The assessment of economic indicators of National Park Administrations

https://doi.org/10.17221/61/2015-JFSCitation:Březina D., Hlaváčková P. (2016): The assessment of economic indicators of National Park Administrations. J. For. Sci., 62: 88-96.
download PDF
In the territory of the Czech Republic there are four national parks managed by their administrators. National parks are areas designed for the protection of nature and landscape, or biodiversity, i.e. rendering of public goods. National Park Administrations (NP Administrations) are specific organizations aimed at the provision of public goods; they are established by Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic and their activities are principally financed from the state budget. Since the main objective of these organisations is not the generation of profit, their economic indicators cannot be compared with those of other types of entities. The paper aims to assess selected economic indicators of organisations engaged in NP Administration. Attention was primarily focused on the most significant financial indicators for non-profit organisations – liquidity, i.e. the ability to pay. Data covered the time span of 2005–2012. The methodology used for research comprises time series modelling, calculation of correlation coefficients in combination with test of their significance, and individual simple indexes (base and chain ones). The results have drawn attention to the differences between national park administrations which are characterised, aside from nature conservation of a territory assigned by the state authorities, also by extensive economic activity, and those which were established purely for the purposes of nature conservation.
References:
Baral Nabin, Dhungana Anal (2014): Diversifying finance mechanisms for protected areas capitalizing on untapped revenues. Forest Policy and Economics, 41, 60-67  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2014.01.002
 
Baral Nabin, Stern Marc J., Bhattarai Ranju (2008): Contingent valuation of ecotourism in Annapurna conservation area, Nepal: Implications for sustainable park finance and local development. Ecological Economics, 66, 218-227  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.02.004
 
BERKES FIKRET (2004): Rethinking Community-Based Conservation. Conservation Biology, 18, 621-630  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2004.00077.x
 
Blicharska Malgorzata, Angelstam Per, Antonson Hans, Elbakidze Marine, Axelsson Robert (2011): Road, forestry and regional planners' work for biodiversity conservation and public participation: a case study in Poland's hotspot regions. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 54, 1373-1395  https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2011.575297
 
Březina D. (2014): Ekonomické aspekty správy NP Podyjí. [Ph.D. Thesis.] Brno, Mendelova univerzita v Brně: 132.
 
Březina D., Šafařík D., Hlaváčková P. (2013): LM3 – local multiplier in environmental economics. In: Fialová J., Kubíčková H. (eds): Public Recreation and Landscape Protection – with man hand in hand, Brno, Czech Republic, May 1–3, 2013: 77–81.
 
Drápela K. (2002): Statistické metódy II. Brno, Mendelova zemědělská a lesnická univerzita v Brně: 160.
 
DRNC (2015): Digital Register of the Nature Conservancy Czech Republic. Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic. Available at http://drusop.nature.cz/ (accessed May 25, 2015).
 
DUDLEY NIGEL, HIGGINS-ZOGIB LIZA, MANSOURIAN STEPHANIE (2009): The Links between Protected Areas, Faiths, and Sacred Natural Sites. Conservation Biology, 23, 568-577  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01201.x
 
Ezebilo Eugene E., Mattsson Leif (2010): Socio-economic benefits of protected areas as perceived by local people around Cross River National Park, Nigeria. Forest Policy and Economics, 12, 189-193  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2009.09.019
 
Geldmann Jonas, Coad Lauren, Barnes Megan, Craigie Ian D., Hockings Marc, Knights Kathryn, Leverington Fiona, Cuadros Ivon C., Zamora Camilo, Woodley Stephen, Burgess Neil D. (2015): Changes in protected area management effectiveness over time: A global analysis. Biological Conservation, 191, 692-699  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.08.029
 
Hein Lars, Miller Daniel C, de Groot Rudolf (2013): Payments for ecosystem services and the financing of global biodiversity conservation. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 5, 87-93  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2012.12.004
 
Hlaváčková P. (2011): Ekonomika managementu zvláště chráněných území. [Ph.D. Thesis.] Brno, Mendelova univerzita v Brně: 220.
 
Hlaváčková P., Kalousek F. (2011): Ekonomika správy národních parků v České republice. Kostelec nad Černými lesy, Lesnická práce: 124.
 
Hlaváčková P., Šafařík D. (2011): Financing of management of large-scale specially protected areas in the Czech Republic. Journal of Landscape Management, 2: 12–17.
 
Hockings M., Stolton S., Leverington F., Dudley N., Courrau J. (2006): Evaluating Effectiveness: A Framework for Assessing Management Effectiveness of Protected Areas. 2nd Ed. Gland, International Union for the Conservation of Nature: 105.
 
Juutinen Artti, Mitani Yohei, Mäntymaa Erkki, Shoji Yasushi, Siikamäki Pirkko, Svento Rauli (2011): Combining ecological and recreational aspects in national park management: A choice experiment application. Ecological Economics, 70, 1231-1239  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.02.006
 
Kraftová I. (2002): Finanční analýza municipální firmy. Praha, C. H. Beck: 206.
 
Kupčáková M. (2010): Ekonomika a správa národních parků v ČR. [Bc. Thesis.] Brno, Mendelova univerzita v Brně: 62.
 
Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic (2014a): Profit and Loss Statements of Non-profit Organisations. Data for period 2005–2009. Available at http://wwwinfo.mfcr.cz/cgi-bin/aris/iarisorg/index.pl (accessed Feb 20, 2014).
 
Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic (2014b): Profit and Loss Statements of Non-profit Organisations. Data for period 2010–2012. Available at http://wwwinfo.mfcr.cz/cgi bin/ufis/iufispdf/uvodni.pl (accessed Feb 25, 2014).
 
Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic (2014): Digital Register of the Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic. Available at http://wwwinfo.mfcr.cz/cgi-bin/aris/iarisorg/index.pl (accessed June 20, 2014).
 
Rejmanová P. (2012): Komparativní analýza správy národních parků České republiky. [MSc Thesis.] Brno, Masarykova univerzita v Brně: 113.
 
Selby Ashley, Petäjistö Leena, Huhtala Maija (2011): The realisation of tourism business opportunities adjacent to three national parks in southern Finland: entrepreneurs and local decision-makers matter. Forest Policy and Economics, 13, 446-455  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2011.04.002
 
Šafařík D., Hlaváčková P. (2014): Podniková ekonomika: pro obory Dřevařství, Stavby na bázi dřeva a Nábytek. Brno, Mendelova univerzita v Brně: 153.
 
Togridou Anatoli, Hovardas Tasos, Pantis John D. (2006): Determinants of visitors' willingness to pay for the National Marine Park of Zakynthos, Greece. Ecological Economics, 60, 308-319  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.12.006
 
Verbič Miroslav, Slabe-Erker Renata (2009): An econometric analysis of willingness-to-pay for sustainable development: A case study of the Volčji Potok landscape area. Ecological Economics, 68, 1316-1328  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.09.002
 
Wells Michael P., McShane Thomas O. (2004): Integrating Protected Area Management with Local Needs and Aspirations. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 33, 513-519  https://doi.org/10.1579/0044-7447-33.8.513
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences