Relation between selected indicators of forest stand diversity and quality of timber production in managed Central European forests

https://doi.org/10.17221/94/2015-JFSCitation:Merganič J., Merganičová K., Marušák R., Tipmann L., Šálek L., Dragoun L., Stolariková R. (2016): Relation between selected indicators of forest stand diversity and quality of timber production in managed Central European forests. J. For. Sci., 62: 97-106.
download PDF
The present study examines the relationship between the quality of timber production and the species and structural diversity of forest stands. The data used came from a regional forest inventory of the University Forest Enterprise “Kostelec nad Černými lesy”, Czech Republic. The inventory was performed from 2009 to 2011 on 1,188 sample plots that represented 86 strata defined by the combination of three variables: site (5 categories), age (12 categories) and canopy cover (5 categories). On each sample plot, we quantified 171 partial biodiversity indicators that represented species or structural diversity. The quality of timber production was specified by four indicators quantified using local assortment tables. In total, we analysed 58,824 univariate linear regressions describing the relationships between diversity indicators and timber quality in individual strata. The results revealed that their relationship changes with stand age. The proportion of the best-quality assortments increases with the increasing species richness in all age categories.
References:
Baroni-Urbani Cesare, Buser Mauro W. (1976): Similarity of Binary Data. Systematic Zoology, 25, 251-  https://doi.org/10.2307/2412493
 
Belote R. Travis, Prisley Steve, Jones Robert H., Fitzpatrick Matthew, de Beurs Kirsten (2011): Forest productivity and tree diversity relationships depend on ecological context within mid-Atlantic and Appalachian forests (USA). Forest Ecology and Management, 261, 1315-1324  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2011.01.010
 
Berger W. H., Parker F. L. (1970): Diversity of Planktonic Foraminifera in Deep-Sea Sediments. Science, 168, 1345-1347  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.168.3937.1345
 
Boyce R. (2003): Choosing the best similarity index when performing fuzzy set ordination on abundance data. Available at http://www.nku.edu/~boycer/ESA03b.pdf (accessed Oct 16, 2015).
 
Bray J. Roger, Curtis J. T. (1957): An Ordination of the Upland Forest Communities of Southern Wisconsin. Ecological Monographs, 27, 325-  https://doi.org/10.2307/1942268
 
Brillouin Leon, Hellwarth R. W. (1956): Science and Information Theory. Physics Today, 9, 39-  https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3059856
 
Czekanowski J. (1909): Zur differential Diagnose der Neandertalgruppe. Korrespondenz-Blatt der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, 40: 44–47.
 
Danilovic Milorad (2006): Effect of quality factors especially of sweep of poplar trees on assortment structure. Glasnik ?umarskog fakulteta, , 135-150  https://doi.org/10.2298/GSF0694135D
 
Danilovic Milorad (2008): Assessment of the effect of quality factors on the assortment structure in poplar plantations. Glasnik ?umarskog fakulteta, , 127-145  https://doi.org/10.2298/GSF0897127D
 
Duduman G. (): A forest management planning tool to create highly diverse uneven-aged stands. Forestry, 84, 301-314  https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpr014
 
Elands Birgit H.M, Wiersum K.Freerk (2001): Forestry and rural development in Europe: an exploration of socio-political discourses. Forest Policy and Economics, 3, 5-16  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1389-9341(00)00027-7
 
European Environment Agency (2014): Climate change. Available at http://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/climate/intro (accessed Oct 16, 2015).
 
Fox T.R., Haas C.A., Smith D.W., Loftis D.L., Zedaker S.M., Jones R.H., Hammett A.L. (2006): Alternative silvicultural practices in appalachian forest ecosystems: Implications for species diversity, ecosystem resilience, and commercial timber production. In: Buckley D.S., Clatterbuck W.K. (eds): Proceedings of 15th Central Hardwood Forest Conference, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Feb 27–Mars 1, 2006: 276–280.
 
Fritz P. (2006): Ökologischer Waldumbau in Deutschland – Fragen, Antworten, Perspektiven. München, Oekom: 360.
 
Gadow K., Zhang C.Y., Wehenkel C., Pommerening A., Rivas J.C., Korol M., Myklush S., Hui G.Y., Kiviste A., Zhao X.H. (2012): Forest structure and diversity. In: Pukkala T., Gadow K. (eds): Continuous Cover Forestry: Managing Forest Ecosystems 23. 2nd Ed. Dordrecht, Springer Science + Business Media B.V.: 29–84.
 
Gluck P., Weiss G. (eds) (1996): Forestry in the context of rural development: Future research needs. In: EFI Proceeding No. 15, Vienna, April 15–17, 1996: 173.
 
Guldin J.M. (1996): The role of uneven-aged silviculture in the context of ecosystem management. Western Journal of Applied Forestry, 11: 4–12.
 
Heip C. (1974): A New Index Measuring Evenness. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 54, 555-  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315400022736
 
Hill M. O. (1973): Diversity and Evenness: A Unifying Notation and Its Consequences. Ecology, 54, 427-  https://doi.org/10.2307/1934352
 
Holubec V., Halounová L. (2015): Impact of particular indicators of urban development of cities in the Czech Republic on average road traffic intensity. In: Ivan I., Benenson I., Jiang B., Horák J., Haworth J., Inspektor T. (eds): Geoinformatics for Intelligent Transportation. Lecture Notes in Geoinformatics and Cartography. Cham, Springer International Publishing Switzerland: 77–92.
 
Honnay O., Degroote B., Hermy M. (1998): Ancient-forest plant species in western Belgium: A species list and possible ecological mechanisms. Belgian Journal of Botany, 130: 139–154.
 
Honnay Olivier, Hermy Martin, Coppin Pol (1999): Impact of habitat quality on forest plant species colonization. Forest Ecology and Management, 115, 157-170  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(98)00396-X
 
Hooper D. (2014): On beyond S: Why other metrics of biodiversity can tell more about ecosystem services than species richness. The International Forestry Review, 16: 13.
 
Johann E. (2004): Landscape Changes in the History of the Austrian Alpine Regions: Ecological Development and the Perception of Human Responsibility. In: Honnay O., Verheyen K., Bossuyt B., Hermy M. (eds): Forest Biodiversity: Lessons from History for Conservation. Trowbridge, IUFRO, CABI Publishing: 27–40.
 
Knoke Thomas, Ammer Christian, Stimm Bernd, Mosandl Reinhard (2008): Admixing broadleaved to coniferous tree species: a review on yield, ecological stability and economics. European Journal of Forest Research, 127, 89-101  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-007-0186-2
 
Lance G. N., Williams W. T. (1966): Computer Programs for Hierarchical Polythetic Classification ("Similarity Analyses"). The Computer Journal, 9, 60-64  https://doi.org/10.1093/comjnl/9.1.60
 
Lawesson J.E. (2004): Ancient forests in Denmark and the importance of Tilia. In: Honnay O., Verheyen K., Bossuyt B., Hermy M. (eds): Forest Biodiversity: Lessons from History for Conservation. Trowbridge, IUFRO, CABI Publishing: 97–115.
 
Lei Xiangdong, Wang Weifeng, Peng Changhui (2009): Relationships between stand growth and structural diversity in spruce-dominated forests in New Brunswick, Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 39, 1835-1847  https://doi.org/10.1139/X09-089
 
Lexerød Nils L., Eid Tron (2006): An evaluation of different diameter diversity indices based on criteria related to forest management planning. Forest Ecology and Management, 222, 17-28  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.10.046
 
Liang J., Buongiorno J., Monserud R.A. (2007): Optimizing wood quality and stand diversity in uneven-aged forest management. In: Dykstra D.P., Monserud R.A. (eds): Forest Growth and Timber Quality: Crown Models and Simulation Methods for Sustainable Forest Management. Proceedings of an International Conference, Portland, Aug 7–10, 2007: 169–176.
 
Long J. N., Shaw J. D. (): The influence of compositional and structural diversity on forest productivity. Forestry, 83, 121-128  https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpp033
 
Margalef R. (1958): Information theory in ecology. General Systematics, 3: 36–71.
 
McIntosh Robert P. (1967): An Index of Diversity and the Relation of Certain Concepts to Diversity. Ecology, 48, 392-  https://doi.org/10.2307/1932674
 
Menhinick Edward F. (1964): A Comparison of Some Species-Individuals Diversity Indices Applied to Samples of Field Insects. Ecology, 45, 859-  https://doi.org/10.2307/1934933
 
Merganič J., Marušák R., Merganičová K., Tipmann L., Stolariková R., Audolenská V. (2012): Sampling design for integrated noncash and economic valuation of biodiversity – case study. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, 43, 145-152  https://doi.org/10.7160/sab.2012.430404
 
Petráš R., Nociar V. (1990): Nové sortimentačné tabuľky hlavných listnatých drevín. Lesnícky časopis – Forestry Journal, 36: 535–552.
 
Petráš R., Nociar V. (1991): Nové sortimentačné tabuľky hlavných ihličnatých drevín. Lesnícky časopis – Forestry Journal, 37: 377–392.
 
Petráš R., Pajtík J. (1991): Sústava česko-slovenských objemových tabuliek drevín. Lesnícky časopis – Forestry Journal, 37: 49–56.
 
Pielou E.C. (1975): Ecological Diversity. New York, Wiley: 165.
 
Pielou E.C. (1977): Mathematical Ecology. New York, Wiley: 385.
 
Pretzsch H. (1996): Strukturvielfalt als Ergebnis Waldbaulichen Handels. Allgemeine Forst- und Jagdzeitung, 167: 213–221.
 
Pretzsch H. (2005): Diversity and productivity in forests: Evidence from long-term experimental plots. In: Scherer-Lorenzen M., Körner C., Schulze E.D. (eds): Forest Diversity and Function: Temperate and Boreal Systems. Berlin Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag: 41–64.
 
Pretzsch H. (2009): Forest Dynamics, Growth and Yield. Berlin Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag: 664.
 
Pretzsch H. (2012): Räumliche und zeitliche Variation von Mischungseffekten in Abhängigkeit von Umweltbedingungen. In: Nagel J. (ed.): Tagungsband der Jahrestagung 2012 der Sektion Ertragskunde des Deutschen Verbandes Forstlicher Forschungsanstalten, Ottenstein, May 21–23, 2012: 44–55.
 
Prka M. (2012): Impact of sustainable management of natural even-aged beech stands on assortment structure of beech in Croatia. In: Oteng-Amoako A.A.(ed.): New Advances and Contributions to Forestry Research. Rijeka, InTech: 171–196.
 
Prka M., Krpan A.P.B. (2010): Impact of tending measures on assortment structure of fellings in central Croatian beech stands. Acta Silvatica et Lignaria Hungarica, 6: 171–182.
 
Rothe Andreas, Binkley Dan (2001): Nutritional interactions in mixed species forests: a synthesis. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 31, 1855-1870  https://doi.org/10.1139/x01-120
 
Schelhaas Mart-Jan, Nabuurs Gert-Jan, Schuck Andreas (2003): Natural disturbances in the European forests in the 19th and 20th centuries. Global Change Biology, 9, 1620-1633  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2486.2003.00684.x
 
Schmithüsen F. (2007): Multifunctional forestry practices as a land use strategy to meet increasing private and public demands in modern societies. Journal of Forest Science, 53: 290–298.
 
Shannon C., Weaver W. (1949): The Mathematical Theory of Communication. Urbana, University of Illinois Press: 117.
 
SIMPSON E. H. (1949): Measurement of Diversity. Nature, 163, 688-688  https://doi.org/10.1038/163688a0
 
Sørensen T. (1948): A Method of Establishing Groups of Equal Amplitude in Plant Sociology Based on Similarity of Species and its Application to Analyses of the Vegetation on Danish Commons. Copenhagen, Munksgaard: 34.
 
Spiecker Heinrich (2003): Silvicultural management in maintaining biodiversity and resistance of forests in Europe—temperate zone. Journal of Environmental Management, 67, 55-65  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-4797(02)00188-3
 
Wang W., Lei X., Ma Z., Kneeshaw D.D., Peng C. (2011): Positive relationship between aboveground carbon stocks and structural diversity in spruce-dominated forest stands in New Brunswick, Canada. Forest Science, 57: 506–515.
 
Zhou P., Luukkanen O., Tokola T., Hares M. (2009): Comparison of forest stand characteristics and species diversity indices under different human impacts along an altitudinal gradient. Fennia, 187: 17–30.
 
Zlatník A. (1976): Lesnická fytocenologie. Praha, SZN: 495.
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences