Causal agents of stone fruit diseases in Slovenia and the potential for diminishing their economic impact – a review

https://doi.org/10.17221/58/2015-PPSCitation:Žežlina I., Rot M., Kač M., Trdan S. (2016): Causal agents of stone fruit diseases in Slovenia and the potential for diminishing their economic impact – a review. Plant Protect. Sci., 52: 149-157.
download PDF
In the last twenty years, stone fruit production in Slovenia has considerably decreased. Acreage with peaches and nectarines has been significantly reduced. Orchard renewal has decreased for various reasons; among them, the frequent occurrence of various diseases is the most significant. These diseases make the economic feasibility of stone fruit production difficult if not impossible. This review addresses the most important stone fruit diseases in Slovenia: European stone fruit yellows, sharka, bacterial leaf spot, bacterioses caused by Pseudomonas spp., perennial canker, and Fusicoccum canker. Additionally, this review focuses on the possibilities of reducing the damage caused by these diseases.
References:
Ambrožič Turk B. (2011): Phytoplasma diseases: possibilities of recovery of apricots. SAD, Revija za Sadjarstvo, Vinogradništvo in Vinarstvo, 22 (10): 6–7. (in Slovenian)
 
Ambrožič Turk B., Mehle N., Brzin J., Škerlavaj V., Seljak G., Ravnikar M. (2008): High infection pressure of ESFY phytoplasma threatens the cultivation of stone fruit species. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 4: 795–802.
 
Ambrozic Turk , Fajt N., Seljak G., Veberic R., Mehle N., Boben J., Dreo T., Ravnikar M. (2011): OCCURRENCE OF EUROPEAN STONE FRUIT YELLOWS (ESFY) IN SLOVENIA: POSSIBILITIES FOR HEALTHY MOTHER PLANT CULTIVATION IN INSECT-PROOF NET-HOUSES. Acta Horticulturae, , 259-264  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.917.35
 
Ambrožič Turk B., Fajt N., Mehle N., Dermastia M., Mavrič Pleško I. (2013): Tolerance assessment of different Prunus armeniaca cultivars to European stone fruit yellows phytoplasma. In: Trdan S., Maček J. (eds): 11th Slovenian Conference on Plant Protection (and the round table of risks reduction in phyto-pharmaceutical products use in the frame of CropSustaIn project), March 5–6, 2013, Bled, Slovenia. Ljubljana, Plant Protection Society of Slovenia: 78–83. (in Slovenian)
 
Atanasoff D. (1932): Plumpox. A New Virus Disease. Year Book University of Sofia, Faculty of Agriculture and Silviculture, 11: 49–69.
 
Bazzi C., Mazzucchi U. (1980): Epidemia di Xanthomonas pruni sususino. Informatore fitopatologico, 5: 11–17.
 
Briggs A.R. (1995): Cankers, blights and wood rots. In: Ogawa J.M., Zehr E.I., Bird G.W., Ritchie D.F., Uriu K., Uyemoto J.K. (eds): Compendium of Stone Fruit Diseases. St. Paul, The American Phytopathological Society: 28–30.
 
Brzin J., Petrovič N., Seljak G., Osler R., Ermacora P., Loi N., Carraro L., Ferrini F., Reffati E., Ravnikar M. (2011): First results on laboratory analyses of phytoplasmas on fruit trees. In: Dobrovoljc D., Urek G., Maček J. (eds): 5th Slovenian Conference on Plant Protection, March 6–8, 2001, Čatež ob Savi, Slovenia. Ljubljana, Plant Protection Society of Slovenia: 217–221. (in Slovenian)
 
CABI, EPPO (1997): Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae. In: Burger B., Smith I.M., McNamara D.G., Scott P.R., Holderness M. (eds): Quarantine Pests for Europe. Wallingford, University Press Cambridge, New York, CAB International: 1063–1066.
 
Carraro L., Ferrini F., Ermacora P., Loi N. (2004): TRANSMISSION OF EUROPEAN STONE FRUIT YELLOWS PHYTOPLASMA TO PRUNUS SPECIES BY USING VECTOR AND GRAFT TRANSMISSION. Acta Horticulturae, , 449-453  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2004.657.72
 
Dreo T., Pirc M., Ravnikar M. (2007): Bacteria from Pseudomonas spp. pathogenic on fruit trees. In: Maček J. (ed.): 8th Slovenian Conference on Plant Protection, March 6–7, 2007, Radenci, Slovenia. Ljubljana, Plant Protection Society of Slovenia: 127–133. (in Slovenian)
 
Fajt N., Seljak G., Prinčič M., Komel E., Veberič R., Mehle N., Boben J., Dreo T., Ravnikar M., Ambrožič Turk B. (2009): Assurance of healthy propagating material of stone fruits by cultivating mother trees in insect-proofnet-house. In: Maček J. (ed.): 9th Slovenian Conference on Plant Protection, March 4–5, 2009, Nova Gorica, Slovenia. Ljubljana, Plant Protection Society of Slovenia: 243–247. (in Slovenian)
 
Goidànich G. (1964): Manuale di patologia vegetale. Bologna, Edizioni Agricole Bologna.
 
Hattingh M.J., Roos I.M.M. (1995): Diseases caused by bacteria. Bacterial canker. In: Ogawa J.M., Zehr E.I., Bird G.W., Ritchie D.F., Uriu K., Uyemoto J.K. (eds): Compendium of Stone Fruit Diseases. St. Paul, The American Phytopathological Society: 48–50.
 
Kaya Kamuran, Gazel Mona, Serçe Çiğdem Ulubaş, Elçi Eminur, Cengiz Feza Can, Cambra Mariano, Çağlayan Kadriye (2014): Potential vectors of Plum pox virus in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Entomologia Generalis, 35, 137-150  https://doi.org/10.1127/0171-8177/2014/0019
 
Lalancette N., McFarland K. A. (2007): Phytotoxicity of Copper-Based Bactericides to Peach and Nectarine. Plant Disease, 91, 1122-1130  https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-9-1122
 
Llácer G., Cambra M. (2006): Hosts and symptoms of Plum pox virus: fruiting Prunus species. EPPO Bulletin, 36, 219-221  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2338.2006.00975.x
 
Neumüller M., Hartmann W. (2008): The phenotypically quantitative nature of hypersensitivity of European plum (Prunus domestica L.) against the Plum pox virus and its description using the hypersensitivity index. Horticultural Science, 35: 50–64.
 
Osler R., Barba M., Conti M. (2013): Recovery, un potenziale mezzo di lotta alle fitoplasmosi dei fruttiferi e della vite: il caso dell’albicocco con tolleranza indotta verso ESFY. Protezione delle Colture, 4: 11–14.
 
Pastore M., Raffone E., Santonastaso M., Priore R., Paltrinieri S., Bertaccini A., Simeone A.M. (2004): PHYTOPLASMA DETECTION IN EMPOASCA DECEDENS AND EMPOASCA SPP. AND THEIR POSSIBLE ROLE AS VECTORS OF EUROPEAN STONE FRUIT YELLOWS (16SRX-B) PHYTOPLASMA. Acta Horticulturae, , 507-511  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2004.657.82
 
Ponti I., Laffi F. (1988): Malattie crittogamiche delle piante da frutto. Edizioni L’Informatore Agrario. Verona, SNC Verona: 43–44.
 
Rankovic M., Dulic-Markovic I., Paunovic S. (1999): SHARKA VIRUS IN APRICOT AND ITS DIAGNOSIS. Acta Horticulturae, , 783-786  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1999.488.131
 
Rhouma A., Triki M.A., Ouerteni K., Mezghanni M. (2008): Chemical and biological control of Phomopsis amygdali the causal agent of constriction canker of almond in Tunisia. Tunisian Journal of Plant Protection, 3: 69–77.
 
Ritchie D.F. (1995): Diseases caused by bacteria. Bacterial spot. In: Ogawa J.M., Zehr E.I., Bird G.W., Ritchie D.F., Uriu K., Uyemoto J.K. (eds): Compendium of Stone Fruit Diseases. St. Paul, The American Phytopathological Society: 50–52.
 
Rot M. (2011): Fungal diseases of the wood in stone fruits. SAD, Revija za sadjarstvo, vinogradništvo in vinarstvo, 22 (10): 3–5. (in Slovenian)
 
Rubio M., García-Ibarra A., Dicenta F., Martínez-Gómez P. (2011): Plum pox virus (sharka) sensitivity in Prunus salicina and Prunus cerasifera cultivars against a Dideron-type isolate. Plant Breeding, 130, 283-286  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0523.2010.01813.x
 
Seljak G., Petrovič N. (2000): Diffusione e stato della ricerca delle malattie da fitoplasmi in Slovenia. Petria, 10: 133–139.
 
Seljak G., Dreo T., Ravnikar M. (2002): Breskova bakterijska pegavost (Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni) v nasadih breskev in sliv v Sloveniji. Sodobno kmetijstvo, 10: 424–427.
 
Seljak G., Rot M. (2013): Study of bionomics of Cacopsylla pruni in the Primorska region. In: Trdan S., Maček J. (eds): 11th Slovenian Conference on Plant Protection with International Participation (and the round table of risks reduction in phyto-pharmaceutical products use in the frame of CropSustaIn project), March 5–6, 2013, Bled, Slovenia. Ljubljana, Plant Protection Society of Slovenia: 89–95. (in Slovenian)
 
SQUIRE G. R., MANSFIELD T. A. (1974): THE ACTION OF FUSICOCCIN ON STOMATAL GUARD CELLS AND SUBSIDIARY CELLS. New Phytologist, 73, 433-440  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1974.tb02120.x
 
Statistical Office of Republic of Slovenia (2012): Available at http://pxweb.stat.si/pxweb/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=
 
1502404S&ti=&path=../Database/Okolje/15_kmetijstvo_ribistvo/04_rastlinska_pridelava/01_15024_pridelki_povrsina/&lang=2
 
Vigouroux A., Blache M. (1967): Un nouveau dépérissement de pêcherdans l’Ardèche. Phytoma, 192: 34–45,
 
VIRŠČEK MARN Mojca, MAVRIČ PLEŠKO Irena, ALTENBACH Denise, BITTERLIN Walter (2014): Sensitivity of field tests, serological and molecular techniques for Plum Pox Virus detection in various tissues. Acta agriculturae Slovenica, 103, 129-136  https://doi.org/10.14720/aas.2014.103.1.13
 
Wallis C. M., Fleischer S. J., Luster D., Gildow F. E. (2005): Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Species Composition and Potential Aphid Vectors of Plum Pox Virus in Pennsylvania Peach Orchards. Journal of Economic Entomology, 98, 1441-1450  https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/98.5.1441
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti