Ascorbic acid, thiamine or salicylic acid induced changes in some physiological parameters in wheat grown under copper stress
A.-B.M. Al-Hakimi, A.M. Hamadahttps://doi.org/10.17221/20/2010-PPSCitation:Al-Hakimi A.-.M., Hamada A.M. (2011): Ascorbic acid, thiamine or salicylic acid induced changes in some physiological parameters in wheat grown under copper stress. Plant Protect. Sci., 47: 92-108.
The fresh and dry weight of roots and shoots of wheat seedlings showed a marked decrease as the concentration of copper (Cu) was increased. The contents of pectin, cellulose, soluble carbohydrates, and phospholipids in the roots and shoots of test plants were significantly lowered with the rise of Cu concentration. However, hemicellulose, lignin, total lipids, glycolipids, sterols and proline of roots and shoots were raised under Cu stress. Cu treatment also induced the stimulation of soluble, total and cell wall associated proteins, other free amino acids and total carbohydrates in shoots and a slight reduction in roots. The adverse effects of Cu toxicity treatments on root and shoot growth were partially alleviated by the treatment of test plants with ascorbic acid, thiamine (vitamin B1) and salicylic acid.Keywords:
ascorbic acid; vitamin B1; carbohydrates; cell wall fractions; copper; lipid fractions; proline; proteins; salicylic acid; Triticum aestivum L.