Exploitation of the mycoparasitic fungus Pythium oligandrum in plant protection – A review
Jana Brožováhttps://doi.org/10.17221/4818-PPSCitation:Brožová J. (2002): Exploitation of the mycoparasitic fungus Pythium oligandrum in plant protection – A review. Plant Protect. Sci., 38: 30-35.
Pythium oligandrum Drechs. belongs to the order Oomycetes. It is parasitic on many fungi from the same or other orders. The antagonism of P. oligandrum is a multifaceted process dependent on the target species involved. P. oligandrum is nonpathogenic on 12 species of crops from six families. It does not attack their tissue but occurs on the root surface, predominantly in the regions of hypocotyl – taproot, together with plant pathogenic fungi. It utilises the root exudates and fungus hyphae on the root surface, including those of the plant pathogens, for its own support. A growth stimulation of plants was observed. P. oligandrum can be utilised for biological control on a wide spectrum of crop plants. Different methods of application have been developed. The effect of a mycoparasite preparation is more preventive.
biological control; soil fungi; antagonism; rhizosphere; growth stimulation; Botrytis cinerea