Research on principles of making access to mountain forests by forest road networki
P. Klčhttps://doi.org/10.17221/4550-JFSCitation:Klč P. (2005): Research on principles of making access to mountain forests by forest road networki. J. For. Sci., 51: 115-126.
We consider making access to forests and forest complexes as an optimal allocation of routes of forest roads, land and air communications and transport routes with their optimal structure (composition, proportion of separate types) being implemented within forest transportation network in such a way that the length of constructed communications and their area (area, coverage of production area) would be as small as possible and at the same time the highest possible percentage of access to the given area in the particular territory would be reached as well as optimal skidding distance for applying the latest technologies of timber transportation in forests. Forest roads are the basis of permanent access. The paper presents the results of research and knowledge of making access to mountain forests in a model territory of LHC Ďumbier in the Low Tatra Mts. We describe an ecologically suitable model of making access based on making access by permanent skidding roads constructed at an optimal spacing, which are proposed to be interconnected by cable systems for timber transportation or on slopes with gradient over 70% with the use of helicopters for timber transportation. Principles of making access to mountain forests are also presented that are worked out for the field of preparation and projection intentions of further access, proposals and projection, implementation and maintenance of constructed communications and special facilities which will secure optimal access, minimal damage and maximal benefits in the given area.Keywords:
forest roads; forest road network; mountain forest