First records of the invasive aphid species, Aphis spiraecola, in Kosovo, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, the United Kingdom and Denmark

Borbély C., György Z., Jacobsen S.K., Musa F., Ouředníčková J., Sigsgaard L., Skalský M., Markó V. (2021): First records of the invasive aphid species, Aphis spiraecola, in Kosovo, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, the United Kingdom and Denmark. Plant Protect. Sci., 57: 70–74.

download PDF

In the last few decades, the spiraea aphid (Aphis spiraecola Patch) has become a widely distributed pest of apple and citrus orchards across Europe. In our study, A. spiraecola was observed for the first time in Kosovo, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, the United Kingdom and Denmark, in apple orchards in the growing seasons of 2016, 2018 and 2019. The presence of A. spiraecola was also recorded on other host plants such as the quince (Cydonia oblonga Miller) and Vanhoutte spiraea (Spiraea × vanhouttei) in Slovakia, and the quince, common pear (Pyrus communis Linnaeus) and firethorn (Pyracantha coccinea M.J. Roemer) in the United Kingdom. Based on the morphological characteristics and the sequencing of the DNA mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (COI fragment) barcode, our study confirms the presence of this pest in five additional regions in Europe.

Andreev R., Rahseva D., Kutinkova H. (2007): Aphids in apple orchards in Central-South Bul-garia. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 47: 87–90.
Baker A.C., Turner W.F. (1916): Morphology and biology of the green apple aphis. Journal of Agricultural Research, 5: 955–993.
Blackman R.L., Eastop V.F. (1984): Aphids on the World's Crops: An Identification and Infor-mation Guide. Chichester, Wiley.
Brown M.W., Hogmire H.W, Schmitt J.J. (1995): Competitive displacement of apple aphid by spirea aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) on apple as mediated by human activities. Environmental Entomology, 24: 1581–1591.
CABI (2020): Invasive Species Compendium. Available at (accessed June 25, 2020).
Cambra M., Gorris M.T., Marroquín C., Román M.P., Olmos A., Martínez M.C., de Mendoza A.H., López A., Navarro L. (2000): Incidence and epidemiology of Citrus tristeza virus in the Valencian Community of Spain. Virus Research, 71: 85–95.
Folmer O., Black M., Hoeh W., Lutz R., Vrijenhoek R. (1994): DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Molecular Marine Biology and Biotechnology, 3: 294–299.
Foottit R.G., Lowery D.T., Maw H.E.L., Smirle M.J., Lushai G.
(2009): Identification, distribution, and molecular characterization of the apple aphids Aphis pomi and Aphis spiraecola (Hemiptera: Aphididae: Aphidinae). The Canadian Entomologist, 141: 478–495.
Furk C. (1979): A British record of Aphis citricola van der Goot. Plant Pathology, 28: 157. doi: 10.12681/eh.13984
Halbert S.E., Voegtlin D.J. (1992): Morphological differentiation between Aphis spiraecola and Aphis pomi (Homoptera: Aphididae). The Great Lakes Entomologist, 25: 1–8.
Heie O.E. (1986): The Aphidoidea (Hemiptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Leiden, Brill.
Kaakeh W., Pfeiffer D.G., Martini R.P. (1993): Effect of Aphis spiraecola and A. pomi (Homop-tera: Aphididae) on the growth of young apple trees. Crop Protection, 12: 141–147.
Katsoyannos P., Kontodimas D.C., Stathas G.J., Tsartsalis C.T. (1997): Establishment of Harmo-nia axyridis on citrus and some data on its phenology in Greece. Phytoparasitica, 25: 183–191.
Kavallieratos N., Tomanović Z., Sarlis G.P., Vayias B.J., Žikić V., Emmanouel N.E. (2007): Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphidoidea) on cultivated and self-sown plants in Greece. Biologia, 62: 335–344.
Komazaki S. (1982): Effects of constant temperatures on population growth of three aphid spe-cies, Toxoptera citricidus (Kirkaldy), Aphis citricola Vvn der Goot and Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) on citrus. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 17: 75–81.
Komazaki S. (1990): Variation in the hatch timing of the overwintering egg among populations of Aphis spiraecola Patch (Homoptera: Aphididae) collected from different host plants and localities in Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 25: 27–34.
Komazaki S. (1994): Ecology of citrus aphids and their importance to virus transmission. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly, 28: 177–184.
Kumar S., Stecher G., Li M., Kyaz C., Tamura K. (2018): MEGA X: Molecular Evolutionary Ge-netics Analysis across computing platforms. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 35: 1547–1549.
Litterst M., Thieme T. (2001): Die Zitruslaus – erstmaliger Nachweis im Apfelanbau. Obstbau, 2: 67.
Lowery D.T., Smirle M.J., Foottit R.G., Beers E.H. (2006): Susceptibilities of apple aphid and spirea aphid collected from apple in the Pacific Northwest to selected insecticides. Economical Entomology, 99: 1369–1374.
Martin J.H. (1996): Aphis spiraecola Patch (Homoptera: Aphididae), an aphid pest of woody hosts now occurring on Cotoneaster in Britain. Entomologist's Gazette, 47: 51–52.
Mayer D.F., Lunden J.D. (1996): Apple and spirea aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) in apples in south central Washington. Journal of the Entomological Society in British Columbia, 93: 35–37.
Mezei I., Kerekes G. (2006): Occurrence of and damage by Aphis spiraecola Patch in Hungary. Növényvédelem, 42: 79–85.
Petrović-Obradović O., Vukašinović D., Vučetić A., Milovanović P., Krnjajić S. (2009): Aphis spiraecola Patch. – new pest of apple in Serbia. Plant Doctor, 37: 7–10.
Pfeiffer D.G., Brown M.W., Varn M.W. (1989): Incidence of spirea aphid (Homoptera: Aphidi-dae) in apple orchards in Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland. Journal of Entomological Sci-ence, 24: 145–149.
Qureshi, J.A. (2010): Implications of climate change for Toxoptera citricida (Kirkaldy), a disease vector of citrus in Florida. Aphid Biodiversity under Environmental Change. Dordrecht, Springer.
Rakauskas R., Bašilova J., Bernotienè R. (2015): Aphis pomi and Aphis spiraecola (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae) in Europe – new information on their distribution, molecular and morphological peculiarities. European Journal of Entomology, 112: 270–280.
Satar S., Uygun N. (2008): Life cycle of Aphis spiraecola Patch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in East Mediterranean Region of Turkey and its development on some important host plants. IOBC/wprs Bulletin, 38: 216–224.
Soon Won L., Moon Hong L., Kui Moon C., Jai Sun H., Myung Soon Y. (1994): The effects of pesticide application on the major apple insect pests and their natural enemies. Crop Protection, 36: 383–394.
Turcinaviciene J., Rakauskas R., Pedersen B.V. (2006): Phylogenetic relationships in the "grossu-lariae" species group of the genus Aphis (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae): Molecular evi-dence. European Journal of Entomology, 103: 597–604.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti