Effect of selected pesticides on the vitality and virulence of the entomopathogenicnematode Steinernema feltiae (Nematoda: Steinernematidae)
Š. Radováhttps://doi.org/10.17221/35/2009-PPSCitation:Radová Š. (2010): Effect of selected pesticides on the vitality and virulence of the entomopathogenicnematode Steinernema feltiae (Nematoda: Steinernematidae). Plant Protect. Sci., 46: 83-88.
The survival and infectivity of infective juveniles of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema feltiae (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) were determined after being exposed to 8 insecticides (a.i. kinoprene, lufenuron, methomyl, metoxyfenozide, oxamyl, piperonyl-butoxide, pyriproxyfen, tebufenozide), 7 acaricides (a.i. azocyclotin, clofentezin, diafenthiuron, etoxazole, fenbutatinoxide, fenpyroximate, tebufenpyrad) and 4 fungicides (a.i. captan, fenhexamid, kresoxim-methyl, nuarimol) under laboratory conditions. S. feltiae was tolerant to all tested insecticides and fungicides, mortality during 72 hours varied from 2.26% to 18.68 % and from 7.04% to 8.86%, respectively. Acaricides with a.i. fenpyroximate and tebufenpyrad considerably influenced the S. feltiae ability to infect larvae of Tenebrio molitor. Tebufenpyrad caused 95% and fenpyroximate 85% reduction in S. feltiae virulence. These results suggest that S. feltiae can be applied in combination with all tested pesticides except the acaricides with a.i. tebufenpyrad and fenpyroximate.Keywords:
Steinernema feltiae; compatibility; integrated pest management; acaricides; insecticides; fungicides