Using leaf chlorophyll fluorescence for in-season diagnosing herbicide resistance in Echinochloa species at reproductive growth stage C., Kim D. (2018): Using leaf chlorophyll fluorescence for in-season diagnosing herbicide resistance in Echinochloa species at reproductive growth stage. Plant Protect. Sci., 54: 194-202.
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The chlorophyll fluorescence measurement to diagnose herbicide resistant Echinochloa species at the reproductive (late) growth stage was applied. The significant correlation between Fv/Fm (chlorophyll fluorescence measurements) and fresh weight (whole plant test) and the statistical similarity of R/S ratios between the two tests demonstrated that the chlorophyll fluorescence test could be reliably used to diagnose herbicide resistant Echinochloa spp. at the reproductive growth stage in a shorter period of time (within 10 days) compared with the conventional whole plant test.

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