Improving Ceratitis capitata control through the mass trapping technique in an IPM programme on apricots in Tunisia

Elimem M., Harbi A., Limem-Sellemi E., Rouz S., Chahed K., Bouchkara M.A., Chermiti B., Jammezi A. (2021): Improving Ceratitis capitata control through the mass trapping technique in an IPM programme on apricots in Tunisia. Plant Protect. Sci., 57: 318–325.

download PDF

New techniques for Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) control are being studied and developed to replace traditional organophosphate pesticide applications. A mass trapping strategy offers promising medfly control within integrated pest management (IPM) programmes. Field assays were performed to study the efficacy of two mass trapping techniques based on PheroNorm® and Ceratrap® lures that were compared to a conventional approach to control the medfly in Tunisian apricot orchards. The results showed that both mass trapping techniques had a similar efficiency in reducing the C. capitata population. The degrees Brix in the fruits was a determinant issue since the initial apricot fruit damage was detected at 6.4%. At harvesting, the lowest fruit damage rate was recorded in the PheroNorm® (4.25%) and Ceratrap® (6.50%) treated orchards, compared with the conventional approach (10.75%). Therefore, the use of 50 PheroNorm® and Ceratrap® traps per ha density within an IPM approach may be very useful to control the C. capitata populations in apricot orchards.

Alfaro C., Vacas S., Zarzo M., Navarro-Llopis V., Primo J. (2010): Solid phase microextraction of volatile emissions of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae): Influence of fly sex, age, and mating status. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 59: 298–306.
Barry J.D., Vargas R.I., Miller N.W., Morse J.G. (2003): Feeding and for aging of wild and sterile Mediterranean fruitflies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the presence of spinosad bait. Journal of Economic Entomology, 96: 1405–1411.
Blas P., Márquez A., Wong E., Ros J., Rubio J., Olivero J., Castillo E. (2005): Desarrollo de atrayentes y mosqueros para su integración en los programas de trampeo masivo contra la mosca de la fruta (Ceratitiscapitata Wied.) y la del olivo (Bactroceraoleae Gmel). Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal Plagas, 31: 599–607.
Bouagga S., Hassan N., Kamel Ben Halima M., Jammazi A., Djelouah K., Al-Zaidi S. (2014): Evaluation of an ''attract and kill'' system to combat Ceratitis capitata on peach trees in Tunisia. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 4: 612–619.
Broumas T., Haniotakis G., Liaropoulos C., Tomazou T., Ragoussis N. (2002): The efficacy of an improved form of the mass-trapping method, forthe control of the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin) (Dipt., Tephritidae): Pilot-scale feasibility studies. Journal of Applied Entomology, 126: 217–223.
Cayol J.P., Zarai M. (2001): Field releases of two genetic sexing strains of the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wied.) in two isolated oases of Tozeur governorate, Tunisia. Journal of Applied Entomology, 123(10): 613–619.
Chebbi H.E., Pellissier J.P., Khechimi W., Rolland J.P. (2019): Rapport de synthèse sur l’agriculture en Tunisie. [Rapport de recherche] CIHEAM-IAMM. HAL. Available at (accessed July 2, 2021).
Cheikh M., Howell J.F., Harris E.J., Salah H.B., Soria F. (1975): Suppression of the mediterranean fruit fly in Tunisia with released sterile insects. Journal Economic Entomology, 68: 237–243.
Crovetti A., Conti B., Delrio G. (1986): Effect of abiotic factors on Ceratitis capitata (Wied.) (Diptera: Tephritidae). II. Pupal development under constant temperatures. In: Cavalloro R. (ed.): Fruit Flies of Economic Importance 84. Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema: 141–147.
Duyck P.F., Quilici S. (2002): Survival and development of different life stages of three Ceratitis spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 92: 461–469.
El-Sayed A., Suckling D., Wearing C., Byers J. (2006): Potential of mass trapping for long-term pest management and eradication of invasive species. Journal of Economic Entomology, 99: 1550–1564.
Fimiani P. (1989): Pest status: Mediterranean region. In: Robinson A., Hooper G. (eds): Fruit Flies: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Amsterdam, Elsevier: 37–50.
Fletcher B. (1989): Ecology: Movements of tephritid fruit flies. In: Robinson A., Hooper G. (eds): Fruit Flies: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Amsterdam, Elsevier: 209–219.
Gerson U., Cohen E. (1989): Resurgences of spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) induced by synthetic pyrethroids. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 6: 29–46.
Hafsi A., Harbi A., Rahmouni R., Chermiti B. (2015): Evaluation of the efficiency of mass trapping of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in tunisian citrus orchards using two types of traps: Ceratrap® and Tripack®. ISHS Acta Horticulturae, 1065: 1049–1056.
Hafsi A., Rahmouni R., Ben Othman S., Abbes K., Elimem M., Chermiti B. (2020): Masstrapping and bait station techniquesas alternative methods for IPM of Ceratitiscapitata Wiedmann (Diptera: Tephritidae) in citrusorchards. Oriental Insects, 54: 285–298.
Howell J.F., Cheikh M., Harris E.J., Ben Salah H., Allaya S., Crnjanski P. (1975): Mediterranean fruit fly: Control in Tunisia by strip treatment with a bait spray of technical malathion and protein-hydrolyzate. Journal of Economic Entomology, 68: 247–249.
Jacas J.A., Karamaouna F., Vercher R., Zappalà L. (2010): Citrus pest management in the northern Mediterranean basin (Spain, Italy and Greece). In: Ciancio A., Mukerji K.G. (eds): Integrated Management of Arthropod Pests and Insect Borne Diseases. New York, Springer: 3–27.
Katsoyannos B.I., Kouloussis N.A., Carey J.R. (1998): Seasonal and annual occurrence of Mediterranean fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Chios Island, Greece: Differences between two neighboring citrus orchards. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 91: 43–51.
Kheder S.B., Boujnah H.C., Bouratbine M., Rezgui S. (2015): IPM based on mass trapping systems: A control solution for Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in organic citrus orchard of Tunisia. Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management, 40: 459–469.
Leza M.M., Juan A., Capllonch M., Alemany A. (2008): Female-biased mass trapping vs. bait application techniques against the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Dipt., Tephritidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 132: 753–761.
Liquido N.J., Cunningham R.T., Nakagawa S. (1990): Host plants of Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) on the Island of Hawaii. Journal of Economic Entomology, 83: 1863–1878.
Magaña C., Hernández-Crespo P., Ortego F., Castañera P. (2007): Resistance to malathion in field populations of Ceratitis capitata. Journal of Economic Entomology, 100: 1836–1843.[1836:RTMIFP]2.0.CO;2
Martinez-Ferrer M., Navarro C., Campos J., Marzal C., Fibla J., Bargues L., Garcia-Marí F. (2010): Seasonal and annual trends in field populations of Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitiscapitata, in Mediterranean citrus groves: Compari-
son of two geographic areas in eastern Spain. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 8: 757–765.
Martinez-Ferrer M., Campos J., Fibla J. (2012): Field efficacy of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) mass trapping technique on clementine groves in Spain. Journal of Applied Entomology, 136: 181–190.
Mediouni B.J.J., Bachrouch O., Allimi E., Dhouibi M. (2010): Field evaluation of Mediterranean fruit fly mass trapping with Tripack® as alternative to malathion bait-spraying in citrus orchards. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 8: 400–408.
Messenger P., Flitters N. (1958): Effect of constant temperature environments on the egg stage of three species of Hawaiian fruit flies. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 51: 109–119.
Michaud J. (2003): Toxicity of fruit fly baits to beneficial insects in citrus. Journal of Insect Science, 3: 1. doi: 10.1093/jis/3.1.8
Michaud J., Grant A. (2003): IPM compatibility of foliar insecticides for citrus: Indices derived from toxicity to beneficial insects from four orders. Journal of Insect Science, 3:
Navarro-Llopis V., Alfaro F., Domínguez J., Sanchis J., Primo J. (2008): Evaluation of traps and lures for mass trapping of Mediterranean fruit fly in citrus groves. Journal of Economic Entomology, 101: 126–131.
Papadopoulos N., Katsoyannos B., Carey J., Kouloussis N. (2001): Seasonal and annual occurrence of the Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in northern Greece. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 94: 41–50.[0041:SAAOOT]2.0.CO;2
R Core Team (2008): R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Available at (accessed: June 2019).
Tlemsani M., Kheder S.B. (2015): Comparison of four trapping systems for the control of the Medfly Ceratitis capitata. Tunisian Journal of Plant Protection, 10: 131–140.
Vargas R.I., Piñero J.C., Leblanc L. (2015): An overview of pest species of Bactrocera fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and the integration of biopesticides with other biological approaches for their management with a focus on the pacific region. Insects, 6: 297–318.
Vargas R.I., Walsh W.A., Jang E.B., Armstrong J.W., Kanehisa D.T. (1996): Survival and development of immature stages of four Hawaiian fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 89: 64–69.
Vargas R.I., Mau R.F., Jang E.B., Faust R.M., Wong L., Koul O., Cuperus G., Elliott N. (2008): The Hawaii fruit fly areawide pest management programme. In: Koul O., Cuperus G., Elliot N. (eds): Areawide Pest Management: Theory and Implementation. Wallingford, Biddles: 300–325.
Verghese A., Tandon P., Stonehouse J.M. (2004): Economic evaluation of the integrated management of the oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) in mango in India. Crop Protection, 23: 61–63.
Verghese A., Sreedevi K., Nagaraju D. (2006): Pre and post harvest IPM for the mango fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). In: Fruit Flies of Economic Importance: From Basic to Applied Knowledge. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance, Sep 10–15, 2006, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil: 10–15.
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti