Dendrochronology of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in the mountains of Poland
S. Wilczyński, J. SkrzyszewskiCitation:
Wilczyński S., Skrzyszewski J. (2003): Dendrochronology of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in the mountains of Poland. J. For. Sci., 49: 95-103.
In the area of southern Poland 33 pine stands growing at the altitudes from 350 to 1,200 m above sea level in the Carpathian and Sudeten Mountains were selected as the object of studies. Thirty-three site chronologies of tree-rings, representing each site were constructed. A decrease in the similarity of dendrochronological signal chronologies occurred with the growing distance between the sites. Correlation and convergence analysis and the Principal Components Analysis permitted the differentiation of two chronology groups: the Western (Sudeten) and the Eastern (Carpathian) ones. On the basis of the site chronologies regional chronologies for the Carpathian and Sudeten Mts. were constructed. The investigated pines from the two regions manifested great sensitivity to winter frost and in summer to the deficiency of heat and water. The chronologies were strongly integrated by the pattern of air temperatures, being differentiated by the pluvial conditions.
Scots pine; dendrochronology; dendroclimatology