Biological activity of anthropogenic soils after spoil-bank forest reclamation
J. Remeš, R. Šíšahttps://doi.org/10.17221/2075-JFSCitation:Remeš J., Šíša R. (2007): Biological activity of anthropogenic soils after spoil-bank forest reclamation. J. For. Sci., 53: 299-307.
The paper presents the results of relatively long-term research focused on spoil bank revitalization pro-cesses in the North Bohemian Brown Coal Basin after the first three years of observations. The biological activity of soil (namely catalase and phosphatase activity), indicators of basal and potential soil respiration, ammonification and growth, development and nutrition status of forest plantations were selected as indicators of this revitalization process. These parameters were determined in five localities of different age of reclamation where different technological approaches and tree species compositions were used. The results confirm the distinct time dependence of revitalization processes. From the aspect of biological activity older reclamations are close to natural forest soil. The enrichment of top soil layer with organic matter before the plantation (by ploughing in cellulose fibres and peat addition) increased some parameters of soil biological activity. The positive amelioration effect of black alder (Alnus glutinosa) was also confirmed.Keywords:afforestation; forest stands; respiration; ammonification; enzyme activities; amelioration