Using linear mixed model and dummy variable  model approaches to construct compatible single-tree biomass equations at different scales – A case study for Masson pine in Southern China

https://doi.org/10.17221/69/2011-JFSCitation:Fu L.Y., Zeng W.S., Tang S.Z., Sharma R.P., Li H.K. (2012): Using linear mixed model and dummy variable  model approaches to construct compatible single-tree biomass equations at different scales – A case study for Masson pine in Southern China. J. For. Sci., 58: 101-115.
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The estimation of forest biomass is important for practical issues and scientific purposes in forestry. The estimation of forest biomass on a large-scale level would be merely possible with the application of generalized single-tree biomass models. The aboveground biomass data on Masson pine (Pinus massoniana) from nine provinces in southern China were used to develop generalized single-tree biomass models using both linear mixed model and dummy variable model methods. An allometric function requiring only diameter at breast height was used as a base model for this purpose. The results showed that the aboveground biomass estimates of individual trees with identical diameters were different among the forest origins (natural and planted) and geographic regions (provinces). The linear mixed model with random effect parameters and dummy model with site-specific (local) parameters showed better fit and prediction performance than the population average model. The linear mixed model appears more flexible than the dummy variable model for the construction of generalized single-tree biomass models or compatible biomass models at different scales. The linear mixed model method can also be applied to develop other types of generalized single-tree models such as basal area growth and volume models.  
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