Financing of forestry from public funds in the Czech Republic, Estonia, Poland and Slovenia – policy context, organisation and supported activities
A. Kaliszewskihttps://doi.org/10.17221/4613-JFSCitation:Kaliszewski A. (2004): Financing of forestry from public funds in the Czech Republic, Estonia, Poland and Slovenia – policy context, organisation and supported activities. J. For. Sci., 50: 181-189.
The paper describes the policy, legislative and organisational context and structure of financing the forestry from public funds in the Czech Republic, Estonia, Poland and Slovenia in the 90’s. The first half of the nineties was the period of the most significant changes, whereas more stable and systematic financing of forestry was generally started in the second half of the nineties. The supported activities reflected main problems and challenges facing the forestry in individual countries. In the Czech Republic the substantial support was designed for protective measures and restitution of damaged stands. In Poland, the increase of forest area and restitution of forest stands damaged by air-pollution were the priority. Slovenian budget supported mainly the improvement of road infrastructure, forest management planning, as well as sustainable utilisation of forests through marking of trees for cutting. Estonian forestry received the relatively lowest subsidies allocated mainly to the preparation of management plans and extension services. Subsidies were the most important instruments of support. In Poland, however, tax exemptions and concessions were significantly higher than the value of financial means allocated from the public funds.Keywords:
forest policy; public financing; Czech Republic; Estonia; Poland; Slovenia