Relative resistance to Rice yellow mottle virus in rice
M.T. Salaudeenhttps://doi.org/10.17221/61/2012-PPSCitation:Salaudeen M.T. (2014): Relative resistance to Rice yellow mottle virus in rice . Plant Protect. Sci., 50: 1-8.
We identified sources of Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) resistance in rice cultivars. Eight cultivars together with susceptible and resistant controls were evaluated under screenhouse conditions as inoculated and uninoculated treatment in completely randomised design with three replications. Seedlings were inoculated with the virus by sap transmission at two weeks after sowing. Disease incidence and severity (scale 1–9: 1–3 = green leaves with sparse dots or streaks, 9 = yellow or orange leaves and some plant dead), yield, and agronomic traits were recorded. Data analyses included Area Under the Disease Progress Curve (AUDPC), independent t-test, and Analysis of Variance. According to differences in most measured traits control cultivars FARO 29 and Gigante were proved to be the most susceptible and partially tolerant ones, respectively. Cvs FARO 12, FARO 17, FARO 37, and FARO 52 were classified as partially tolerant. Uninoculated control plants performed better than the inoculated for all the yield and agronomic parameters. Reduction in plant height (6%) and number of tillers per plant (4.8%), increased days to heading (3 days), and reduction in paddy yield (6.5%) was lowest in cv. Gigante. Paddy yield per plant of the RYMV-inoculated was the highest in cv. Gigante (2.4 g). The rice cultivars which combined RYMV-resistance with high-yield could be utilised in rice breeding programmes in order to enhance food security.Keywords:
AUDPC; genetic resistance; rice; Rice yellow mottle virus; yield reduction