Effect of wood ash mulch on growth of Scots pine seedlings after transplanting into peat soil: A pilot study

https://doi.org/10.17221/83/2017-JFSCitation:Heiskanen J., Uotila K., Ruhanen H. (2018): Effect of wood ash mulch on growth of Scots pine seedlings after transplanting into peat soil: A pilot study. J. For. Sci., 64: 9-16.
download PDF
Wood ash production from power plants and the use of recycled ash for earthworks and forest peatland fertilization have increased markedly in Finland in recent decades. In this study, effects of wood-based ash on potted Scots pine seedlings were tested in a greenhouse. Seedlings were grown for one to two growing periods in peat with ash mulch thicknesses 0–8 cm. Seedlings grew well in ash thicknesses 0–4 cm during the first growing period. Seedling mortality (60%) occurred with the thickest ash mulch. Soluble nutrients in press water extracts were high compared with the control treatment. N and P levels were suboptimal also with ash mulch. During the second growing period, seedling mortality occurred (17%) already with the thinnest ash mulch. The results suggest that ash mulch around seedlings in quantities of less than 0.5 cm (or 7 kg·m–2) is feasible and is not detrimental to Scots pine seedlings. The results provide foundation for further field research on the longer-term impacts of wood ash mulch on planted seedlings on boreal forest sites and on the feasibility testing of the mulch as a supplement to or substitute for the soil preparation for seedling planting.
Ahola M. (2014): The organization of ash fertilization: Technology and joint project. [BSc Thesis.]. Mikkeli, Mikkelin ammattikorkeakoulu: 24. (in Finnish with English abstract)
Finnish Forest Research Institute (2011): Finnish Statistical Yearbook of Forestry. Sastamala, Vammalan Kirjapaino Oy: 428.
Finnish Forest Research Institute (2014): Finnish Statistical Yearbook of Forestry. Tampere, Tammerprint Oy: 470.
Gliński J., Horabik J., Lipiec J. (eds) (2011): Encyclopedia of Agrophysics. Dordrecht, Springer: 1028.
Hänninen H., Zhang G., Rikala R., Luoranen J., Konttinen K., Repo T. (2013): Frost hardening of Scots pine seedlings in relation to the climatic year-to-year variation in air temperature. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 177, 1-9  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2013.04.004
Heiskanen Juha (2013): Effects of compost additive in sphagnum peat growing medium on Norway spruce container seedlings. New Forests, 44, 101-118  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11056-011-9304-6
Heiskanen J., Hänninen P., Koivunen M., Lindqvist M., Nieminen M., Rikala R., Seppälä J., Ylikoski M., Mäntylahti V. (1996): Viljavuustutkimuksen tulkinta metsätaimitarhoilla. Mikkeli, Viljavuuspalvelu Oy: 18.
Hillel D. (1982): Introduction to Soil Physics. San Diego, Academic Press: 392.
Hökkä Hannu, Hytönen Jyrki, Saarinen Markku (2015): The effect of scalping on seedling establishment after seed tree cutting of Scots pine stands in drained peatlands in northern Finland. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 31, 166-174  https://doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2015.1105285
Huurinainen S. (1999): Bikarbonaatti ja kasvualustan ravinteisuus turve- ja puristenesteanalyyseissä männyn paakkutaimilla. Metsätieteteen aikakauskirja No. 2/1999: 203–214.
Hytönen Jyrki (2003): Effects of wood, peat and coal ash fertilization on Scots pine foliar nutrient concentrations and growth on afforested former agricultural peat soils. Silva Fennica, 37, -  https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.503
Johansson K., Nilsson U., Orlander G. (2013): A comparison of long-term effects of scarification methods on the establishment of Norway spruce. Forestry, 86, 91-98  https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cps062
Klute A. (1986): Water retention: Laboratory methods. In: Klute A. (ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 1. Physical and Mineralogical Methods. Madison, American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America: 635–662.
Korkalainen T., Pietiläinen P., Colpaert A. (2007): The effect of total peat nitrogen on the height and volume of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stands in three fertilized and drained peatlands in northern Finland. Suo, 58: 75–85.
Laiho Raija, Laine Jukka (1994): Nitrogen and phosphorus stores in Peatlands drained for forestry in Finland. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 9, 251-260  https://doi.org/10.1080/02827589409382838
Luoranen Jaana, Viiri Heli (2012): Soil preparation reduces pine weevil (Hylobius abietis L.) damage on both peatland and mineral soil sites one year after planting. Silva Fennica, 46, -  https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.71
Maljanen M., Liimatainen M., Hytönen J., Martikainen P.J. (2014): The effect of granulated wood-ash fertilization on soil properties and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in boreal peatland forests. Boreal Environment Research, 19: 295–309.
Mcnevin Dennis, Barfprd John (2001): Inter-relationship between adsorption and pH in peat biofilters in the context of a cation-exchange mechanism. Water Research, 35, 736-744  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00305-5
Moilanen M., Hytönen J., Leppälä M. (2012): Application of wood ash accelerates soil respiration and tree growth on drained peatland. European Journal of Soil Science, 63, 467-475  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2012.01467.x
Moilanen Mikko, Silfverberg Klaus, Hokkanen Timo J (2002): Effects of wood-ash on the tree growth, vegetation and substrate quality of a drained mire: a case study. Forest Ecology and Management, 171, 321-338  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00789-7
Moilanen Mikko, Silfverberg Klaus, Hökkä Hannu, Issakainen Jorma (2005): Wood ash as a fertilizer on drained mires — growth and foliar nutrients of Scots pine. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 35, 2734-2742  https://doi.org/10.1139/x05-179
Nieminen M. (2003): Effects of clear-cutting and site preparation on water quality from a drained Scots pine mire in southern Finland. Boreal Environment Research, 8: 53–59.
Nieminen Mika, Piirainen Sirpa, Moilanen Mikko (2005): Release of mineral nutrients and heavy metals from wood and peat ash fertilizers: Field studies in Finnish forest soils. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 20, 146-153  https://doi.org/10.1080/02827580510008293
Ojala E. (2010): Selvitys puu- ja turvetuhkan lannoite- sekä muusta hyötykäytöstä. Available at https://www.metsakeskus.fi/sites/default/files/pictures/selvitys_puu-_ja_turvetuhkan_lannoite_seka_muusta_hyotykaytosta_energiateollisuus_2010.pdf
Örlander G., Wallertz K. (2007): Asa-mockan. Rapport No. 4. Lammhult, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Asa försökspark: 24.
Pearson Meeri, Saarinen Markku, Minkkinen Kari, Silvan Niko, Laine Jukka (2011): Mounding and scalping prior to reforestation of hydrologically sensitive deep-peated sites: factors behind Scots pine regeneration success. Silva Fennica, 45, -  https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.98
Piirainen Sirpa, Domisch Timo, Moilanen Mikko, Nieminen Mika (2013): Long-term effects of ash fertilization on runoff water quality from drained peatland forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 287, 53-66  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.09.014
Raulo J., Mälkönen E. (1975): Natural regeneration of birch (Betula verrucosa Ehrh. and B. pubescens Ehrh.) on tilled mineral soil. Folia Forestalia No. 252/1975: 1–15. (in Finnish with English summary)
Repo Tapani, Zhang Gang, Ryyppö Aija, Rikala Risto, Vuorinen Martti (2000): The relation between growth cessation and frost hardening in Scots pines of different origins. Trees, 14, 456-464  https://doi.org/10.1007/s004680000059
Rikala R., Huurinainen S. (1990): Effect of fertilization on the nursery growth and outplanting success of two-year-old containerized Scots pine seedlings. Folia Forestalia No.745/1990: 1–16. (in Finnish with English summary)
Rikala Risto, Jozefek Helen (1990): Effect of dolomite lime and wood ash on peat substrate and development of tree seedlings.. Silva Fennica, 24, -  https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a15586
Saarsalmi Anna, Smolander Aino, Moilanen Mikko, Kukkola Mikko (2014): Wood ash in boreal, low-productive pine stands on upland and peatland sites: Long-term effects on stand growth and soil properties. Forest Ecology and Management, 327, 86-95  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2014.04.031
Uotila Karri, Rantala Juho, Saksa Timo (2012): Estimating the need for early cleaning in Norway spruce plantations in Finland. Silva Fennica, 46, -  https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.919
Uotila Karri, Rantala Juho, Saksa Timo, Harstela Pertti (2010): Effect of soil preparation method on economic result of Norway spruce regeneration chain. Silva Fennica, 44, -  https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.146
Uotila Karri, Saksa Timo, Rantala Juho, Kiljunen Nuutti (2014): Labour consumption models applied to motor-manual pre-commercial thinning in Finland. Silva Fennica, 48, -  https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.982
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti