Characteristics of powdery mildew and its importance for wheat grown in Poland

https://doi.org/10.17221/99/2019-PPSCitation:Pietrusińska A., Tratwal A. (2020): Characteristics of powdery mildew and its importance for wheat grown in Poland. Plant Protect. Sci., 56: 141-153.
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Powdery mildew of grasses and cereals (Blumeria graminis) is a fungal plant disease which is caused by species of fungi from the Erysiphaceae order. B. graminis is a biotrophic parasite, biologically diverse parasite with a high degree of specialization in certain host species and with numerous physiological breeds adapted to different varieties of a particular host species. In Poland, powdery mildew of cereals and grasses is recorded every year, and its greatest intensity is in south-eastern and south-western regions. The degree of infestation by B. graminis varies every year. This means that the disease occurs every year, in greater or lesser severity. Therefore, it requires monitoring (harmfulness thresholds) and chemical control practically in every vegetation season. Nowadays, an important role is played by immunological breeding. In breeding programs, resistance genes from wild crop forms, primitive and indigenous varieties are an effective tool. The introduction of effective resistance genes into cultivated varieties is a common procedure used in breeding program.
The aim of this study was to describe the fungal disease of plants from the group of powdery mildews caused by
B. graminis as an overview.

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