Characterization of natural provenances of Acacia mangium Willd. and Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex Benth. in Malaysia based on phenotypic traits M.J., Dorairaj D., Wickneswari R. (2017): Characterization of natural provenances of Acacia mangium Willd. and Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex Benth. in Malaysia based on phenotypic traits. J. For. Sci., 63: 562-576.
download PDF

Acacia mangium Willdenow and Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunningham ex Bentham and their hybrid have become important planting species in Malaysia. Due to their high demand and consumption, development of high quality planting materials is desired. Conventional breeding of Acacia Miller is slow but the utilization of marker-assisted selection breeding can expedite the breeding process. Markers associated with quantitative trait loci (QTLs) required pedigreed populations whereas association mapping can be used directly on diverse germplasm. This study was conducted to screen provenances of A. mangium and A. auriculiformis of different geographical origins for their performance under the Malaysian environment. A. mangium exhibited superior traits compared to A. auriculiformis. More trait variation was observed within and between provenances of A. auriculiformis. Provenances from Queensland (QLD) were superior to those from Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Northern Territory. The best performing provenance with all three superior traits was from Claude River QTL of A. mangium and the worst was Bensbach Western Province, PNG belonging to A. auriculiformis. For individual traits like DBH, Morehead, PNG was superior. For plant height, Morehead, PNG was the superior provenance for A. mangium and Morehead River, QLD was from A. auriculiformis. For stem straightness the A. auriculiformis provenance Jardines Garden, QTL was superior to West of Morehead (PNG) for A. mangium. Multivariate analysis grouped provenances together based on similar traits and genetic similarity. These provenances can be used for seed families which can be treated as a homogeneous population for association mapping or for the development of segregating hybrid populations for Acacia breeding. For the purpose of utilization, provenances of A. mangium can be used for sawn timber. For fuelwood and charcoal industries, A. auriculiformis provenances should be preferred by selecting multi-stemmed trees. The most variable provenances with superior phenotypic traits can be integrated with the genotypic data e.g. single nucleotide polymorphism markers for association mapping to identify quantitative trait loci for marker-assisted breeding.

Anonymous (2009): Prepare for the deluge. Nature Biotechnology, 26: 1099.
Arnold R.J., Cuevas E. (2003): Genetic variation in early growth, stem straightness and survival in Acacia crassicarpa, A. mangium and Eucalyptus urophylla in Bukidnon province, Philippines. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 15: 332–351.
Awang Kamis, Venkateswarlu Perugupalli, Nor Aini Abd.Shukor, Adjers Goran, Bhumibhamon Suree, Kietvuttinon Bopit, Pan Fuh-Juinn, Pitpreecha Kiatkong, Simsiri Apisit (1994): Three year performance of international provenance trials of Acacia auriculiformis. Forest Ecology and Management, 70, 147-158
Baharuddin J. (1987): An appraisal of the compensatory plantation programme in Peninsular Malaysia. In: Liew T.C. (ed.): Proceedings of the Seminar on Forest Plantation Development in Malaysia, Kota Kinabalu, Nov 30–Dec 4, 1987: 30–34.
Bates Douglas, Mächler Martin, Bolker Ben, Walker Steve (2015): Fitting Linear Mixed-Effects Models Using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software, 67, -
Bhumibhamon S. (1992): Problems and strategies of Eucalyptus camaldulensis plantation in Thailand. In: Horng F.W., Yang J.C. (eds): Proceedings of the Symposium on Current Development of Fast-growing Plantation Silviculture and Management in South-east Asian Region, Taipei, Apr 16–20, 1992: 15–17.
Butcher P. A., Moran G. F. (2000): Genetic linkage mapping in Acacia mangium. 2. Development of an integrated map from two outbred pedigrees using RFLP and microsatellite loci. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 101, 594-605
Ek A.R. (1982): Measurement of the forest. In: Young R.A. (ed.): Introduction to Forest Science. New York, John Wiley & Sons: 235–259.
Gapare W.J., Gware D.P., Musokonyi C. (2003): Genetic parameter estimates for growth traits and stem straightness in a breeding seedling orchard of Eucalyptus grandis. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 15: 613–625.
Ginwal H. S., Mandal A. K. (2004): Variation in Growth Performance of Acacia nilotica Willd. ex Del. Provenances of Wide Geographical Origin : Six Year Results. Silvae Genetica, 53, -
Griffin A. R., Midgley S. J., Bush D., Cunningham P. J., Rinaudo A. T. (2011): Global uses of Australian acacias - recent trends and future prospects. Diversity and Distributions, 17, 837-847
Hai P.H. (2008): Genetic improvement of plantation-grown Acacia auriculiformis for sawn timber production. [Ph.D. Thesis.] Uppsala, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences: 54.
Hardiyanto E.B. (2014): Challenges for Acacia breeders. In: Hardiyanto E.B. (ed.): Sustaining the Future of Acacia Plantation Forestry, Hue, Mar 18–21, 2014: 2–4.
Hardwood C.E., Williams E.R. (1991): A review of provenance variation in growth of Acacia mangium. In: Carron L.T., Aken K.M. (eds): Breeding Technologies for Tropical Acacias, Tawau, July 1–4, 1991: 22–30.
Hashim M.N., Aminuddin M. (1994): The use of Acacias for amenity planting and environmental conservation in Malaysia. In: Proceedings of the 3rd Meeting of the Consultative Group for Research and Development of Acacias (COGREDA), Taipei, June 28–29, 1994: 12–18.
Jahan M.S., Sabina R., Rubaiyat A. (2008): Alkaline pulping and bleaching of Acacia auriculiformis grown in Bangladesh. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 32: 339–347.
Khasa P. D., Vallée G., Bousquet J. (1994): Biological considerations in the utilization of Racosperma auriculiforme and Racosperma mangium in tropical countries with emphasis on Zaire. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 6: 422–443.
Khasa P.D., Li P., Vallée G., Magnussen S., Bousquet J. (1995): Early evaluation of Racosperma auriculiforme and R. mangium provenance trials on four sites in Zaire. Forest Ecology and Management, 78, 99-113
Kijkar S. (1992): Handbook: Vegetative Propagation of Acacia mangium × Acacia auriculiformis. ASEAN-Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre: 19.
Kojima Miho, Yamamoto Hiroyuki, Okumura Kayo, Ojio Yasuhisa, Yoshida Masato, Okuyama Takashi, Ona Toshihiro, Matsune Kenji, Nakamura Kentaro, Ide Yuji, Marsoem Sri Nugroho, Sahri Mohd Hamami, Hadi Yusuf Sudo (2009): Effect of the lateral growth rate on wood properties in fast-growing hardwood species. Journal of Wood Science, 55, 417-424
Lenth Russell V. (2016): Least-Squares Means: The R Package lsmeans. Journal of Statistical Software, 69, -
Minquan Y., Yutian Z. (1991): Results from a four-year-old tropical Acacia species/provenance trial on Hainan Island, China. In: Turnbull J.W. (ed.): Advances in Tropical Acacia Research, Bangkok, Feb 11–15, 1991: 170–172.
National Research Council (1983): Mangium and Other Fast-growing Acacias for the Humid Tropics. Washington, D.C., National Academy Press: 62.
Ng Chin-Hong, Lee Soon-Leong, Ng Kevin Kit-Siong, Muhammad Norwati, Ratnam Wickneswari (2009): Mating system and seed variation of Acacia hybrid (A. mangium × A. auriculiformis). Journal of Genetics, 88, 25-31
Nor Aini A.S., Awang K., Venkateswarlu P., Senin A.L. (1994): Three-year performance of Acacia auriculiformis provenances at Serdang, Malaysia. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agriculture Science, 17: 95–102.
Pinyopusarerk K., Luangviriyasaeng V., Rattanasavanh D. (1996): Two-year performance of Acacia and Eucalyptus species in a provenance trial in Lao PDR. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 8: 412–422.
Potter K., Rimbawanto A., Beadle C. (eds) (2006): Heart Rot and Root Rot in Tropical Acacia Plantations. Canberra, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research: 92.
Ryan P.A., Podberscek M., Raddatz C.G., Taylor D.W. (1986): Acacia species trials in southeast Queensland, Australia. In: Turnbull J.W. (ed.): Australian Acacias in Developing Countries, Gympie, Aug 4–7, 1986: 81–85.
Schoening A.G., Johansson G. (1965): Absorptiometric determination of acid-soluble lignin in semichemical bisulfite pulps and in some woods and plants. Svensk Papperstidning, 68: 607–615.
Sim B.L., Gan E. (1988): Comparative growth of five tropical acacias on four different sites in Sabah. Commonwealth Forestry Review, 67: 149–158.
(2012): Reading the Second Code: Mapping Epigenomes to Understand Plant Growth, Development, and Adaptation to the Environment. The Plant Cell, 24, 2257-2261
Tuomela Kari, Otsamo Antti, Kuusipalo Jussi, Vuokko Risto, Nikles Garth (1996): Effect of provenance variation and singling and pruning on early growth of Acacia mangium Willd. plantation on Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. dominated grassland. Forest Ecology and Management, 84, 241-249
Turnbull J.W. (ed.) (1991): Advances in Tropical Acacia Research. Canberra, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research: 234.
Vuokko R., Adjers G., Temmes M. (1992): Afforestation of Imperata cylindrica grasslands using Acacia species. In: Awang K., Taylor D.A. (eds.): Tropical Acacias in East Asia and the Pacific. Proceedings of the 1st Meeting of the Consultative Group for Research and Development of Acacias (COGREDA), Phuket City, June 1–3, 1992: 34–43.
White T.L., Hodge G.R. (1989): Predicting Breeding Values with Applications in Forest Tree Improvement. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers: 367.
Wickneswari R, Norwati M (1993): Genetic Diversity of Natural-Populations of Acacia auriculiformis. Australian Journal of Botany, 41, 65-
Wong Melissa ML, Cannon Charles H, Wickneswari Ratnam (2012): Development of high-throughput SNP-based genotyping in Acacia auriculiformis x A. mangium hybrids using short-read transcriptome data. BMC Genomics, 13, 726-
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti