Formulation of entomopathogenic nematodes for crop pest control – a review

https://doi.org/10.17221/35/2016-PPSCitation:Cruz-Martínez H., Ruiz-Vega J., Matadamas-Ortíz P.T., Cortés-Martínez C.I., Rosas-Diaz J. (2017): Formulation of entomopathogenic nematodes for crop pest control – a review. Plant Protect. Sci., 53: 15-24.
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The different materials and methods used to develop biopesticides with entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) still limit the quality of the final product, reducing field efficacy and complicating application strategies. Therefore, the objective of this review is to identify priority areas to improve the EPN formulation process based on the scientific and technological research developed so far. The results show great progress in the EPN survival time, from 7 days to 180 days, through two types of formulations: water dispersible granules and calcium alginate capsules. Also, EPNs formulated and applied as insect cadavers showed higher efficacy for the pest control than the EPNs applied in an aqueous solution. We consider that the priority areas of research are: automated massive formulation and exploration of new additives with better properties that may lead to increase the infectivity in the field. It is concluded that the study of these aspects requires a systemic approach with greater involvement of the invertebrate physiology and systems modelling disciplines.

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