Citizen science reveals the current distribution of the new plant pest Aphis nerii in Slovakia A., Depa Ł., Kollár J., Suvák M., Holecová M., Goffová K., Országhová Z. (2020): Citizen science reveals the current distribution of the new plant pest Aphis nerii in Slovakia. Plant Protect. Sci., 56: 101-106.
download PDF

This paper presents the first record of the oleander aphid (Aphis nerii Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1841; Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Slovakia, and also one of the most northern record of this natural pest on the invasive common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca Linnaeus.;  Apocynaceae) in Central Europe. Modern social media crowdsourcing has achieved comprehensive distribution data in the horticultural community, and a total of 35 new distribution sites were discovered in 28 Slovak settlements, one new site in Austria, and one in the Czech Republic. It was further established that the oleander aphid could survive in anthropogenic refuges during the winter months.

Agrawal A.A., Fishbein M., Jetter R., Salminen J.P., Goldstein J.B., Freitag A.E., Sparks J.P. (2009): Phylogenetic ecology of leaf surface traits in the milkweeds (Asclepias spp.): Chemistry, ecophysiology, and insect behavior. New Phytologist, 183: 848–867.
Blackman R.L., Eastop V.F. (2019): Aphids on the world‘s plants. An online identification and information guide. Available at (accessed March 25, 2019).
Cambra M., Olmos A., Gorris M., Marroquín C., Esteban O., Garnsey S., Llauger R., Batista L., Peña I., de Mendoza A.H. (2000): Detection of Citrus tristeza virus by print capture and squash capture-PCR in plant tissues and single aphids. In: Proceedings of the 14th Conference of the International Organization of Citrus Virologists (1957–2010). 14: 42–49. Available at (accessed March 25, 2019).
Chamberlain J. (2018): Using Social Media for Biomonitoring: How Facebook, Twitter, Flickr and other social networking platforms can provide large-scale biodiversity data. In: Bohan D., Dumbrell A., Woodward G., Jackson M. (eds): Advances in Ecological Research: Next Generation Biomonitoring: Part 2: Volume 59. San Diego, Academic Press: 133–168.
Chumak V.O., Zhuravlyov V.V., Mihaly A.V., Halac V.V. (2016): New invasive species of aphids, registered in Ukraine. Ukrainska Entomofaunistyka, 7: 97.
Costa A., Starý P. (1988): Lysiphlebus testaceipes, an introduced aphid parasitoid in Portugal [Hym.: Aphidiidae]. Entomophaga, 33: 403–412.
Dickinson L., Zuckerberg B., Bonter D.N. (2010): Citizen science as an ecological research tool: Challenges and benefits. Janis Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 41: 149–172.
Elliott M., Massey B., Cui X., Hiebert E., Charudattan R., Waipara N., Hayes L. (2009): Supplemental host range of Araujia mosaic virus, a potential biological control agent of moth plant in New Zealand. Australasian Plant Pathology, 38: 603–607.
Gaertner E.E. (1979): History and use of milkweed (Asclepias syriaca L.). Economic Botany, 33: 119–123.
Haltrich A., Vas J. (1996): The mass appearance of milkweed-oleander aphid (Aphis nerii B. de F.) on common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca L.) in an apple orchard near Kecskemét, Hungary. Novenyvedelem (Hungary), 32: 67–70.
Harrison J.S., Mondor E.B. (2011): Evidence for an invasive aphid “Superclone”: Extremely low genetic diversity in oleander aphid (Aphis nerii) populations in the southern United States. PLoS ONE 6, e17524. doi: /10.1371/journal.pone.0017524
Hobbs H. (2000): Solanaceous weeds as possible sources of Cucumber mosaic virus in Southern Illinois for aphid transmission to pepper. Plant Disease, 84: 1221–1224.
Holman J. (2009): The Plants and their Aphids. In: Holman J. (ed.): Host Plant Catalog of Aphids. 1st Ed. Dordrecht, Springer: 675–1140.
Horváth Z., Szalay-Marzsó L. (1984): Aphis nerii B.D.F., az oleánder levéltetű megjelenése Magyarországon. Növényvédelem (Hungary), 20: 189–190.
Kagezi G.H., Voegtlin D., Weinzierl R.A. (1999): The aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) associated with bell peppers and surrounding vegetation in southern Illinois. Great Lakes Entomologist, 32: 161–173.
John A.T., Katis N.I., John T.M., Lykouressis D.P., Avgelis A.D., Gargalianou I., Zarpas K.D., Perdikis D.C., Papapanayotou A. (2007): A contribution to the aphid fauna of Greece. Bulletin of Insectology, 60: 31–38.
Malcolm S.B. (1986): Aposematism in a soft-bodied insect: a case for kin selection. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 18: 387–393.
Martel J.W., Malcolm S.B. (2004): Density-dependent reduction and induction of milkweed cardenolides by a sucking insect herbivore. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 30: 545–561.
McAuslane H. (2014): Oleander aphid. University of Florida, Florida. Available at (accessed March 25, 2019).
Misfud D., Zammit M., Petr S. (2013): Further contributions to the tritrophic plant-aphid-parasitoid associations in Malta with special reference to Aphis nerii (Hemiptera, Aphidoidea) as a prevalent refugium of Aphidiinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Bulletin of the Entomological Society of Malta, 6: 129–135.
Osiadacz B., Hałaj R. (2012): The update of systematic review of aphids (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Aphidomorpha) of Poland with host plant index. Wiadomości Entomologiczne, 31: 230–241.
Rani B.J., Sridhar V. (2005): Records of aphids [Homoptera: Aphididae] and their natural enemies on some medicinal and aromatic plants. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems, 11: 71–77.
EPPO (2015): Rapid pest risk analysis for Aphis nerii. Available at (accessed March 25, 2019).
Starý P. (1966): The Aphidiidae of Italy (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidae). Bollettino dell’Istituto di Entomologia della Università di Bologna, 28: 65–139.
Starý P. (1976): Aphid parasites (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) of the Mediterranean area. The Hague, Dr. W. Junk Publishers.
Vucurović A., Petrović-Obradović O., Vucetic Radonjic A., Nikolić D., Zecević K., Stanković I., Krstić B. (2018): Diversity and flight activity of aphid species as potential vectors of oilseed pumpkin viruses in Serbia. Ratarstvo
i Povrtarstvo, 55: 72–79.
Wojciechowski W., Depa Ł., Halgoš J., Matečný I., Lukáš J., Kanturski M. (2015): Aphids of Slovakia. Distributional catalogue, checklist, keys and list of host plants. Bratislava, Comenius University in Bratislava: 12–45.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti