Soil fertility and productivity estimation of Pinus pinaster Aiton reforestations in Central and Northeast Chalcidice in Northern Greece

https://doi.org/10.17221/68/2017-JFSCitation:Karamanoli K., Papaioannou A., Sofogianni S. (2017): Soil fertility and productivity estimation of Pinus pinaster Aiton reforestations in Central and Northeast Chalcidice in Northern Greece. J. For. Sci., 63: 470-475.
download PDF
Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton) is a notable fast-growing conifer, native to the Western Mediterranean Basin, which is considered suitable for reforestations. This tree species was artificially installed in Chalcidice, Northern Greece, about 40 years ago, in order to upgrade mountain ecosystems. The experiment reported in this paper was undertaken to estimate soil conditions and the development progress of maritime pine in the above reforestations. Samples of mineral soil and forest floor were taken from 12 different sites at 2 locations. Despite age, rather weak maritime pine trees are found in both studied locations. Furthermore, significant accumulation of organic matter and nutrients was observed in both forest floor and mineral soil.
References:
Ali Muhammad Arif, Louche Julien, Duchemin Myriam, Plassard Claude (2014): Positive growth response of Pinus pinaster seedlings in soils previously subjected to fertilization and irrigation. Forest Ecology and Management, 318, 62-70  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2014.01.006
 
Alía R, Moro J, Denis J B (1997): Performance of Pinus pinaster provenances in Spain: interpretation of the genotype by environment interaction. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 27, 1548-1559  https://doi.org/10.1139/X97-122
 
Alifragis D.A. (1984): Dynamic of nutrients and organic matter production in oak ecosystems (Q. conferta Kit.). [Ph.D. Thesis.] Thessaloniki, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki: 162. (in Greek)
 
Allen S.E., Grimshaw H.M., Rowland A.P. (1986): Chemical analysis. In: Moore P.D., Chapman S.B. (eds): Methods in Plant Ecology. 2nd Ed. Oxford, London, Blackwell Scientific Publications: 285–344.
 
Athanasiadis N. (1986): Forest Botany. Part II. Forest Trees and Shrubs of Greece. Thessaloniki, Giahoudi-Giapouli Pub-lications: 320. (in Greek)
 
Bouyoucos George John (1962): Hydrometer Method Improved for Making Particle Size Analyses of Soils1. Agronomy Journal, 54, 464-  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1962.00021962005400050028x
 
Chatzistathis A., Dafis S. (1989): Reforestations – Forest Nurseries. Thesssaloniki, Giahoudi-Giapouli Publications: 265. (in Greek)
 
Correia I., Almeida M. H., Aguiar A., Alia R., David T. S., Pereira J. S. (2008): Variations in growth, survival and carbon isotope composition ( 13C) among Pinus pinaster populations of different geographic origins. Tree Physiology, 28, 1545-1552  https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/28.10.1545
 
Ganatsas P. (1993): Stand structure and natural regeneration of spruce forest in Elatia, Drama. [Ph.D. Thesis.] Thessaloniki, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki: 206. (in Greek)
 
Ganatsas P., Papaioannou A. (1997): Accumulation of organic matter and nutrients to the forest floor and the mineral soil of spruce and beech forest ecosystems in Elatia, Drama. Scientific Annals of the School of Forestry and Natural Environment, 39: 601–614. (in Greek)
 
Gogos Μ. (1978): Pinus pinaster Ait., P. maritime Mill. Thessaloniki, Forest Research Institute of Athens: 79. (in Greek)
 
Howitt D., Cramer D. (2001): SPSS 10 Statistics for Windows. Athens, Cleidarithmos Publications: 288. (in Greek)
 
KIRKBY M. J. (1985): A basis for soil profile modelling in a geomorphic context. Journal of Soil Science, 36, 97-121  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1985.tb00316.x
 
Lindsay W. L., Norvell W. A. (1978): Development of a DTPA Soil Test for Zinc, Iron, Manganese, and Copper1. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 42, 421-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1978.03615995004200030009x
 
McLean E.O. (1982): Soil pH and lime requirement. In: Page A.L. (ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties. 2nd Ed. Madison, American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America: 199–223.
 
Olsen S.R., Sommers L.E. (1982): Phosphorus. In: Page A.L. (ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Micro-biological Properties. 2nd Ed. Madison, American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America: 403–427.
 
Papaioannou A.G. (2013): Assessment of the empirical management method of coppice chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) forests practiced by the monks and its effect on the availability of forest soil resources in Mount Athos, Greece. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 41: 317–325.
 
Prats E., Vanrell P., García-Plé C., Morey M. (1991): Relation between the litter fall rate and its accumulation on the soil of a Pinus halepensis Mill. forest in Majorca (Balearic islands, Spain). In: Teller A., Mathy P., Jeffers J.N.R. (eds): Responses of Forest Ecosystems to Environmental Changes. London, New York, Elsevier Applied Science: 688–690.
 
Spurr S.H. (1952): Forest Inventory. New York, The Ronald Press Company: 476.
 
Stevenson F.J. (1982): Nitrogen-organic forms. In: Page A.L. (ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Micro-biological Properties. 2nd Ed. Madison, American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America: 625–641.
 
Tantos B. (1997): Recycling of nutrients in the ecosystem of hybridogenous fir (Abies borisii-regis Mattf.). [Ph.D. Thesis.] Thessaloniki, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki: 160. (in Greek)
 
The Greek Biotope/Wetland Centre (1996): Specific management plan area: Mount Stratonikon (GR1270005). Available at http://www.ekby.gr/ekby/el/EKBY_PP_el.html (accessed Apr 20, 2015).
 
Thomas G.W. (1982): Exchangeable cations. In: Page A.L. (ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbi-ological Properties. 2nd Ed. Madison, American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America: 159–164.
 
Trudgill S.T. (1988): Soil and Vegetation Systems. 2nd Ed. New York, Oxford University Press: 211.
 
Tsiontsis A.I. (1991): Production and analysis of organic matter and nutrient dynamics in ecosystems of black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold). [Ph.D. Thesis.] Thessaloniki, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki: 143. (in Greek)
 
Varelides C., Kritikos T. (1995): Effect of site preparation intensity and fertilization on Pinus pinaster survival and height growth on three sites in northern Greece. Forest Ecology and Management, 73, 111-115  https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(94)03495-I
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences