Epidemiology of Fusarium agave wilt in Agave tequilana Weber var. azul

https://doi.org/10.17221/142/2016-PPSCitation:Ramírez-Ramírez M.d.J., Mancilla-Magalli N.A., Meza-Álvarez L., Turincio-Tadeo R., Guzmán-de Pena D., Avila-Miranda M.E. (2017): Epidemiology of Fusarium agave wilt in Agave tequilana Weber var. azul. Plant Protect. Sci., 53: 144-152.
download PDF

Fusarium oxysporum is reported as the principal causal agent limiting production of Agave tequilana Weber var. azul, but frequent isolation of F. solani, and symptoms typical of F. solani as a pathogen like severe reddish coloured root rot and loss of soil anchorage are frequently associated with diseased agaves. Inoculations of agave plantlets with F. solani induced typical agave root rot symptoms in greenhouse trials. The incidence of both pathogens was determined molecularly with specific primers in the ITS2 sequence. Dispersion patterns of agave wilt, determined in plantations of different age, indicated a tendency to produce aggregated patterns over time as the disease spread from the initial symptomatic plant to adjacent plants. Although both fungi were isolated from agave diseased plants, and in spite of the higher percentage of detection and root rot symptoms, it is concluded that F. solani may have a greater impact in agave wilt.

Aceves-Rodríguez J.J. (2002): Aislamiento, identificación, incremento e inoculación de patógenos asociados a la marchitez del agave. In: Flores-López H. (ed.): Análisis Agroecológico del Agave tequilana Weber var. azul con Énfasis en Problemas Fitosanitarios en Jalisco. INIFAP-CIRPAC, Campo Experimental Altos de Jalisco. México, Conexión Gráfica S.A. de C.V: 33–44.
Aceves-Rodríguez J.J. (2003): Prevención y manejo integral de la marchitez del Agave tequilana Weber var. azul en Jalisco. Folleto técnico Núm. 1. Campo Experimental Altos de Jalisco. CIRPAC. INIFAP. Jalisco, México.
Agrios G.N. (2005): Plant Pathology. 5th Ed. Burlington, Mass, Elsevier-Academic Press.
Avila-Miranda M.E. (2011): Enfermedades del agave y su manejo. In: Rendón-Salcido L.A., Avila-Miranda M.E., Rodríguez-Garay B., Del Real-Laborde J.I. (eds): Manual Técnico para el Establecimiento de Huertas Madre de Agave Azul, C.R.T. México, Prometeo editores SA de CV: 115–127.
Avila-Miranda M.E., Zazueta-López J.G., Arias-Castro C., Peña-Cabriales J.J. (2010): Vascular wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum in agave (Agave tequilana Weber var. azul). Journal of the Professional Association for Cactus Development, 12: 166–180.
Avila-Miranda M.E., Campos-León C., Peña-Cabriales J.J., Rodríguez-Mendiola M.A., Mancilla-Margalli N.A., Pérez-González F., Arias-Castro C. (2012): Genetic diversity and vegetative compatibility groups in Fusarium oxysporum cause of wilt symptoms in agave (Agave tequilana Weber var. azul). Gayana Botanica, 69: 40–48.
Beckman C.H. (1987): The Nature of Wilt Diseases of Plants. St. Paul, APS Press.
Beckman C.H. (1989): Colonization of the vascular system of plants by fungal wilt pathogens: A basis for modeling the interactions between host and parasite in time and space. In: Tjamos E.C., Beckman C.H. (eds): Vascular Wilt Diseases of Plants Basic Studies and Control. Berlin-Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag: 19–32.
Benhamou N., Charest P.M., Jarvis W.R. (1989): Biology and host-parasite relations of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-lycopersici. In: Tjamos E.C., Beckman C.H. (eds): Vascular Wilt Diseases of Plants Basic Studies and Control. Berlin-Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag: 95–105.
Booth C. (1971): The genus Fusarium. Kew, Commonwealth Mycological Institute.
Charest Pierre Mathieu, Ouellette G. B., Pauzé F. J. (1984): Cytological observations of early infection process by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici in tomato plants. Canadian Journal of Botany, 62, 1232-1244  https://doi.org/10.1139/b84-166
Correia K. C., Souza B. O., Câmara M. P. S., Michereff S. J. (2013): First Report of Stem Rot of Papaya Caused by Fusarium solani Species Complex in Brazil. Plant Disease, 97, 140-140  https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-06-12-0519-PDN
CRT (2010): Actualización de la base de datos y diagnóstico fitosanitario: Agave tequilana Weber var. azul. Comité Técnico Agronómico-Subcomité de Fitosanidad. Available at https://www.crt.org.mx/images/documentos/inventarioagave2010b.pdf (accessed June 10, 2015).
CRT (2016): Información Estadística. Available at www.crt.org.mx/EstadisticasCRTweb/ (accessed Mar 9, 2016).
Farr D.F., Rossman A.Y. (2015): Fungal databases, Systematic Mycology and Microbiology Laboratory, ARS, USDA. Available at http://nt.ars-grin.gov/fungaldatabases/ (accessed Apr 15, 2015).
Flores L.H.E., Ireta M.J., Ruíz C.J.A. (2010): Tecnología para la prevención y/o control de la marchitez del agave tequilero en Jalisco, 1st Ed. Guadalajara, Jal. México, Prometeo Editores: 1–5.
GILLIGAN C. A., BAILEY D. J. (1997): Components of pathozone behaviour. New Phytologist, 135, 475-490  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-8137.1997.00673.x
Graham J.H., Brlansky R.H., Timmer L.W., Lee R.F., Marais L.J., Bender G.S. (1985): Comparison of citrus tree declines with necrosis of major roots and their association with Fusarium solani. Plant Disease, 69: 1055–1058.
Gumpertz M.L. (1997): Testing binary response variables for spatial autocorrelation. In: Francland L.J., Neher D.A. (eds): Exercises in Plant Disease Epidemiology. St Paul, The American Phytopathological Society: 78–84.
Hall T.A. (1999): BioEdita user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for windows 95/98/INT. In: Nucleic Acid Symposium Series No. 41: 95–98.
Ireta-Moreno J., Rodríguez-González P., Flores-López H.E., Flores-Mendoza J. (2002): Epidemiología de la “marchitez” del agave azul Agave tequilana Weber variedad azul. In: Flores-López H.E. (ed.): Análisis agroecológico del Agave tequilana Weber variedad azul con énfasis en problemas fitosanitarios en Jalisco. Jalisco, México, Editorial Conexión Gráfica, S.A. de C.V: 51–62.
Koike S. T. (2011): Fusarium Crown and Root Rot of Tarragon in California Caused by Fusarium solani. Plant Disease, 95, 768-768  https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-01-11-0058
Koyyappurath S., Atuahiva T., Le Guen R., Batina H., Le Squin S., Gautheron N., Edel Hermann V., Peribe J., Jahiel M., Steinberg C., Liew E. C. Y., Alabouvette C., Besse P., Dron M., Sache I., Laval V., Grisoni M. (2016): Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-vanillae is the causal agent of root and stem rot of vanilla. Plant Pathology, 65, 612-625  https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.12445
Leslie J.F., Summerell B.A. (2006): The Fusarium Laboratory Manual. Hoboken, Blackwell Publishing.
Luna-Hernández G. (1996): Pudrición del tallo de Agave tequilana Weber en el estado de Jalisco. [Bachelor Thesis.] Texcoco, México, Universidad Autónoma de Chapingo.
MacHardy W.E., Beckman C.H. (1981): Vascular wilt Fusaria: infection and pathogenesis. In: Nelson P.E., Toussoun T.A., Cook. R.J. (eds): Fusarium: Diseases, Biology, and Taxonomy. Pennsylvania State University Press: 365–390.
Madden L.V., Hughes G., van den Bosch F. (2007): The Study of Plant Disease Epidemics. St. Paul, APS Press: 262.
Ortiz P.G., Sánchez A.A., Virgen-Calleros G., Carvajal-Cazola C.R., Padrón-Corral E. (2011): Incidencia y severidad de la marchitez del Agave tequilana Weber var. azul en la zona sur del estado de Nayarit, México. Revista Agraria-Nueva Época, 8: 21–25.
Pegg G.F. (1989): Pathogenesis in vascular diseases of plants. In: Tjamos E.C., Beckman C.H. (eds): Vascular Wilt Diseases of Plants Basic Studies and Control. Berlin-Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag: 51–94.
Raaijmakers Jos M., Paulitz Timothy C., Steinberg Christian, Alabouvette Claude, Moënne-Loccoz Yvan (2009): The rhizosphere: a playground and battlefield for soilborne pathogens and beneficial microorganisms. Plant and Soil, 321, 341-361  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-008-9568-6
Rupe J C, Correll J C, Guerber J C, Becton C M, Gbur, Jr. E E, Cummings M S, Yount P A (2001): Differentiation of the sudden death syndrome pathogen of soybean, Fusarium solani f.sp. glycines , from other isolates of F. solani based on cultural morphology, pathogenicity, and mitochondrial DNA restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Canadian Journal of Botany, 79, 829-835  https://doi.org/10.1139/b01-051
Uvalle B.J.X., Angelina B.R., Apodaca S.M.A. (2010): Manejo integral de enfermedades. In: División Agrícola (eds): Manejo integral del cultivo de Agave tequilana Weber, cv. azul. Orgánica Diseño Editorial: 99–133.
White T.J., Bruns T., Lee S., Taylor J. (1990): Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis M.A., Gelfand D.H., Sninsky J.J., White T.J. (eds): PCR Protocols: a Guide to Methods and Applications. New York, Academic Press: 315–322.
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences