Assessing economic pressure on the forest fund of Maramureș County – Romania C.C., Peptenatu D., Simion A.G., Pintilii R.D., Diaconu D.C., Teodorescu C., Papuc R.M., Grigore A.M., Dobrea C.R. (2016): Assessing economic pressure on the forest fund of Maramureș County – Romania. J. For. Sci., 62: 175-185.
download PDF

Romania is also included among the European Union countries where deforested areas have radically increased in recent years, with mountain areas being the most affected. The pressure on the forest fund was analysed in the Maramureş County, as one of the most deforested counties of Romania. In view of assessing the forest area evolution, forested and deforested areas have been calculated for the period 2001–2012, using the Global Forest Change 2000–2012 database provided by the Department of Geographical Sciences, Maryland University. The economic pressure quantification was monitored by developing a database on economic activities based upon the loggings carried out in the period 2001–2012. This database comprises the number of companies, their turnover, profit and the number of employees for the economic sectors causing pressure on the forest fund. The outcomes show a dramatic increase in deforested areas, amounting to over 16,500 ha in the Maramureș County. Nearly 5,000 ha have been deforested in Borșa, the commune with the largest deforested areas in the period 2000–2012, causing major imbalances to the local ecosystem.

Boucher D. (2014): How Brazil has dramatically reduced tropical deforestation. Solutions, 5: 66–75.
Braghina C., Merciu C., Peptenatu D., Dobre R., Ianos I.L. (2012): Environment management in the mining areas functionally restructured. Case study – the Petroșani Depression, Romania. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 13: 2394–2403.
Chakravarty S., Ghosh S.K., Suresh C.P., Dey A.N., Shukla G. (2012): Deforestation: Causes, effects and control strategies. In: Okia C.A.(ed.): Global Perspectives on Sustainable Forest Management. Rijeka, InTech: 1–28.
Chomitz K. M., Kumari K. (1998): The Domestic Benefits of Tropical Forests: A Critical Review. The World Bank Research Observer, 13, 13-35
Dang Phan Thu-Ha, Brouwer Roy, Davidson Marc (2014): The economic costs of avoided deforestation in the developing world: A meta-analysis. Journal of Forest Economics, 20, 1-16
Daniels S.E., Hyde W.F., Wear D.N. (1991): Distributive effects of forest service attempt to maintain community stability. Forest Science, 37: 245–260.
DeFries Ruth S., Rudel Thomas, Uriarte Maria, Hansen Matthew (): Deforestation driven by urban population growth and agricultural trade in the twenty-first century. Nature Geoscience, 3, 178-181
European Commision (2008): The EU forest action plan 2007–2011. Available at (accessed March 21, 2015).
FAO (2014): State of the World’s Forests Enhancing the socioeconomic benefits from forests. Available at (accessed March 7, 2015).
Gao Zhiqiang, Cao Xiaoming, Gao Wei (2013): The spatio-temporal responses of the carbon cycle to climate and land use/land cover changes between 1981–2000 in China. Frontiers of Earth Science, 7, 92-102
Gios G. (2008): Multifunctionality and the management of Alpine forest. In: Cesaro L., Gatto P., Pettenella D. (eds): The Multifunctional Role of Forest – Policies, Methods and Case Studies. European Forest Intitute Proceedings, Padova, Apr 24–30, 2005: 47–54.
Goio Ilaria, Gios Geremia, Pollini Claudio (2008): The development of forest accounting in the province of Trento (Italy). Journal of Forest Economics, 14, 177-196
Gonzalez M.J.G., Gonzalez A.L. (2015): Strategic planning and change management. Examples of Barcelona, Seville and Saragossa (Spain). Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, 29: 47–64.
Hansen M. C., Potapov P. V., Moore R., Hancher M., Turubanova S. A., Tyukavina A., Thau D., Stehman S. V., Goetz S. J., Loveland T. R., Kommareddy A., Egorov A., Chini L., Justice C. O., Townshend J. R. G. (): High-Resolution Global Maps of 21st-Century Forest Cover Change. Science, 342, 850-853
Juutinen Artti, Kosenius Anna-Kaisa, Ovaskainen Ville (2014): Estimating the benefits of recreation-oriented management in state-owned commercial forests in Finland: A choice experiment. Journal of Forest Economics, 20, 396-412
Murărescu Ovidiu, Murătoreanu George, Frînculeasa Mădălina (2014): Agrometeorological drought in the Romanian plain within the sector delimited by the valleys of the Olt and Buzău Rivers. Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, 12, -
Paletto A., Ferretti F., Cantiani P., De Meo I. (2012): Multi-functional approach in forest landscape management planning: an application in Southern Italy. Forest Systems, 21, 68-
Peptenatu D., Pintilii R.D., Draghici C., Merciu C., Mateescu R.D. (2012a): Management of environment risk within emergency territorial systems. Case study – the influence area of the Bucharest City. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 13: 2360–2370.
Peptenatu D., Draghici C., Merciu C. (2012b): Characteristics of entrepreneurial profile in some emergent territorial structures in Romania. Actual Problems of Economics, 138: 448–458.
Peptenatu Daniel, Sîrodoev Igor, Pravalie Remus (2013): Quantification of the aridity process in South-Western Romania. Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, 11, 5-
Petrişor A.I. (2015): Using Corine data to look at deforestation in Romania: Distribution and possible consequences. Urbanism. Architecture. Constructions, 6: 83–90.
Pintilii R.D., Andronache I.C., Simion A.G., Draghici C.C., Peptenatu D., Ciobotaru A.M., Dobrea R.C., Papuc R.M. (2016): Determining forest fund evolution by fractal analysis (Suceava-Romania). Urbanism. Architecture. Constructions, 7: 31–42.
Pir Bavaghar Mahtab (): Deforestation modelling using logistic regression and GIS. Journal of Forest Science, 61, 193-199
Prăvălie R., Sîrdoev I., Peptenatu D. (2014a): Changes in the forest ecosystems in areas impacted by aridization in south-western Romania. Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, 12: 2.
Prăvălie R., Sîrdoev I., Peptenatu D. (2014b): Detecting climate change effects on forest ecosystems in Southwestern Romania using Landsat TM NDVI data. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 24: 815–832.
Price C., Rametsteiner E., Guldin R. (2003): Substantive element “economic aspects of forests”, including “trade”. In: Buck A., Parrotta J., Wolfrum G. (eds): IUFRO Occasional Paper No. 15 – Science and Technology – Building the Future of the World’s Forests, Planted Forests and Biodiversity. Contributions to the Third Session of the United Nation Forum on Forests, Geneva, May 26–June 6, 2003: 5–8.
Romanian Court of Accounts (2013): Summary audit report on “Patrimonial situation of forests fund in Romania during 1990–2012”. Available at (accessed Apr 8, 2015). (in Romanian)
Sanchez-Cuervo Ana Maria, Aide T. Mitchell (2013): Identifying hotspots of deforestation and reforestation in Colombia (2001–2010): implications for protected areas. Ecosphere, 4, art143-
Sedjo Roger A., Wisniewski Joe, Sample Alaric V., Kinsman John D. (1995): The economics of managing carbon via forestry: Assessment of existing studies. Environmental & Resource Economics, 6, 139-165
Tempesta T., Marangon F. (2008). The total economic value of Italian forest landscapes. In: Cesaro L., Gatto P., Pettenella D. (eds): The Multifunctional Role of Forest – Policies, Methods and Case Studies. EFI Proceedings No. 55, Padova, Apr 24–30, 2005: 319–326.
Turner M G (1989): Landscape Ecology: The Effect of Pattern on Process. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 20, 171-197
UNCED (1992): United Nations conference on environment and development. Chapter 11. Available at (accessed March 26, 2015).
UNCSD (2012): Report of the United Nations conference on sustainable development. Available at (accessed Apr 3, 2015).
Vu Thu Ha Thi, Au Hang Thi, Nguyen Dinh Lam, Nguyen Thu Trang Thi, Phan The Anh, Hoang Huynh Anh (): Preparation of micro-nano-composites of TiO 2 /carbon nanostructures, C-CNT macroscopic shaping and their applications. Journal of Experimental Nanoscience, 9, 694-706
Zhang Jian, Alavalapati Janaki R.R., Shrestha Ram K., Hodges Alan W. (2005): Economic impacts of closing national forests for commercial timber production in Florida and Liberty County. Journal of Forest Economics, 10, 207-223
Zhang P. (): ECOLOGY: China's Forest Policy for the 21st Century. Science, 288, 2135-2136
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti