Development of forest stands condition and its monitoring in the Czech Republic
P. Fabiánek, V. Henžlík, K. Vančurahttps://doi.org/10.17221/4649-JFSCitation:Fabiánek P., Henžlík V., Vančura K. (2004): Development of forest stands condition and its monitoring in the Czech Republic. J. For. Sci., 50: 514-519.
In 1986, the UN ECE established the International Cooperative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (hereinafter ICP Forests) to respond on the growing concern about forest damage caused since the beginning of eighties by air pollution load. Pan-European grid of the (ICP Forests) monitoring plots represents one of the most important systems of forest ecosystems assessing and checking. The Czech Republic is unfortunately well known due to this problem and so the country joined ICP Forest Programme since the very beginning. The paper presents general information on Czech forest stand condition that gained through various methods in the past as well as in the frame of ICP Forests. The participation in the International Cooperative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP Forests) represents a contribution of the EU candidate country to the fulfillment of the Reg. (EEC) No. 3528/86. However it seems that effects and importance of air pollution are decreasing, a lot of new stress situations exists and there is a need for continuing the programme.Keywords:
forests ecosystems; monitoring; international cooperation; UN/ECE; forests condition; defoliation; abiotic and biotic factors; air pollution; remote sensing