Can late flushing trees avoid attack by moth larvae in temperate forests?

https://doi.org/10.17221/11/2018-PPSCitation:Kulfan J., Sarvašová L., Parák M., Dzurenko M., Zach P. (2018): Can late flushing trees avoid attack by moth larvae in temperate forests? Plant Protect. Sci., 54: 272-283.
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We investigated moth larvae (Lepidoptera) developing in temperate forests in Central Europe shortly after the tree budburst (the “brumata-viridana complex”). Larvae were collected in southern Slovakia in May 2015 and May 2016 from young and mature trees of late flushing Quercus cerris L. and early flushing Q. pubescens Willd. Although Q. cerris yielded fewer species (40 species) than Q. pubescens (47 species), the rarefied number of species and the Chao index suggested a similar number of species on mature trees of both oak species. Both the total number of moth larvae in assemblages and the abundance of dominant species (pests) were significantly lower on Q. cerris than Q. pubescens. The results suggest the release of Q. cerris with delayed budburst from heavy infestations by folivorous moth larvae. Knowledge obtained can be applied in silvicultural and horticultural practices aimed to protect and maintain forest, fruit, and ornamental trees.

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