Effect of black walnut (Juglans nigra) on the understorey vegetation – a case study of South Moravian forests (Czech Republic)

https://doi.org/10.17221/68/2016-JFSCitation:Hrib M., Podrázský V., Matějka K., Viewegh J. (2017): Effect of black walnut (Juglans nigra) on the understorey vegetation – a case study of South Moravian forests (Czech Republic). J. For. Sci., 63: 136-148.
download PDF
The article analyses the influence of black walnut on forest phytocoenosis in South Moravian forests and assesses how its representation may affect the understorey vegetation of the forest ecosystems. In July 2014, 31 relevés were processed in the South Moravian forests. These were stands of pure black walnut (Juglans nigra) as well as black walnut with small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata), along with neighbouring autochthonous stands (pure ash – European and narrow-leaved), oak (summer oak), or their mixtures. Ellenberg’s indicator values reveal differences in the plant communities under black walnut comparing those under native tree species for the variables nitrogen, soil reaction and temperature. In addition, total cover is significantly higher under walnut. Other differences are visible from the detrended correspondence analysis ordination. The study also confirmed that in the stands of black walnut the preference of some species is suppressed, for example Brachypodium sylvaticum and Poa nemoralis in alluvial forests and Melica uniflora in hilly forests.
References:
Bartsch N. (1989): Zum Anbau der Schwarznuss (Juglans nigra L.) in der Rheinauen. Frankfurt am Main, J.D. Sauerlander’s Verlag: 90.
 
Benčať F. (1982): Atlas of the Distribution of Exotic Woody Plants in Slovakia and Zoning of their Cultivation. Bratislava, Slovak Academy of Sciences: 366.
 
Boutin C., Jobin B., Bélanger L., Choinière L. (2002): Plant diversity in three types of hedgerows adjacent to cropfield. Biodiversity and Conservation, 11: 1–25.https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014023326658
 
Ciancio O., Mercurio R., Nocentini S. (1981–1982): Annali dell’Istituto Sperimentale per la Selvicoltura: Le specie forestali esotiche nella selvicoltura italiana. Vol. XII–XIII. Arezzo, Istituto Sperimentale per la Selvicoltura: 731.
 
Csiszár Á., Korda M., Schmidt D., Šporčić D., Süle P., Teleki B., Tiborcz V., Zagyvai G., Bartha D. (2013): Allelopathic potential of some invasive plant species occuring in Hungary. Allelopathy Journal, 31: 309–318.
 
Dana M.N., Lerner B.R. (1994): Black walnut toxicity. Available at https://www.extension.purdue.edu/extmedia/ho/ho-193.pdf (accessed May 6, 2016).
 
de Scisciolo Bettina, Leopold Donald J., Walton Daniel C. (1990): Seasonal patterns of juglone in soil beneathJuglans nigra (black walnut) and influence ofJ. nigra on understory vegetation. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 16, 1111-1130 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01021015
 
Ellenberg H., Weber H.E., Düll R., Wirth V., Werner W., Paulißen D. (1992): Zeigewerte von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Scripta Geobotanica XVIII. 2nd Ed. Göttingen, Verlag Erich Goltze KG: 258.
 
Evans J. (1984): Silviculture of Broadleved Woodland. Forestry Commission Bulletin No. 62. London, HMSO: 232.
 
GARAVEL L. (): Le Noyer Noir d'Amérique (J. nigra L.). Revue Forestière Française, , 362- https://doi.org/10.4267/2042/24284
 
Herman R.K. (1987): North American tree species in Europe. Journal of Forestry, 85: 27–32.
 
Hill M.O. (1979): TWINSPAN: A FORTRAN Program for Arranging Multivariate Data in an Ordered Two-way Table by Classification of the Individuals and Attributes. Ithaca, Cornell University Press: 90.
 
Hrib M. (2004): Produkce a ekologická stabilita porostů ořešáku černého (Juglans nigra L.) v přírodní lesní oblasti Ji-homoravských úvalů. In: Neuhöferová P. (ed.): Introdukované dřeviny a jejich produkční a ekologický význam. Sborník příspěvků z konference, Kostelec nad Černými lesy, Nov 10–11, 2004: 127–140.
 
Hrib M., Kneifl M., Kadavý J. (2003): Growth of black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) in the floodplain forests of the Židlochovice Forest Enterprise. Ekológia (Bratislava), 22: 162–176.
 
Hrib M., Koblížek J., Maděra P. (2002): Juglans × intermedia Carr. – an interesting finding in the Židlochovice Forest Enterprise. Journal of Forest Science, 48: 475–481.
 
Junghietu I., Bucaţel V.A. (1987): Arbori exotici din Moldova. Chişinău, Editura Ştiinţa: 224.
 
Kolarik M., Freeland E., Utley C., Tisserat N. (): Geosmithia morbida sp. nov., a new phytopathogenic species living in symbiosis with the walnut twig beetle (Pityophthorus juglandis) on Juglans in USA. Mycologia, 103, 325-332 https://doi.org/10.3852/10-124
 
Kremer D., Čavlović J., Božić M., Dubravac T. (2008): Distribution and management of black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) in Croatia. Periodicum Biologorum, 110: 317–321.
 
Kubát K. (ed.) (2002): Klíč ke květeně České republiky. Prague, Academia: 927.
 
Kulygin А.А. (1990): Kultura orecha černogo na Donu. Lesnoje chozjajstvo, 20: 35–37.
 
Maděra P., Hrib M. (2002): Srovnání synuzie podrostu porostů Juglans nigra a Quercus robur na LZ Židlochovice v aluviu dolních toků řek Svratky a Jihlavy. In: Viewegh J.: Problematika lesnické typologie IV: sborník příspěvků ze semináře, Kostelec nad Černými lesy, Jan 30–31, 2002: 35–37.
 
MATĚJKA K. (2016): Nápověda k programu DBreleve. Available at http://www.infodatasys.cz/software/hlp_dbreleve/dbreleve.htm (accessed Oct 1, 2016).
 
Montecchio L., Faccoli M. (2014): First Record of Thousand Cankers Disease Geosmithia morbida and Walnut Twig Beetle Pityophthorus juglandis on Juglans nigra in Europe. Plant Disease, 98, 696-696 https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-10-13-1027-PDN
 
Mráček (1925): Ořešák černý (Juglans nigra L.). Lesnická práce, 4: 209–217.
 
Nicolescu N. (1998): Considerations regarding black walnut (Juglans nigra) culture in the north-west of Romania. Forestry, 71, 349-354 https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/71.4.349
 
Novák V., Hrdina J. (1932): Půdoznalecký průzkum soudního okresu Židlochovice na Moravě. Sborník výzkumných ústavů zemědělských RČS. Vol. 75. Prague, Ministerstvo zemědělství republiky Československé: 218.
 
Rietveld W. J. (1983): Allelopathic effects of juglone on germination and growth of several herbaceous and woody species. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 9, 295-308 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00988047
 
Šálek L., Zahradník D., Tipmann L., Marušák R. (2012): Black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) standing volume in the riparian forest of the Czech Republic. Turkey Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 36: 629–635.
 
Sarvary J. (1996): Diófáböl erdöt. Budapest, Mezögazda Kiadó: 119.
 
Scott Robert, Sullivan William C. (2007): A review of suitable companion crops for black walnut. Agroforestry Systems, 71, 185-193 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-007-9071-8
 
Seneta W. (1976): Dendrologia. Warszawa, Polska Akademia Nauk: 560.
 
Šenkýř M. (2015): Vliv nepůvodních listnatých dřevin na diverzitu bylinného patra. [MSc Thesis.] Brno, Masaryk University: 110.
 
Shibu J., Holzmüller E. (2008): Black walnut allelopathy: Implications for intercropping. In: Zeng R.S., Mallik A.U., Luo S.M.: Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry. New York, Springer-Verlag: 303–320.
 
ter Braak C.J.F., Šmilauer P. (2002): CANOCO Reference Manual and CanoDraw for Windows User’s Guide: Software for Canonical Community Ordination (Version 4.5). Ithaca, Microcomputer Power: 500.
 
Tokár F., Kukla J. (2009): Ecology, phytotechnics and production of black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) plantations. Ekologia, 28, 376-388 https://doi.org/10.4149/ekol_2009_04_376
 
Viewegh J. (2003): Czech forest (site) ecosystem classification. Available at http://fld.czu.cz/docs/forestry_classification.pdf (accessed Oct 17, 2016).
 
Virginia Cooperative Extension (2001): Black walnut (Juglans nigra) and allelopathy. Available at http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/fletcher/staff/rbir/blackwalnutcompanions.html (accessed May 6, 2016).
 
Ward Joe H. (1963): Hierarchical Grouping to Optimize an Objective Function. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 58, 236-244 https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1963.10500845
 
Willis R.J. (2000): Juglans spp., juglon and allelopathy. Allelopathy Journal, 7: 1–55.
 
Zlatník A. (1978): Lesnická fytocenologie. Prague, SZN: 495.
 
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences