Pesticide use in vegetable production: A survey of Vietnamese farmers’ knowledge T.M., Le N.T.T., Havukainen J., Hannaway D.B. (2018): Pesticide use in vegetable production: A survey of Vietnamese farmers’ knowledge. Plant Protect. Sci., 54: 203-214.
download PDF

Concerns about inappropriate storage, application rates, and disposal practices of pesticides prompted this case study of Vietnamese farmers’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices. 128 small-scale vegetable growers in Lam Dong Province were included in field surveys, questionnaires, and interviews. Farmers reported inappropriate mixing of pesticides and disposal methods. Many also reported ill-timed applications posing potential hazards to the human health and environment. Improved training and monitoring of pesticide residues on foodstuffs and in agricultural soils and community water supplies are needed to ensure safe farmer practices. Community-based training and education, jointly funded by local, national, and international agricultural production and food safety groups, would be a cost-effective method of minimising pesticide applications and improving food safety.

Abhilash P.C., Singh Nandita (2009): Pesticide use and application: An Indian scenario. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 165, 1-12
Adjrah Y., Dovlo A., Karou S.D., Eklu-Gadegbeku K., Agbonon A., de Souza C., Gbeassor M. (2013): Survey of pesticide application on vegetables in the Littoral area of Togo. The Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 20: 715–720.
Almvik M., Swendsen N.O., Giang V.T. (2012): Food safety in Vietnam: Norway-Vietnam cooperation on pesticide residue analysis in vegetables. Bioforsk Tema, 7 (4): 1–8.
Atreya Kishor (2007): Pesticide use knowledge and practices: A gender differences in Nepal. Environmental Research, 104, 305-311
BTNMT-TT08 (2007): Statistics on agricultural land. Lam Dong Natural Resource and Environment Department. Available at (accessed Dec 07, 2016).
Cloyd R.A. (2012): Indirect effects of pesticides on natural enemies. In: Soundararajan R.P. (ed.): Pesticides – Advances in Chemical and Botanical Pesticides. Charper 6. Rijeka, In Tech: 127–150.
Cole Donald C, Vanderlinden Loren, Leah Jessica, Whate Rich, Mee Carol, Bienefeld Monica, Wanigaratne Susitha, Campbell Monica (2011): Municipal bylaw to reduce cosmetic/non-essential pesticide use on household lawns - a policy implementation evaluation. Environmental Health, 10, -
Dinham Barbara (2003): Growing vegetables in developing countries for local urban populations and export markets: problems confronting small-scale producers. Pest Management Science, 59, 575-582
Ecobichon Donald J. (2001): Pesticide use in developing countries. Toxicology, 160, 27-33
Epstein Lynn, Bassein Susan (2003): P ATTERNS OF P ESTICIDE U SE IN C ALIFORNIA AND T HE I MPLICATIONS FOR S TRATEGIES FOR R EDUCTION OF P ESTICIDES. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 41, 351-375
Van Hoi Pham, Mol Arthur P.J., Oosterveer Peter, van den Brink Paul J. (2009): Pesticide distribution and use in vegetable production in the Red River Delta of Vietnam. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 24, 174-185
Van Hoi Pham, Mol Arthur, Oosterveer Peter (2013): State governance of pesticide use and trade in Vietnam. NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, 67, 19-26
Hoi Pham V., Mol Arthur P.J., Oosterveer Peter, van den Brink Paul J., Huong Pham T.M. (2016): Pesticide use in Vietnamese vegetable production: a 10-year study. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 14, 325-338
Hurtig Anna Karin, Sebastián Miguel San, Soto Alejandro, Shingre Angel, Zambrano Diocles, Guerrero Walter (2003): Pesticide Use among Farmers in the Amazon Basin of Ecuador. Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal, 58, 223-228
ILS (2013): Some issues on plant protection and quarantine. Hanoi, Institute for Legislative Studies.
Jeyanthi H., Kombairaju S. (2005): Pesticide use in vegetable crops: frequency, intensity and determinant factors. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 18: 209–221.
Johnson G.I., Weinberger K., Wu M.H. (2008): The Vegetable Industry in Tropical Asia: An overview of production and trade, with a focus on Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, and India. Shanhua, Taiwan: AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center.
Kannan Kurunthachalam., Tanabe Shinsuke., Ramesh Aramandla., Subramanian Annamalai., Tatsukawa Ryo. (1992): Persistent organochlorine residues in foodstuffs from India and their implications on human dietary exposure. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 40, 518-524
Lam Dong Crop Production and Plant Protection Sub Department (2013): The situation of pesticides use on vegetable in Lam Dong [Report.] Available at (accessed Dec 07, 2016).
Metcalf R L (1980): Changing Role of Insecticides in Crop Protection. Annual Review of Entomology, 25, 219-256
Ngowi A.V.F., Mbise T.J., Ijani A.S.M., London L., Ajayi O.C. (2007): Smallholder vegetable farmers in Northern Tanzania: Pesticides use practices, perceptions, cost and health effects. Crop Protection, 26, 1617-1624
Nguyen V.T. (2001): Current use of plant protection chemicals for organic crops production and integrated pest management. In: Jha V. (ed.): Greening Trade in Vietnam. UNCTAD Analytical studies on Trade, Environment and Development, UNCTAD/DITC/TED/8: 175–187.
Nguyen T.X. (2003): Who will protect green vegetables? Tri Thuc Tre Magazine, 101: 14–16.
Nguyen T. (2014): Plant protection services: A door for safe agricultural production. Available at (accessed Dec 07, 2016).
Nguyen H.D., Tran C.T., Nguyen V.H., Nguyen T.L., Dang V.M., Tran D.T., Huynh T.L.N., Nguyen T.P., Thai T.S. (1999): Impact of agro-chemical use on productivity and health in Vietnam. [Research report.] Available at (accessed Dec 07, 2016).
Ogle Britta M, Johansson Madelene, Tuyet Ho Thi, Johannesson Lena (2001): Evaluation of the significance of dietary folate from wild vegetables in Vietnam. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 10, 216-221
Oluwole Oluwafemi, Cheke Robert A. (2011): Health and environmental impacts of pesticide use practices: a case study of farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 7, 153-163
Hoai Pham Manh, Sebesvari Zita, Minh Tu Binh, Viet Pham Hung, Renaud Fabrice G. (2011): Pesticide pollution in agricultural areas of Northern Vietnam: Case study in Hoang Liet and Minh Dai communes. Environmental Pollution, 159, 3344-3350
Pimental D., Paoletti M.G. (2009): Environmental impact of genetically modified crops. In: Ferry N., Gatehouse A.M.R. (eds): Developing a 21st Century View of Agriculture and the Environment. Wallingford, CABI Publishing: 42–58.
Polidoro Beth A., Dahlquist Ruth M., Castillo Luisa E., Morra Matthew J., Somarriba Eduardo, Bosque-Pérez Nilsa A. (2008): Pesticide application practices, pest knowledge, and cost-benefits of plantain production in the Bribri-Cabécar Indigenous Territories, Costa Rica. Environmental Research, 108, 98-106
Rahman Sanzidur (2003): Farm-level pesticide use in Bangladesh: determinants and awareness. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 95, 241-252
Recena Maria Celina P., Caldas Eloisa D., Pires Dario X., Pontes Elenir Rose J.C. (2006): Pesticides exposure in Culturama, Brazil—Knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Environmental Research, 102, 230-236
Shomar Basem, Al-Saad Khalid, Nriagu Jerome (2014): Mishandling and exposure of farm workers in Qatar to organophosphate pesticides. Environmental Research, 133, 312-320
Smit Z.K., Indjic D., Belic S., Miloradov M. (2002): Effect of water quality on physical properties and biological activity of tank mix insecticide-fungicide spray. In: Paroussi G., Voyiatzis D., Paroussis E. (eds): Proceedings 2nd Balkan Symposium on Vegetables and Potatoes. International Society Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium: 551–556.
Srinivasan R. (2012): Integrating bio-pesticides in pest management strategies for tropical vegetable production. Journal of Bio-pesticides, 5 (Suppl.): 36–45.
Tijani A. A. (2017): Pesticide Use Practices and Safety Issues: The Case of Cocoa Farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology, 19, 183-190
Trinh L.N., Watson J.W., Hue N.N., De N.N., Minh N.V., Chu P., Sthapit B.R., Eyzaguirre P.B. (2003): Agrobiodiversity conservation and development in Vietnamese home gardens. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 97, 317-344
Varela, G., Navarro, M.P. (1988): Influence of pesticides on the utilization of food. Bibliotheca Nutritio et Dieta, 4: 40–54.
Viviana Waichman Andrea, Eve Evaldice, Celso da Silva Nina Nailson (2007): Do farmers understand the information displayed on pesticide product labels? A key question to reduce pesticides exposure and risk of poisoning in the Brazilian Amazon. Crop Protection, 26, 576-583
Weinberger Katinka, Srinivasan R. (2009): Farmers' management of cabbage and cauliflower pests in India and their approaches to crop protection. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 12, 253-259
Ntow William J, Gijzen Huub J, Kelderman Peter, Drechsel Pay (2006): Farmer perceptions and pesticide use practices in vegetable production in Ghana. Pest Management Science, 62, 356-365
Williamson S, Little A, Ali M Arif, Kimani M, Meir C, Oruko L (2003): Aspects of cotton and vegetable farmers' pest management decision-making in India and Kenya. International Journal of Pest Management, 49, 187-198
Wilson Clevo, Tisdell Clem (2001): Why farmers continue to use pesticides despite environmental, health and sustainability costs. Ecological Economics, 39, 449-462
Xu Rui, Kuang Rongping, Pay Even, Dou Hong, de Snoo Geert R. (2008): Factors contributing to overuse of pesticides in western China. Environmental Sciences, 5, 235-249
Zhou Jiehong, Jin Shaosheng (2009): Safety of vegetables and the use of pesticides by farmers in China: Evidence from Zhejiang province. Food Control, 20, 1043-1048
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti