Growth parameters of Pinus nigra J.F. Arnold and Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. plantations and their impact on understory woody plants in above-timberline mountain areas in the north of Iran

https://doi.org/10.17221/84/2018-JFSCitation:Tavankar F., Rafie H., Latterini F., Nikooy M., Senfett M., Keivan Behjou F., Maleki M. (2018): Growth parameters of Pinus nigra J.F. Arnold and Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. plantations and their impact on understory woody plants in above-timberline mountain areas in the north of Iran. J. For. Sci., 64: 416-426.
download PDF

We investigated the growth parameters of 20-year-old plantations of Pinus nigra J.F. Arnold and Picea abies (Linnaeus) H. Karsten and their impact on understory woody plants and we compared them with a natural stand in above-timberline mountain areas. 30 sample plots (each of 400 m2 in area) were systematically established on each site. Tree height, DBH, collar diameter, crown diameter and crown length of all trees were measured in each sample plot. The results of the diameter growth analysis of both species covered by this study showed higher numerical values in P. nigra than in P. abies. On the contrary, what was observed for data concerning height growth, showed higher numerical values in P. abies than in P. nigra. These conclusions showed that P. nigra has a lower slenderness ratio than the other species and is therefore more resistant to the adverse weather. Considering the effects on biodiversity, the planting of P. nigra showed a significant increase in density and species richness of woody plants while it decreased the diversity and evenness compared to the natural stands and plantations of P. abies.

References:
Amoroso V.B., Laraga S.H., Calzada B.V. (2011): Diversity and assessment of plants in Mt. Kitanglad Range Natural Park, Bukidnon, Southern Philippines. The Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 63: 219–236.
 
Anonymous (2005): Plantation Report. Ardabil, Ardabil Natural Resources Office: 37.
 
Bonyad A. (2006): Silvicultural thinning intensity effects on increasing the growth of planted loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) stands in Northern Iran. Taiwan Journal of Forest Science, 21: 317–326.
 
Bonyad A., Tavankar F. (2014): Resistance of tree species to snow damage in Nav Asalem forests, Guilan province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 22: 498–508.
 
Brockerhoff E.G., Jactel H., Parrotta J.A., Quine C.P., Sayer J. (2008): Plantation forests and biodiversity: Oxymoron or opportunity? Biodiversity and Conservation, 17: 925–951.
 
Brosofske K.D., Chen J., Crow T.R. (2001): Understory vegetation and site factors: implications for a managed Wisconsin landscape. Forest Ecology and Management, 146, 75-87  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00447-3
 
Brown C., Ball J. (2007): World View of Plantation Grown Wood. Rome, Forestry Department, FAO: 16.
 
Burton P. J., Balisky A. C., Coward L. P., Kneeshaw D. D., Cumming S. G. (1992): The value of managing for biodiversity. The Forestry Chronicle, 68, 225-237  https://doi.org/10.5558/tfc68225-2
 
Cambi M., Grigolato S., Neri F., Picchio R., Marchi E. (2016): Effects of forwarder operation on soil physical characteristics: A case study in the Italian Alps. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 37: 233–239.
 
Cambi Martina, Paffetti Donatella, Vettori Cristina, Picchio Rodolfo, Venanzi Rachele, Marchi Enrico (2017): Assessment of the impact of forest harvesting operations on the physical parameters and microbiological components on a Mediterranean sandy soil in an Italian stone pine stand. European Journal of Forest Research, 136, 205-215  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-016-1020-5
 
Carnevale Nélida J, Montagnini Florencia (2002): Facilitating regeneration of secondary forests with the use of mixed and pure plantations of indigenous tree species. Forest Ecology and Management, 163, 217-227  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00581-3
 
Carnus J.M., Parrotta J., Brockerhoff E., Arbez M., Jactel H., Kremer A., Lamb D., O’Hara K., Walters B. (2006): Planted forests and biodiversity. Journal of Forestry, 104: 65–77.
 
Chiarucci A. (1996): Species diversity in plant communities on ultramafic soils in relation to pine afforestation. Journal of Vegetation Science, 7, 57-62  https://doi.org/10.2307/3236416
 
Clough M. E. (1991): Comparison of aluminium, basic cations and acidity in the soil of indigenous forests and pine stands in the southern Cape. South African Journal of Plant and Soil, 8, 177-183  https://doi.org/10.1080/02571862.1991.10634830
 
Corona P., Ascoli D., Barbati A., Bovio G., Colangelo G., Elia M., Garfi V., Iovino F., Lafortezza R., Leone V., Lovreglio R., Marchetti M., Marchi E., Menguzzato G., Nocentini S., Picchio R., Portoghesi L., Puletti N., Sanesi G., Chianucci F. (2015): Integrated forest management to prevent wildfires under Mediterranean environments. Annals of Silvicultural Research, 39: 1–22.
 
De Martonne E. (1926): Une nouvelle fonction climatologique: L’indice d’aridité. La Meteorologie, 2: 449–458.
 
Eshaghi Rad J., Ghaffarnejad P., Banedg Shafiee A. (2014): Quantitative evaluation of Pinus nigra plantation and its effect on plant diversity and soil chemical properties of rangeland ecosystems (case study: Urmia airport plantation). Iranian Journal of Forest, 6: 471–482. (in Persian)
 
FAO (2005): Global Forest Resources Assessment Program: Islamic Republic of Iran. Country Report No. 175. Rome, FAO: 41.
 
Fattahi M. (1994): Reforestation of North West Oak Forest of Iran with Some Softwood and Hardwood Species. Tehran, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands: 51. (in Persian)
 
Ganesh T., Ganesan R., Soubadra Devy M., Davidar P., Bawa K. (1996): Assessment of plant biodiversity at a mid-elevation evergreen forest of Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Western Ghats, India. Current Science, 71: 379–392.
 
Ghasemi Aghbash F., Jalali G.A., Teymourzadeh A., Hosseini M. (2006): A quantitative and qualitative study of Picea excelsa and Pinus nigra in Fandoghloo Forest Reserve. Iranian Journal of Natural Resources, 59: 131–138. (in Persian)
 
Gholizadeh M.N., Kia-Daliri S., Mahdavi R., Faraji Pool R. (2011): Elimination trial with exotic needle-leaved species in the Caspian forests of Iran at three elevations of Nowshahr region. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 19: 301–311. (in Persian)
 
Hansen Andrew J., Garman Steven L., Weigand James F., Urban Dean L., McComb William C., Raphael Martin G. (1995): Alternative Silvicultural Regimes in the Pacific Northwest: Simulations of Ecological and Economic Effects. Ecological Applications, 5, 535-554  https://doi.org/10.2307/1941965
 
Hansen A. J., Spies T. A., Swanson F. J., Ohmann J. L. (1991): Conserving Biodiversity in Managed Forests. BioScience, 41, 382-392  https://doi.org/10.2307/1311745
 
Hartley Mitschka J. (2002): Rationale and methods for conserving biodiversity in plantation forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 155, 81-95  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00549-7
 
Jaakko P. (1999): Global Outlook for Plantations. ABARE Research Report 99.9. Canberra, Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics: 99.
 
Khanhasani M., Sharifi M., Tavakoli A. (2009): Alteration in composition of understory plants in pine plantations with different ages in Kermanshah province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 17: 188–199. (in Persian)
 
Koonkhunthod Narong, Sakurai Katsutoshi, Tanaka Sota (2007): Composition and diversity of woody regeneration in a 37-year-old teak (Tectona grandis L.) plantation in Northern Thailand. Forest Ecology and Management, 247, 246-254  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.04.053
 
Krebs J.C. (1999): Ecological Methodology. New York, Harper and Row Publishers, Inc.: 654.
 
Leege Lissa M, Murphy Peter G (2000): Growth of the non-native Pinus nigra in four habitats on the sand dunes of Lake Michigan. Forest Ecology and Management, 126, 191-200  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(99)00085-7
 
Lindenmayer D.B., Hobbs R.J. (2004): Fauna conservation in Australian plantation forests – a review. Biological Conservation, 119, 151-168  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2003.10.028
 
Lugo Ariel E. (1992): Comparison of Tropical Tree Plantations with Secondary Forests of Similar Age. Ecological Monographs, 62, 1-41  https://doi.org/10.2307/2937169
 
Marchi Enrico, Picchio Rodolfo, Spinelli Raffaele, Verani Stefano, Venanzi Rachele, Certini Giacomo (2014): Environmental impact assessment of different logging methods in pine forests thinning. Ecological Engineering, 70, 429-436  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.06.019
 
Marvi Mohadjer M.R. (2012): Silviculture. Tehran, University of Tehran Press: 387. (in Persian)
 
Montagnini F., Gonzalez E., Porras C., Rheingans R. (1995): Mixed and pure forest plantations in the humid neotropics: A comparison of early growth, pest damage and establishment costs. The Commonwealth Forestry Review, 74: 306–314.
 
Moore S.E., Allen E.L. (1999): Plantation forestry. In: Hunter M.L. Jr. (ed.): Maintaining Biodiversity in Forest Ecosystems. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press: 400–433.
 
Mosadegh A. (2005): Silviculture. Tehran, University of Tehran Press: 481. (in Persian)
 
Nagaike Takuo (2002): Differences in plant species diversity between conifer (Larix kaempferi) plantations and broad-leaved (Quercus crispula) secondary forests in central Japan. Forest Ecology and Management, 168, 111-123  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00734-4
 
Nagaike T.A., Hayashi A., Kubo M., Abe M.N., Arai N. (2006): Plant species diversity in a managed forest landscape composed of Larix kaempferi plantations and abandoned coppice forests in Central Japan. Forest Science, 52: 324–332.
 
Newmaster Steven G, Bell F Wayne, Roosenboom Christopher R, Cole Heather A, Towill William D (2006): Restoration of floral diversity through plantations on abandoned agricultural land. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 36, 1218-1235  https://doi.org/10.1139/x06-021
 
Özel H.B., Ertekin M. (2010): Investigation of relationship between some climate factors and height increment in black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold ssp. pallasiana (Lamb.) Holmboe) and Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in the Devrek-Akçasu district. Ecological Life Sciences, 5: 376–389.
 
Paritsis Juan, Aizen Marcelo A. (2008): Effects of exotic conifer plantations on the biodiversity of understory plants, epigeal beetles and birds in Nothofagus dombeyi forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 255, 1575-1583  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.11.015
 
Parrotta John A, Turnbull John W, Jones Norman (1997): Catalyzing native forest regeneration on degraded tropical lands. Forest Ecology and Management, 99, 1-7  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(97)00190-4
 
Picchio R., Tavankar F., Nikooy M., Venanzi R., Lo Monaco A. (2018): Study of forest road effect on tree community and stand structure in three Italian and Iranian temperate forests. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 39: 57–70.
 
Picchio Rodolfo, Neri Francesco, Petrini Enrico, Verani Stefano, Marchi Enrico, Certini Giacomo (2012): Machinery-induced soil compaction in thinning two pine stands in central Italy. Forest Ecology and Management, 285, 38-43  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.08.008
 
Picchio R., Neri F., Maesano M., Savelli S., Sirna A., Blasi S., Baldini S., Marchi E. (2011): Growth effects of thinning damage in a Corsican pine (Pinus laricio Poiret) stand in central Italy. Forest Ecology and Management, 262, 237-243  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2011.03.028
 
Pourbabaei H., Poorrahmati G. (2009): Plant species diversity in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) and sugi (Cryptomeria japonica D. Don.) plantations in the Western Guilan, Iran. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 1: 38–44.
 
POURBABAEI HASSAN (2012): Effect of plantations on plant species diversity in the Darabkola, Mazandaran Province, North of Iran. Biodiversitas, Journal of Biological Diversity, 13, 72-78  https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d130204
 
POURBABAEI HASSAN (2013): Effect of gap size of selective cutting method on plant species diversity and composition in beech (Fagus orientalis) forests, Ramsar, Mazandaran Province, North of Iran. Biodiversitas, Journal of Biological Diversity, 14, 89-94  https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d140206
 
Richardson D. M., Macdonald I. A.W., Forsyth G. G. (1989): Reductions in Plant Species Richness under Stands of Alien Trees and Shrubs in the Fynbos Biome. South African Forestry Journal, 149, 1-8  https://doi.org/10.1080/00382167.1989.9628986
 
Roberts Mark R., Gilliam Frank S. (1995): Patterns and Mechanisms of Plant Diversity in Forested Ecosystems: Implications for Forest Management. Ecological Applications, 5, 969-977  https://doi.org/10.2307/2269348
 
Sharma C.M., Suyal S., Gairola S., Ghildiyal S.K. (2009): Species richness and diversity along an altitudinal gradient in moist temperate forest of Garhwal Himalaya. Journal of American Science, 5: 119–128.
 
Solberg B. (ed.) (1996): Long-term Trends and Prospects in World Supply and Demand for Wood and Implications for Sustainable Forest Management. EFI Research Report No. 6. Joensuu, European Forest Institute: 150.
 
Tabari M., Rostamabadi A., Salehi A. (2011): Comparison of plant diversity and stand characteristics in Alnus subcordata C.A. Mey. and Taxodium distichum (L.) L.C. Rich. Ecologia Balkanica, 3: 15–24.
 
TAVANKAR FARZAM (2015): Effects of timber harvest on structural diversity and species composition in hardwood forests. Biodiversitas, Journal of Biological Diversity, 16, 1-9  https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d160101
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti