Cytospora friesii and Sydowia polyspora are associated with the sudden dieback of Abies concolor in Southern Europe

https://doi.org/10.17221/120/2021-PPSCitation:

Lazarević J., Menkis A. (2022): Cytospora friesii and Sydowia polyspora are associated with the sudden dieback of Abies concolor in Southern Europe. Plant Protect. Sci., 58: 258–263.

supplementary materialdownload PDF

Abies concolor was introduced to Europe in the 19th century and commonly planted as an ornamental tree. In 2018, after several very warm and dry vegetation seasons, which has likely caused abiotic stress in the trees, a sudden dieback of A. concolor was observed in the city of Aranđelovac in Serbia. The external symptoms were the rapid discoloration of needles in a larger part of the crown and eventually the dieback of the trees. The aim of this study was to identify the possible agents of damage by analysing the fungal communities associated with symptomatic needles using high-throughput sequencing as no symptoms of damage were seen on the branches or stems. Symptomatic needles were collected from the lower branches of five standing trees. Half of the needles were surface sterilised and the remaining were left unsterilised. DNA was extracted, amplified using ITS2 rDNA as a marker and sequenced. Quality filtering showed the presence of 6 191 high quality reads, which, following a clustering analysis, was found to represent 79 non-singletons fungal taxa. The most common fungi in both surface sterilised and unsterilised needles were the pathogens Cytospora friesii (59.7%) and Sydowia polyspora (20.6%). The results demonstrated that C. friesii and S. polyspora can cause a rapid decline of A. concolor trees subjected to abiotic stress.

References:
Behnke-Borowczyk J., Kwaśna H., Kulawinek B. (2019): Fungi associated with Cyclaneusma needle cast in Scots pine in the west of Poland. Forest Pathology, 49: e12487. doi: 10.1111/efp.12487 https://doi.org/10.1111/efp.12487
 
Chastagner G.A., Riley L., Coats K.P., Eikemo J., Talgo V. (2017): Delphinella shoot blight and Grovesiella canker on Abies lasiocarpa in western USA. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 32: 432–437. https://doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2017.1317358
 
Hyde K.D., de Silva N.I., Jeewon R., Bhat D.J., Phookamsak R., Doilom M., Boonmee S., Jayawardena R.S., Maharachchikumbura S.S.N., Senanayake I.C., Manawasinghe I.S., Liu N.G., Abeywickrama P.D., Chaiwan N., Karunarathna A., Pem D., Lin C.G., Sysouphanthong P., Luo Z.L., Wei D.P., Wanasinghe D.N., Norphanphoun C., Tennakoon D.S., Samarakoon M.C., Jayasiri S.C., Jiang H.B., Zeng X.Y., Li J.F., Wijesinghe S.N., Devadatha B., Goonasekara I.D., Brahmanage R.S., Yang E.F., Aluthmuhandiram J.V.S., Dayarathne M.C., Marasinghe D.S., Li W.J., Dissanayake L.S., Dong W., Huanraluek N., Lumyong S., Liu J.K., Karunarathna S.C., Jones E.B.G., Al-Sadi A.M., Xu J.C., Harishchandra D., Sarma V.V. (2020): AJOM new records and collections of fungi: 1–100. Asian Journal of Mycology, 3: 22–294.  https://doi.org/10.5943/ajom/3/1/3
 
Jaklitsch W.M., Voglmayr H. (2020): Fenestelloid clades of the Cucurbitariaceae. Persoonia, 44: 1–40. https://doi.org/10.3767/persoonia.2020.44.01
 
Lazarević S. (1978): Dendroflora Aranđelovca i okoline [MSc thesis]. Belgrade, University of Belgrade. Serbian.
 
Lazarević J., Menkis A. (2020): Fungal diversity in the phyllosphere of Pinus heldreichii H. Christ – An endemic and high-altitude pine of the Mediterranean region. Diversity, 12: 172. doi: 10.3390/d12050172 https://doi.org/10.3390/d12050172
 
Markovskaja S., Kačergius A., Davydenko K., Fraser S. (2016): First record of Neocatenulostroma germanicum on pines in Lithuania and Ukraine and its co-occurrence with Dothistroma spp. and other pathogens. Forest Pathology, 46: 522–533.  https://doi.org/10.1111/efp.12308
 
Milijašević T. (1996): Study of fungus Cytospora friesii Sacc. biology on Abies concolor (Gord.) Hild. needles. Šumarstvo (Yugoslavia), 49: 12–19. Serbian with English summary.
 
Milovanović B., Ducić V., Radovanović M., Milivojević M. (2017): Climate regionalization of Serbia according to Köppen climate classification. Journal of the Geografical Institute „Jovan Cvijić“ SASA, 67: 103–114. https://doi.org/10.2298/IJGI1702103M
 
Muñoz-Adalia E.J., Sanz-Ros A.V., Flores-Pacheco J.A., Hantula J., Diez J.J., Vainio E.J., Fernández M. (2017): Sydowia polyspora dominates fungal communities carried by two Tomicus species in pine plantations threatened by Fusarium circinatum. Forests, 8: 127. doi: 10.3390/f8040127  https://doi.org/10.3390/f8040127
 
Norphanphoun C., Doilom M., Daranagama D.A., Phookamsak R., Wen T.C., Bulgakov T.S., Hyde K.D. (2017): Revisiting the genus Cytospora and allied species. Mycosphere, 8: 51–97.  https://doi.org/10.5943/mycosphere/8/1/7
 
Pan M., Zhu H., Tian C., Huang M., Fan X. (2021): Assessment of Cytospora isolates from conifer cankers in China, with the descriptions of four new Cytospora species. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12: 636460. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2021.636460 https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.636460
 
Réblová M. (2011): New insights into the systematics and phylogeny of the genus Jattaea and similar fungi of the Calosphaeriales. Fungal Diversity, 49: 167–198.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-011-0099-8
 
Smart A., Watt B., Novak A. (2019): Rhizosphaera needlecast. Pest management fact sheet 5104. Orono, The University of Maine. Available at https://extension.umaine.edu/ipm/ipddl/publications/5104e/
 
Smerils Е. (1971): Pathogenicity tests of Valsa species occuring on conifers in Quebec. Extrait de Phytoprotection, 5: 28–31.
 
Talgo V., Chastanger G., Thomsen I.M., Cech T., Riley K., Lang K., Klemsdal S.S. (2010): Sydowia polyspora associated with current season needle necrosis (CSNN) on true fir (Abies spp.). Fungal Biology, 114: 545–554. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2010.04.005
 
Vukićević E. (1982): Dekorativna dendrologija. Beograd, Naučna knjiga. Serbian.
 
Wenner N.G., Merrill W. (1997): Phyllosticta multicorniculata on Abies spp. in the Northeastern U.S. Plant Disease, 81: 230. doi: 10.1094/PDIS.1997.81.2.230C https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS.1997.81.2.230C
 
Wijayawardene N.N., Hyde K.D., Al-Ani L.K.T., Tedersoo L., Haelewaters D., Rajeshkumar K.C., Zhao R.L., Aptroot A., Leontyev D.V., Saxena R.K., Tokarev Y.S., Dai D.Q., Letcher P.M., Stephenson S.L., Ertz D., Lumbsch H.T., Kukwa M., Issi I.V., Madrid H., Phillips A.J.L., Selbmann L., Pfliegler W.P., Horváth E., Bensch K., Kirk P.M., Kolaříková K., Raja H.A., Radek R., Papp V., Dima B., Ma J., Malosso E., Takamatsu S., Rambold G., Gannibal P.B., Triebel D., Gautam A.K., Avasthi S., Suetrong S., Timdal E., Fryar S.C., Delgado G., Réblová M., Doilom M., Dolatabadi S., Pawłowska J.Z., Humber R.A., Kodsueb R., Sánchez-Castro I., Goto B.T., Silva D.K.A., de Souza F.A., Oehl F., da Silva G.A., Silva I.R., Błaszkowski J., Jobim K., Maia L.C., Barbosa F.R., Fiuza P.O., Divakar P.K., Shenoy B.D., Castañeda-Ruiz R.F., Somrithipol S., Lateef A.A., Karunarathna S.C., Tibpromma S., Mortimer P.E., Wanasinghe D.N., Phookamsak R., Xu J., Wang Y., Tian F., Alvarado P., Li D.W., Kušan I., Matočec N., Mešić A., Tkalčec Z., Maharachchikumbura S.S., Papizadeh M., Heredia G., Wartchow F., Bakhshi M., Boehm E., Youssef N., Hustad V.P., Lawrey J.D., Santiago A.L.C.M.A., Bezerra J.D.P., Souza-Motta C.M., Firmino A.L., Tian Q., Houbraken J., Hongsanan S., Tanaka K., Dissanayake A.J., Monteiro J.S., Grossart H.P., Suija A., Weerakoon G., Etayo J., Tsurykau A., Vázquez V., Mungai P., Damm U., Li Q.R., Zhang H., Boonmee S., Lu Y.Z., Becerra A.G., Kendrick B., Brearley F.Q., Motiejūnaitė J., Sharma B., Khare R., Gaikwad S., Wijesundara D.S.A., Tang L.Z., He M.Q., Flakus A., Rodriguez-Flakus P., Zhurbenko M.P., McKenzie E.H.C., Stadler M., Bhat D.J., Liu J.K., Raza M., Jeewon R., Nassonova E.S., Prieto M., Jayalal R.G.U., Erdoğdu M., Yurkov A., Schnittler M., Shchepin O.N., Novozhilov Y.K., Silva-Filho A.G.S., Gentekaki E., Liu P., Cavender J.C., Kang Y., Mohammad S., Zhang L.F., Xu R.F., Li Y.M., Dayarathne M.C., Ekanayaka A.H., Wen T.C., Deng C.Y., Pereira O.L., Navathe S., Hawksworth D.L., Fan X.L., Dissanayake L.S., Kuhnert E., Grossart H.P., Thines M. (2020): Outline of fungi and fungus-like taxa. Mycosphere, 11: 1060–1456.
 
Zlatković M., Wingfield M.J., Jami F., Slippers B. (2017): Host specificity of co-infecting Botryosphaeriaceae on ornamental and forest trees in the Western Balkans. Forest Pathology, 48: e12410. doi: 10.1111/EFP.12410 https://doi.org/10.1111/efp.12410
 
supplementary materialdownload PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti