The effect of low-intensive coherent seed irradiation on germinant growth of Scots pine and sugar beet

Novikov A., Bartenev I., Podvigina O., Nechaeva O., Gavrin D., Zelikov V., Novikova T., Ivetić V. (2021): The effect of low-intensive coherent seeds irradiation on germinants growth of Scots pine and sugar beet. J. For. Sci., 67: 427–435.

download PDF

The success of forest and agricultural plant establishment program mainly depends on the quality of reproductive material. The study intends to offer engineers and farm owners a solution for small-size seed improvement before sowing. The effect of low-intensity coherent light on the seeds of various crops is theoretically and empirically hypothesized. The seedlots of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) of Russian diploid hybrid RMS-127 were germinated in a controlled environment. The germinants were produced from six seed fractions, previously irradiated with 1.274 W·m–2 at the 632.8 nm wavelength with 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 15 min exposure to a standard laser system, plus untreated control. Pine germinants were measured on day 15, beetroot on day 10 after germination. An increase in exposure time reduced Scots pine germination energy and capacity, while for sugar beet the results were not conclusive. On the contrary, increasing the exposure time had a positive effect on both the height and biomass growth of both Scots pine and sugar beet germinants. The 10-min exposure time resulted in maximum values for sugar beet height and biomass and Scots pine height, while the 15-min exposure time produced maximum Scots pine biomass.

Aladjadjiyan A. (2003): The effect of pre-sowing treatment by physical methods on seed germination and growth of sprouts in some ornamental tree species II – The effect of treatment on sprout length and weight. Crop Science, 40: 278–282.
Albekov A.U., Drapalyuk M.V., Morkovina S.S., Vovchenko N.G., Novikov A.I., Sokolov S.V., Novikova T.P. (2018): Express analyzer of seed quality. RU Patent 2,675,056. Dec 14, 2018.
Brizhansky L.V. (2015): Substantiation of the parameters of stratification of drained sugar beet seeds by low-intensity laser radiation. [PhD. Thesis.] Michurinsk, Michurinsk State University.
Budagovsky A.V. (2008): Management of functional activity of plants by coherent light. [Advanced Doctoral Thesis.] Moscow, Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V.P. Goryachkin.
Chen Y.P., Liu Y.J., Wang X.L., Ren Z.Y., Yue M. (2005): Effect of microwave and He-Ne laser on enzyme activity and biophoton emission of Isatis indigotica Fort. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 47: 849–855.
Fernbach E., Mohr H. (1990): Coaction of blue/ultraviolet-A light and light absorbed by phytochrome in controlling growth of pine (Pinus sylestris L.) seedlings. Planta, 180: 212–216.
Gnilomedov V.P., Kalugina N.V. (1984): O vyseve zamochennykh semyan sakharnoy svekly. Sugar Beet, 2: 15–18 (in Russian).
Grossnickle S.C., Ivetić V. (2017): Direct seeding in reforestation – a field oerformance review. Reforesta, 4: 94–142.
Hernandez-Aguilar C., Dominguez- Pacheco A., Cruz-Orea A., Ivanov R., Carballo-Carballo A., Zepeda-Bautista R., Galindo Soria L. (2009): Laser irradiation effects on field performance of maize seed genotypes. International Agrophysics, 23: 327–332.
Ivetić V., Novikov A.I. (2019): The role of forest reproductive material quality in forest restoration. Forestry Engineering Journal, 9: 56–65.
Konev S.V., Volotovskiy I.D. (1979): Photobiologiya. Minsk, BGU Publishing: 385. (in Russian).
Maksimenko A.P., Gorbunov I.V., Dzyabko E.P. (2020): Laser application in ornamental garden. Polythematic Online Scientific Journal of Kuban State Agrarian University, 162: 170–179.
Moskvin S.V. (2008): O mekhanizmah dejstvija nizkointensivnogo lazernogo izlucheniya. In: Kovsh E.V. (ed): Laser Technologies in Agriculture. Moscow, Technosphere: 29–48. (in Russian)
Novikov A.I. (2019): Visible wave spectrometric features of Scots pine seeds: The basis for designing a rapid analyzer. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 226: 012064.
Novikov A.I., Saushkin V.V. (2018): Infrared range spectroscopy: the study of the pine seed coat parameters. Forestry Engineering Journal, 8: 30–37. (in Russian)
Novikov A.I., Ersson B.T. (2019): Aerial seeding of forests in Russia: A selected literature analysis. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 226: 012051.
Novikov A.I., Ivetić V. (2019): The effect of seed coat color grading on height of one-year-old container-grown Scots pine seedlings planted on post-fire site. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 226: 012043.
Novikov A.I., Drapalyuk M.V., Sokolov S.V., Ivetić V. (2019a): VIS-NIR wave spectrometric features of acorns (Quercus robur L.) for machine grading. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 392: 012009.
Novikov A.I., Ivetić V., Novikova T.P., Petrishchev E.P. (2019b): Scots pine seedlings growth dynamics data reveals properties for the future proof of seed coat color grading conjecture. Data, 4: 106.
Novikov A.I., Sokolov S., Drapalyuk M., Zelikov V., Ivetić V. (2019c): Performance of Scots pine seedlings from seeds graded by colour. Forests, 10: 1064.
Novikov A.I., Ersson B.T., Malyshev V.V., Petrishchev E.P., Ilunina A.A. (2020): Mechanization of coniferous seeds grading in Russia: A selected literature analysis. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 595: 012060.
Novikov A., Lisitsyn V., Tigabu M., Tylek P., Chuchupal S. (2021): Detection of Scots pine single seed in optoelectronic system of mobile grader: Mathematical modeling. Forests, 12: 240.
Plokhih V.B., Matsutsina L.B. (1985): Laser v selektsii rastenij I semenovodstve. Sugar Beet, 4: 29–31. (in Russian)
Podlesna A., Gładyszewska B., Podlesny J., Zgrajka W. (2015): Changes in the germination process and growth of pea in effect of laser seed irradiation. International Agrophysics, 29: 485–492.
Podleśny J., Stochmal A., Podleśna A., Misiak L.E. (2012): Effect of laser light treatment on some biochemical and physiological processes in seeds and seedlings of white lupine and faba bean. Plant Growth Regulation, 67: 227–233.
Podvigina O.A., Nechaeva O.M. (2019a): Lazernaja aktivacija semyan sakharnoj svekly. Agriculture and Plant Protection, 5: 41–42. (in Russian)
Podvigina O.A., Nechaeva O.M. (2019b): Ispol’zovanije lazernogo izluchenija pri aktivatsii semyan sakharnoj svekly. In: Isaitchev V.A., Bogdanov I.I. (eds): Agrarian Science and Education at the Present Stage of Development: Experience, Problems and Ways to Solve Them. Ulyanovsk, Ulyanovsk State Agrarian University: 68–70. (in Russian)
Podvigina O.A., Bartenev I.I., Gavrin D.S., Nechaeva O.M. (2019): Influence of laser treatment of sugar beet seeds on their sowing qualities. Sakharnaya Svekla, 5: 15–17. (in Russian)
Qiu Z., Li J., Zhang M., Bi Z., Li Z. (2013): He–Ne laser pretreatment protects wheat seedlings against cadmium-induced oxidative stress. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 88: 135–141.
Sagitova M.G., Dzevitskaya M.T. (1984): Ispol’zovanije izluchenija geliy-neonovogo lazera pri vyvedenii novykh form siryeni obyknovennoj. In: Problems fotoenergetika plants and higher yields. Lviv: 127. (in Russian)
Salmia M.A. (1980): Inhibitors of endogenous proteinases in Scots pine seeds: Fractionation and activity changes during germination. Physiologia Plantarum, 48: 266–270.
Skvarko K.O. (1997): Svetolazernaja aktivacija rododendronov. Lviv, 86. (in Russian)
Srećković M., Vasić R., Dukić M., Jevtić S., Jovanić P. (2014): The Influence of Diode and He-Ne Lasers on Corn and Wheat Seeds. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology B, 4: 165—175.
Tillberg E. (1992): Effect of light on abscisic acid content in photosensitive Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) seed. Plant Growth Regulation, 11: 147–152.
Voskresenskaya N.P. (1988): Nekotorye aspekty regulatornogo dejstvija sinego tsveta na vyshije rastenija. In: Rubin A.B. (ed): Molecular mechanisms of the biological action of optical radiation. Moscow, Nauka Publ.: 178–189. (in Russian)
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti