First Report of Plasmopara halstedii New Races 705 and 715 on sunflower from the Czech Republic – Short Communication

https://doi.org/10.17221/7/2016-PPSCitation:Sedlářová M., Pospíchalová R., Drábková Trojanová Z., Bartůšek T., Slobodianová L., Lebeda A. (2016): First Report of Plasmopara halstedii New Races 705 and 715 on sunflower from the Czech Republic – Short Communication. Plant Protect. Sci., 52: 182-187.
download PDF
Downy mildew caused by Plasmopara halstedii significantly reduces annual yields of sunflower. At least 42 races of P. halstedii have been identified around the world. For the first time to our knowledge, races 705 and 715 of P. halstedii have been isolated, originating from sunflower plants collected at a single site (Podivín, South-East Moravia) in the Czech Republic at the beginning of June 2014. This enlarges the global number of the so far identified and reported races of P. halstedii to 44. The increasing complexity of P. halstedii pathogenicity led to race identification newly by a five-digit code. According to this new nomenclature, the two races of P. halstedii recorded in the Czech Republic are characterised by virulence profiles 705 71 and 715 71.
References:
Bán R., Kovács A., Körösi K., Perczel M., Turóczi G. (2014a): First report on the occurrence of a new pathotype, 714, of Plasmopara halstedii (sunflower downy mildew) in Hungary. Plant Disease, 98: 1580–1581.
 
Bán R., Kovács A., Perczel M., Körösi K., Turóczi G. (2014b): First report on the increased distribution of pathotype 704 of Plasmopara halstedii in Hungary. Plant Disease, 98: 844.
 
Bojňanský V. (1956): Peronospora slnečnicová (Plasmopara halstedii) Farlow (Berl. & de Toni) v ČSR. Poľno-
 
hospodárstvo, 3: 397–401.
 
Bojňanský V. (1957): Bude peronospora slnečnicová i u nás vážnou chorobou? Za vysokou úrodu, 6: 19.
 
Gascuel Quentin, Martinez Yves, Boniface Marie-Claude, Vear Felicity, Pichon Magalie, Godiard Laurence (2015): The sunflower downy mildew pathogen Plasmopara halstedii. Molecular Plant Pathology, 16, 109-122  https://doi.org/10.1111/mpp.12164
 
Goossen P. G., Sackston W. E. (1968): Transmission and biology of sunflower downy mildew. Canadian Journal of Botany, 46, 5-10  https://doi.org/10.1139/b68-002
 
Gulya T.J. (1995): Proposal of a revised system of classifying races of sunflower downy mildew. In: Proceedings 17th Sunflower Research Workshop, Jan 12–13, 1995, Fargo, USA: 76–78.
 
Gulya T.J. (2007): Distribution of Plasmopara halstedii races from sunflower around the world. In: Lebeda A., Spencer-Phillips P.T.N. (eds): Advances in Downy Mildew Research. Vol. 3. Kostelec na Hané, Palacký University in Olomouc and JOLA: 121–134.
 
Gulya T.J., Miller J.F., Virányi F., Sackston W.E. (1991): Proposed internationally standardized method for race identification of Plasmopara halstedii. Helia, 14: 11–20.
 
Liu Zhao, Gulya Thomas J., Seiler Gerald J., Vick Brady A., Jan Chao-Chien (2012): Molecular mapping of the Pl 16 downy mildew resistance gene from HA-R4 to facilitate marker-assisted selection in sunflower. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 125, 121-131  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-012-1820-z
 
Mouzeyar S., Labrouhe D. Tourvieille, Vear F. (1994): Effect of Host-race Combination on Resistance of Sunflower, Helianthus annuus L., to Downy Mildew Plasmopara balstedii. Journal of Phytopathology, 141, 249-258  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0434.1994.tb01468.x
 
Nishimura M. (1922): Studies in Plasmopara halstedii. Journal of College of Agriculture, Hokkaido Imperial University, XI (3): 85–210.
 
OROS G., VIRÁNYI F. (1987): Glasshouse evaluation of fungicides for the control of sunflower downy mildew (Plasmopara halstedii). Annals of Applied Biology, 110, 53-63  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1987.tb03232.x
 
Qi L. L., Long Y. M., Jan C. C., Ma G. J., Gulya T. J. (2015): Pl 17 is a novel gene independent of known downy mildew resistance genes in the cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 128, 757-767  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-015-2470-8
 
Rozynek B., Spring O. (2001): Leaf Disc Inoculation, a Fast and Precise Test for the Screening of Metalaxyl Tolerance in Sunflower Downy Mildew. Journal of Phytopathology, 149, 309-312  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0434.2001.00618.x
 
Sackston W.E., Gulya T.J., Miller J.F. (1990): A proposed international system of designating races of Plasmopara halstedii. Plant Disease, 74: 721–723.
 
Sedlářová M., Trojanová Z., Lebeda A. (2013): Distribution and harmfulness of Plasmopara halstedii on sunflower in the Czech Republic. Plant Protection Science, 49: 1–10.
 
Spurný M. (2005): Hybridy slunečnice Rustica úspěšné v boji proti plazmopaře. In: Řepka, mák, slunečnice a hořčice, Feb 22–23, 2005, Česká zemědělská společnost na ČZU v Praze a Katedra rostlinné výroby, Prague: 164–166.
 
Tourvieille de Labrouhe D., Gulya T.J., Maširevic S., Penaud A., Rashid K., Virányi F. (2000): New nomenclature of races of Plasmopara halstedii (sunflower downy mildew). In: Proceedings 5th International Sunflower Conference, June 12–15, 2012, Toulouse, France: I 61–I 66.
 
Tourvieille de Labrouhe D., Walser P., Jolivot D., Roche S., Serre F., Leguillon M., Delmotte F., Bordat A., Godiard L., Vincourt P., Vear F. (2012): Proposal for improvement of sunflower downy mildew race nomenclature. In: Proceedings 18th International Sunflower Conference, Feb 27–March 1, 2012, Mar Del Plata, Argentina: 6.
 
Trojanová Z., Sedlářová M., Bartůšek T., Stojaspal K., Lebeda A. (2013): Studium populace Plasmopara halstedii na území CR v letech 2007–2013, rozšíření a variabilita. Mykologické listy, 125: 36. (Abstract)
 
Viranyi Ferenc, Gulya Thomas J., Tourvieille Denis Labrouhe (2015): Recent Changes in the Pathogenic Variability of Plasmopara Halstedii (Sunflower Downy Mildew) Populations from Different Continents. Helia, 0, -  https://doi.org/10.1515/helia-2015-0009
 
Zimmer D. E. (1974): Physiological Specialization Between Races of Plasmopara halstedii in America and Europe. Phytopathology, 64, 1465-  https://doi.org/10.1094/Phyto-64-1465
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti