Comparative effect of different insecticides on the growth and yield of soybeans S.K., Adhikari B., Adhikari A., Kim I., Kim J., Shin D. (2020): Comparative effect of different insecticides on the growth and yield of soybeans. Plant Protect. Sci., 56: 206-213.
supplementary materialdownload PDF

The yield of soybeans, an economically important crop worldwide, is substantially reduced by different abiotic and biotic factors, including insect pests. Different insecticides are applied to control soybean insect pests. The application of insecticides may also affect the plants along with the pests. The effects of four insecticides (fenitrothion, etofenprox, thiamethoxam, and lambda-cyhalothrin-cum-thiamethoxam; LT) on the growth and yield of two soybean cultivars over two years were investigated. The plant height (PH), pod number, shoot dry matter without seed (SDWS), total shoot dry matter, seed yield per plant (SYP), harvest index (HI), and hundred-seed weight significantly varied with the insecticides. However, the primary branch number was not significantly affected by the insecticides. Significant interactions between the year and insecticide, except for the SDWS and HI, indicated that the growing environment also affected the influence of the insecticides. The PH was significantly tall in the thiamethoxam (50.07 cm) and short for the LT (46.66 cm) application. The SYP was significantly high for the LT (20.51 g) and low for the fenitrothion (11.51 g). This study showed that the type of insecticide could significantly affect the plant growth and yield of the soybean.

Ahemad M. (2014): Growth suppression of legumes in pyriproxyfen stressed soils: a comparative study. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 26: 66–72.
Ahmad K.A., Dwivedi H., Dwivedi P. (2014): Residual impact of triazophos on the germination of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Var. Lok-1. Advances in Life Science and Technology, 21: 18–20.
Almeida A.S., Deuner C., Borges C.T., Meneghello G.E., Jauer A., Villela F.A. (2014a): Treatment of rice seeds with thiamethoxam: reflections on physiological performance. Journal of Seed Science, 36: 458–464
Almeida S.A., Villela F.A.V., Meneghello G.E., Deuner C., de Tunes L.M., Zimmer P.D., Jauer A. (2014b): Physiological performance of common bean seeds treated with bioactivator with and without moisture restriction. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5: 3769–3776.
Alves T.M., Marston Z.P., MacRae I.V., Koch R.L. (2017): Effects of foliar insecticides on leaf-level spectral reflectance of soybean. Journal of Economic Entomology, 110: 2436–2442.
Bennett E.J., Roberts J.A., Wagstaff C. (2011): The role of the pod in seed development: strategies for manipulating yield. New Phytologists, 190: 838–853.
Board J., Tan Q. (1995): Assimilatory capacity effects on soybean yield components and pod number. Crop Science, 35: 846–851.
Cataneo A.C., Ferreira L.C., Carvalho J.C., Andréo-Souza Y., Corniani N., Mischan M.M., Nunes J.C. (2010): Improved germination of soybean seed treated with thiamethoxam under drought conditions. Seed Science and Technology, 38: 248–251.
Corrêa-Ferreira B.S., De Azevedo J. (2002): Soybean seed damage by different species of stink bugs. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 4: 145–150.
Dalvi R.R., Singh B., Salunkhe D.K. (1972): Influence of selected pesticides on germination and associated metabolic changes in wheat and mung bean seeds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 20: 1000–1003.
Dhungana S.K., Kim I.D., Kwak H.S., Shin D.H. (2016): Unraveling the effect of structurally different classes of insecticide on germination and early plant growth of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 130: 39–43.
Domagalska M.A., Leyser O. (2011): Signal integration in the control of shoot branching. Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, 12: 211–221.
Gafar M.O., Elhag A.Z., Abdelgader M.A. (2013): Impact of pesticides malathion and sevin on growth of Snake Cucumber (Cucumis melo L. var. Flexuosus) and soil. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 1: 81–84.
Gange A.C, Brown V.K., Farmer L.M. (1992): Effects of pesticides on the germination of weed seeds: implications for manipulative experiments. Journal of Applied Ecology, 29: 303–310.
Hummel N.A., Mészáros A., Ring D.R., Beuzelin J.M., Stout M.J. (2014): Evaluation of seed treatment insecticides for management of the rice water weevil, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in commercial rice fields in Louisiana. Crop Protection, 65: 37–42.
Kirschbaum M.U. (2011): Does enhanced photosynthesis enhance growth? Lessons learned from CO2 enrichment studies. Plant Physiology, 155: 117–124.
Kogan M., Herzog D.C. (1980): Sampling Methods in Soybean Entomology. New York, Springer.
Kumar R., Khurana A., Sharma A.K. (2014): Role of plant hormones and their interplay in development and ripening of fleshy fruits. Journal of Experimental Botany, 65: 4561–4575.
Larsen R.J., Falk D.E. (2013): Effects of a seed treatment with a neonicotinoid insecticide on germination and freezing tolerance of spring wheat seedlings. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 93: 535–540.
Lopes E.C.A., Destro D., Montalván R., Ventura M.U., Guerra E.P. (1997): Genetic gain and correlations among traits for stink bug resistance in soybean. Euphytica, 97: 161–166.
Macedo W.R., e Castro P.R.d.C. (2011): Thiamethoxam: Molecule moderator of growth, metabolism and production of spring wheat. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 100: 299–304.
Macedo W.R., Araújo D.K., e Castro P.R.d.C. (2013a): Unravelling the physiologic and metabolic action of thiamethoxam on rice plants. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 107: 244–249.
Macedo W.R., Fernandes G.M., Possenti R.A., Lambais G.R., e Castro P.R.d.C. (2013b): Responses in root growth, nitrogen metabolism and nutritional quality in Brachiaria with the use of thiamethoxam. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 35: 205–211.
Moore M., Kröger R. (2010): Effect of three insecticides and two herbicides on rice (Oryza sativa) seedling germination and growth. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 59: 574–581.
Müller D., Leyser O. (2011): Auxin, cytokinin and the control of shoot branching. Annals of Botany, 107: 1203–1212.
North J.H., Gore J., Catchot A.L., Stewart S.D., Lorenz G.M., Musser F.R., Cook D.R., Kerns D.L., Dodds D.M. (2016): Value of neonicotinoid insecticide seed treatments in mid-south soybean (Glycine max) production systems. Journal of Economic Entomology, 109: 1156–1160.
Ongaro V., Leyser O. (2007): Hormonal control of shoot branching. Journal of Experimental Botany, 59: 67–74.
Paul M.J., Foyer C.H. (2001): Sink regulation of photosynthesis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 52: 1383–1400.
Pomber L., Weinberger P., Prasad R. (1979): Some phytotoxic effects of fenitrothion on the germination and early seedling growth of Picea glauca (MOENCH) Voss and Betula alleghaniensis Britton. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 22: 494–499.
Preetha G., Stanley J. (2012): Influence of neonicotinoid insecticides on the plant growth attributes of cotton and okra. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 35: 1234–1245.
Regan K., Ordosch D., Glover K.D., Tilmon K.J., Szczepaniec A. (2017): Effects of a pyrethroid and two neonicotinoid insecticides on population dynamics of key pests of soybean and abundance of their natural enemies. Crop Protecion, 98: 24–32.
Rogers D.J., Brier H.B. (2010): Pest-damage relationships for Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on soybean (Glycine max) and dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) during pod-fill. Crop Protection, 29: 47–57.
Sardar D., Kole R.K. (2005): Metabolism of chlorpyrifos in relation to its effect on the availability of some plant nutrients in soil. Chemosphere, 61: 1273–1280.
Schaller G.E., Bishopp A., Kieber J.J. (2015): The yin-yang of hormones: cytokinin and auxin interactions in plant development. Plant Cell, 27: 44–63.
Shen W., Cevallos-Cevallos J.M., Nunes da Rocha U., Arevalo H.A., Stansly P.A., Roberts P.D., van Bruggen A.H.C. (2013): Relation between plant nutrition, hormones, insecticide applications, bacterial endophytes, and Candidatus Liberibacter Ct values in citrus trees infected with Huanglongbing. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 137: 727–742.
Siddiqui Z.S., Ahmed S. (2006): Combined effects of pesticide on growth and nutritive composition of soybean plants. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 38: 721–733.
Suzuki N., Hokyo N., Kiritani K. (1991): Analysis of injury timing and compensatory reaction of soybean to feeding of the southern green stink bug and the bean bug. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 26: 279–287.
Tiyagi S.A., Ajaz S., Azam M.F. (2004): Effect of some pesticides on plant growth, root nodulation and chlorophyll content of chickpea. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 50: 529–533.
Weinberger P., Pomber L., Prasad R. (1978): Some toxic effects of fenitrothion on seed germination and early seedling growth of jack pine, spruce, and birches. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 8: 243–246.
Woodward F.I. (2002): Potential impacts of global elevated CO2 concentrations on plants. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 5: 207–211.
supplementary materialdownload PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti