Science 73, 251–261 https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195204000-00001
Bremner J.M., Mulvaney C.S. (1982): Nitrogen-total. In: Page, A.L., Miller R., Keeney R.R. (Eds.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Madison, American Society of Agronomy: 595–624.
Burton J., Chen C., Xu Z., Ghadiri H. (2010): Soil microbial biomass, activity and community composition in adjacent native and plantation forests of subtropical Australia. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 10: 1267–1277. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-010-0238-y
Dijkstra A. (2003): Calcium mineralization in the forest floor and surface soil beneath different tree species in the northeastern US. Forest Ecology and Management, 175: 185–194. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00128-7
Driscoll C.T., Lawrence G.B., Bulger A.J., Butler T.J., Cronan C.S., Eagar C., Lambert K.F., Likens G.E., Stoddard J.L., Weathers K.C. (2001): Acidic deposition in the Northeastern United States: sources and inputs, ecosystem effects, and management strategies. Biosciences, 51: 180–198. https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0180:ADITNU]2.0.CO;2
Gao Y., He N., Yu G., Chen W., Wang Q. (2014): Long-term effects of different land use types on C, N, and P stoichiometry and storage in subtropical ecosystems: A case study in China. Ecological Engineering, 67: 171–181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.03.013
Ghazanshahi J. (2006): Soil and vegetation analysis. Tehran, Homa Publishing: 272.
Ghodsipoor S. (2006): Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Tehran, Amirkabir University of Technology: 220 (in Persian).
Govaerts B., Sayre K.D., Deckers J. (2006): A minimum data set for soil quality assessment of wheat and maize cropping in the highlands of Mexico. Soil Tillage Research, 87: 163–174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2005.03.005
Haghdoost N., Akbarinia M., Hosseini S.M., Kooch Y. (2011): Conversion of Hyrcanian degraded forests to plantations: Effects on soil C and N stocks. Annals of Biological Research, 2: 385–399.
Hojjati M. (2008): The impact of canopy composition on the nutritional status of an admixed spruce and beech forest at Solling. central Germany. [Ph.D Thesis.] Goettingen, University of Goettingen: 111.
Homer C.D., Pratt P.F. (1961): Methods of Analysis for Soils, Plants and Waters. University of California, Agricultural Sciences Publications, Berkeley: 309.
Haque S.S., Gupta S.D., Miah S. (2014): Deforestation effects on biological and other important soil properties in an upland watershed of Bangladesh. Journal of Forestry Research, 25: 885–877.
Jacob M. (2010): Productivity and nutrient relations of trees in deciduous forests differing in tree species diversity. Biodiversity and Ecology, Series B, 5: 147.
Jeddi K., Chaieb M. (2010): Changes in soil properties and vegetation following livestock grazing exclusion in degraded arid environments of South Tunisia. Flora-Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 205: 184–189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2009.03.002
Jafarie A., Najafie A., Panahie P. (2013): Application of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) for Evaluating OF statistics methods in urban forestry. Journal of Ecology in Forests of Iran, 1: 7.
John R., Dalling J.W., Harms K.E., Yavitt J.B., Stallard R.F., Mirabello M., Hubbell S.P., Valencia R., Navarrete H., Vallejo M., Foster R.B. (2007): Soil nutrients influence spatial distributions of tropical tree species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104: 864–869. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0604666104
Kara O., Bolat I., Cakroglu K., Senturk M. (2014): Litter Decomposition and Microbial Biomass in Temperate Forests in Northwestern Turkey. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nntrition, 14: 31–41.
Knops JM.H., Bradley K.L., Wedin D.A. (2002): Mechanism of plant species impacts on ecosystem nitrogen cycling. Ecological Letters, 5: 454–466. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2002.00332.x
Kooch Y., Theodose T.A., Samonil P. (2014): Role of deforestation on spatial variability of soil nutrients in a Hyrcanian forest. Ecopersia, 2: 779–803.
Kooch Y. (2012): Soil variability related to pit and mound, canopy cover and individual tree in a Hyrcanian Oriental Beech stand. [PhD Thesis.] Tarbiat, Tarbiat Modares University: 157.
Kooch Y., Rostayee F., Hosseini M. (2015): Soil Quality Indices in Pure and Mixed Forest Stands of Southern Caspian Region, ECOPERSIA, 3: 987–1001.
Kooch Y., Rostayee F., Hosseini S.M. (2016): Effects of tree species on topsoil properties and nitrogen cycling in natural forest and tree plantations of northern Iran. Catena, 144: 65–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2016.05.002
Kooch Y., Samadzadeh B., Hosseini S.M. (2017): The effects of broad–leaved tree species on litter quality and soil properties in a plain forest stand. Catena, 150: 223–229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2016.11.023
Kooch Y., Tavakoli Feizabadi M. (2018): Study on soil detritivors and microbial activity in understory of broad-leaved pure and mixed stands in Caspian forests. Iranian Journal of Forestry, 10: 87.
Langenbruch C., Helfrich M., Flessa H. (2012): Effects of beech (Fagus sylvatica), ash (Fraxinus excelsior) and lime (Tilia spec.) on soil chemical properties in a mixed deciduous forest. Plant Soil, 352: 389–403. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-011-1004-7
Marzaioli R., D'Ascoli R., De Pascale R.A., Rutigliano F.A. (2010): Soil quality in a Mediterranean area of Southern Italy as related to different land use types. Applied Soil Ecology, 44: 205–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2009.12.007
Nilsson S.I., Anderson S., Aleur IV, Persson T., Bergholm J., Wiren A. (2001): Influence of dolomite lime on leaching and storage of C, N and S in a Spodosol under Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.). Forest Ecology and Management, 146: 55–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00452-7
Nsabimana D., Klemedtson L., Kaplin B.A., Wallin G. (2008): Soil carbon and nutrient accumulation under forest plantations in southern Rwanda. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2: 142–149.
Olsen S.R., Dean L. (1965): Phosphourus. In: Black C.A. (Eds): Methods of soil Analysis. Maddison, American Society of Agronomic: 1044–1047.
Plaster E.J. (1985): Soil Science and Management. Albany, Delmar Publishers: 124.
Poorzady M., Bakhtiari F. (2009): Spatial and temporal changes of Hyrcanian forest in Iran. iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, 2: 198–206. https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0515-002
Reich P.B., Oleksyn J., Modrzynski J., Mrozinski P., Hobbie S., Eissenstat D.M., Chorover J., Chadwick O.A., Hale C.M., Tjoelker M.G. (2005): Linking litter calcium, earthworms and soil properties: a common garden test with 14 tree species. Ecological Letters, 8: 811–818. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00779.x
Rothe A., Ewald J., Hibbs D.E. (2003): Do admixed broadleaves improve foliar nutrient status of conifer tree crops? Forest Ecology and Management, 172: 327–338. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00800-3
Singh K., Singh B., Singh R.R. (2012): Changes in physico-chemical, microbial and enzymatic activities during restoration of degraded sodic land. ecological suitability of mixed forest over monoculture plantation. Catena, 96: 57–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2012.04.007
Shabani M. (2016): Relationship between tree types and physiographic conditions of the habitat in the northern profile of the forests, north of Iran (Case study: Golband region of Noshahr). [MSc. Thesis.] Sari, Sari University: 89.
Shepherd T.G. (2009): Visual soil assessment. Field guide for pastoral grazing and cropping on flat to rolling country. Palmerston North, Horizons Regional Council: 84. Available at http://orgprints.org/30582/1/VSA_Volume1_smaller.pdf
Sun X., Zhang X., Zhang S., Dai G., Han S., Liang W. (2013): Soil nematode responses to increases in nitrogen deposition and precipitation in a temperate forest. PLoS One, 8: 82–68. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082468
Wang W., Wei X., Liao W., Blanco J.A., Liu Y., Zhang L., Guo S. (2013): Evaluation of the effects afforests management strategies on carbon sequestration in evergreen broad–leaved (Phoebe bournei) plantation forests using forest ecosystem model. Forest Ecology and Management, 300: 21–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.06.044
Yang L., Changfa G. (2003): The method of AHP for choosing the best plan of forest region highway route. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 31: 51–52.
Zhang C., Xue S., Liu G.B., Song Z.L. (2011): A comparison of soil qualities of different vegetation types in the Loess Plateau. China, Plant Soil, 347: 163–178. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-011-0836-5
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti