Forestry violations as a global issue of legal regulation in the field of forest control and supervision: the Krasnodar territory and the Republic of Bashkortostan case study

Iksanov R., Khalikova O., Vladimirov I., Gizzatullin R., Baiturina R., Kovshov V., Selezneva A., Khasanova S. (2021): Forestry violations as a global issue of legal regulation in the field of forest control and supervision: the Krasnodar territory and the Republic of Bashkortostan case study. J. For. Sci., 67: 272–284.

supplementary materialdownload PDF

Control and supervision activities in the field of forest management are a type of activity of state authorities to detect, prevent forest violations. The purpose of this study is to analyse the dynamics and nature of violations in the forest sector on the example and in comparison of such regions of Russia as the Krasnodar territory and the Republic of Bashkortostan. The research methodology is selected taking into account the characteristics of the object under study. With the assistance of employees of the environmental inspectorate, search operations were organized in the areas where the greatest amount of forest damage occurs in the studied regions. The authors concluded that one of the reasons for the existing problems is the lack of interest of the state in the development of this sector of economy. The paper focuses on specific types of forest violations and the problems of their prevention. The authors believe that illegal logging belongs to the most common and socially dangerous forest violations. The article concludes that when adopting new regulations for control and supervisory activities in the field of forest management, the legislator must take into account requirements of administrative reform, regulatory guillotine, and risk-based approach.

Agyei F.K., Hansen C.P., Acheampong E. (2019): “Forestry officials don’t have any land or rights here”: Authority of politico-legal institutions along Ghana’s charcoal commodity chain. Journal of Rural Studies, 72: 264–272.
Ahmed Y.M., Oruonye E.D. (2017): Challenges of enforcement of forestry legislation in Taraba State, Nigeria. International Journal of Geography and Geology, 6: 48–57.
Asylbaev I.G., Gabbasova I.M., Khabirov I.K., Garipov T., Lukmanov N., Rafikov B.V., Kiseleva A., Khuzhakhmetova G., Mukhamedyanova A., Mustafin R.F. (2018): Bioaccumulation of chemical elements by old-aged pine trees in the southern Urals. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 8746–8751.
Baur J.W.R., Cerveny L. (2019): Social impacts of homelessness and long-term occupancy on national forests and grasslands: A national study of U.S. Forest Service law enforcement officers. Landscape and Urban Planning, 184: 69–77.
Bența A.E. (2017): The forest offences and the national security of Romania. International Conference Knowledge-Based Organization, 23: 38–43.
Chankrajang T. (2019): State-community property-rights sharing in forests and its contributions to environmental outcomes: Evidence from Thailand’s community forestry. Journal of Development Economics, 138: 261–273.
Colaço R., Simão J. (2018): Disclosure of corporate social responsibility in the forestry sector of the Congo Basin. Forest Policy and Economics, 92: 136–147.
Ditsevich Ya.B., Belykh O.A., Rusetskaya G.D. (2017): Countering crime in the field of forestry: Problems and prospects. All-Russian Criminological Journal, 11: 308–317.
Elvan O.D. (2014): Forest offences in 21st century Turkey (with the example for the offender and trial period of illegal use of the forests in Istanbul). International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, 42: 324–339.
Erbaugh J.T. (2019): Responsibilization and social forestry in Indonesia. Forest Policy and Economics, 109: 102019.
Escobedo F.J., Clerici N., Staudhammer C.L., Feged-Rivadeneira A., Bohorquez J.C., Tovar G. (2018): Trees and crime in Bogota, Colombia: Is the link an ecosystem service or a disservice? Land Use Policy, 78: 583–592.
European Commission (2020): Forests. Illegal logging/FLEGT Action Plan. Available at:
European Commission (2021a): EU forestry explained. Available at:,-The%20EU%20forest&text=The%20strategy%20aims%20at%20promoting,and%20efficiency%20use%20of%20resources
European Commission (2021b): Forests – new EU strategy. Available at:
Fisher J.A., Cavanagh C.J., Sikor T., Mwayafu D.M. (2018): Linking notices of justice and project outcomes in carbon offset forestry projects: Insights from a comparative study in Uganda. Land Use Policy, 73: 259–268.
Gabdrakhimov K.M., Khayretdinov A.F., Sultanova R.R., Konashova S.I., Konovalov V.F., Sabirzyanov I.G., Gabdelkhakov A.K., Isyanyulova R.R., Martynova M.V., Blonskaya L.N. (2018): Reproduction of stable pine forests in the southern Urals. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 6494–6499.
Gabitov I.I., Mudarisov S.G., Gafurov I.D., Ableeva A.M., Negovora A.V., Davletshin M.M., Rakhimov Z.S., Khamaletdinov R.R., Martynov V.M., Yukhin G.P. (2018): Evaluation of the efficiency of mechanized technological processes of agricultural production. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 8338–8345.
Gaither C.J., Yembilah R., Samar S.B. (2019): Tree registration to counter elite capture of forestry benefits in Ghana’s Ashanti and Brong Ahafo regions. Land Use Policy, 85: 340–349.
Gençay G., Mercimek A. (2019): Public conscience and influence of law on forest crimes: Insights from Kastamonu, Turkey. Forest Policy and Economics, 106: 101978.
Gordeeva E.M. (2014): Ezhegodnyie planyi provedeniya planovyih proverok yuridicheskih lits i individualnyih predprinimateley. [Main trends in the development of European Union policy and law in the field of forestry: From origins to the present.] Actual Problems of Russian Law, 12: 2934–2941.
Grebenyuk A.L., Varnavskaya F.V. (2019): Analysis of offenses in the field of forest use. Proceedings of the Bratsk State University. Series: Natural and Engineering Sciences, 1: 154–157.
Hansen C.P., Rutt R., Acheampong E. (2018): “Experimental” or business as usual? Implementing the European Union forest law enforcement, governance and trade (FLEGT) voluntary partnership agreement in Ghana. Forest Policy and Economics, 96: 75–82.
Ilie M. (2013): The judicial protection of the forest in Romania. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 81: 171–175.
Karmiłowicz E., Skrzecz I., Matyjaszczyk E. (2018): Plant protection and forest protection – the development of legislation and forest protection services in Poland. Folia Forestalia Polonica, 60: 52–60.
Khalikova O.V., Isyanyulova R.R., Muftakhova S.I. (2019): Recreational loading as a factor of changes in the process of moisture ground soil in protected natural territories of the Black sea coast of Russia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 392: 012017.
Konashova S.I., Sultanova R.R., Khairetdinov A.F., Gabdrakhimov K.M., Konovalov V.F., Rakhmatullin Z.Z., Isyanyulova R.R., Nasyrova E.R., Gubaidullin A.F., Muftakhova S.I. (2018): Forestry and ecological aspects of the broad-leaved forest formation. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 8789–8795.
Kondo M.C., Han S., Donovan G.H., MacDonald J.M. (2017): The association between urban trees and crime: Evidence from the spread of the emerald ash borer in Cincinnati. Landscape and Urban Planning, 157: 193–199.
Konovalov V.F., Gabdrakhimov K.M., Sultanova R.R., Konashova S.I., Sabirzyanov I.G., Gabdelkhakov A.K., Nasyrova E.R., Martynova M.V., Khayretdinov A.F., Blonskaya L.N. (2018): Identification of wood-seed plantations of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) on the complex of vegetative signs in the Bashkir Predural. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13: 6546–6550.
Ministry of Natural Resources of the Krasnodar Region (2019): Ezhegodnyie planyi provedeniya planovyih proverok yuridicheskih lits i individualnyih predprinimateley. [Annual plans for scheduled inspections of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs]. Available at: (in Russian).
Ministry of Nature Management and Ecology of the Republic of Bashkortostan (2020): Informatsiya Minekologii Respubliki Bashkortostan o provodimyih vneplanovyih proverkah v otnoshenii organov mestnogo samoupravleniya za 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. [Information from the Ministry of Ecology of the Republic of Bashkortostan on unscheduled inspections in relation to legal entities and individual entrepreneurs for 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2020.] Available at: (in Russian).
Mollick A.S., Rahman K., Khan N.I., Sadath N. (2018): Evaluation of good governance in a participatory forestry program: a case study in Madhupur Sal forests of Bangladesh. Forest Policy and Economics, 95: 123–137.
Nukusheva A., Ilyassova G., Rustembekova D., Zhamiyeva R., Arenova L. (2020): Global warming problem faced by the international community: international legal aspect. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics. Available online at:
Preferred by Nature (2019): Illegal logging. Available at:
Rogelja T., Ludvig A., Weiss G., Secco L. (2018): Implications of policy framework conditions for the development of forestry-based social innovation initiatives in Slovenia. Forest Policy and Economics, 95: 147–155.
Supreme Court of the Russian Federation (2012): Resolution of Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation from October, 18th, 2012 No. 21 “On application by courts of legislation on liability for violations in the field of environmental protection and nature use”.
Tricallotis M., Gunningham N., Kanowski P. (2018): The impacts of forest certification for Chilean forestry businesses. Forest Policy and Economics, 92: 82–91.
supplementary materialdownload PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti