Distribution and harmfulness of Plasmopara halstedii on sunflower in the Czech Republic
M. Sedlářová, Z. Trojanová, A. Lebedahttps://doi.org/10.17221/62/2012-PPSCitation:Sedlářová M., Trojanová Z., Lebeda A. (2013): Distribution and harmfulness of Plasmopara halstedii on sunflower in the Czech Republic. Plant Protect. Sci., 49: 1-10.
In 2007–2012 the first detailed study of P. halstedii distribution and severity was performed in the Czech Republic by monitoring altogether 128 localities. Incidence of the pathogen was recorded at seven localities in south-eastern (Central and South Moravia) and central parts (East and Central Bohemia) of the country; at only four localities the occurrence of sunflower downy mildew symptoms and pathogen sporulation were recorded repeatedly. In all cases the primary infection prevailed, and the severity of infections was rather low. The majority of records were for sunflower experimental fields (e.g. fields of Central Institute for Supervising and Testing in Agriculture. Brno-Chrlice, Czech Republic), one record came from a commercial field and one record from a hobby field. Results of surveys indicate that reservoirs of primary inoculum likely exist in the soil contaminated by P. halstedii oospores in these habitats, but additional transfer by infected seed may be possible. Historical and geographical consequences of recorded infections are discussed, as well as virulence variation in the Czech pathogen populations which is currently in the process of investigation.Keywords:
sunflower downy mildew; Helianthus annuus; disease incidence; disease severity; pathogen population; quarantine disease