Effect of fungicides on the growth of fungi isolated from in vitro propagated fruit-bearing plants
M. Kowalik, M. Gródekhttps://doi.org/10.17221/10482-PPSCitation:Kowalik M., Gródek M. (2002): Effect of fungicides on the growth of fungi isolated from in vitro propagated fruit-bearing plants. Plant Protect. Sci., 38: 329-331.
The aim of the work was to determine the effect of fungicides: Topsin M 70 WG, Bravo 500 SC, and Sportak 45 EC in two concentrations on the growth of fungi: Aspergillus niger, Epicoccum purpurascens, Cladosporium sphaerospermum, Mortierella isabellina and Penicillium verrucosum var. verrucosum on PDA and Murashige-Skoog medium (MS). The smallest index of linear growth rate of the fungi had Topsin M 70 WG for fungi: E. purpurascens and P. verrucosum var. verrucosum on PDA and MS medium and for M. isabellina and C. sphaerospermum on MS in concentrations of 71.42 mg/l and 107.13 mg/l. The highest index of linear growth had Bravo 500 SC in concentrations of 0.5 ml/l and 0.75 ml/l on PDA for E. purpurascens and A. niger. The lowest index of linear growth on MS for E. purpurascens, C. sphaerospermum and P. verrucosum var. verrucosum was noted down. The highest effectiveness in control of linear growth all tested species of fungi was found for fungicide Sportak 45 EC in concentration of 0.55 ml/l and 0.825 ml/l on MS and PDA. Among all tested fungicides used in vitro propagation fungicides from imidazoles group are recommended.Keywords:
fungi; fungicides; in vitro; micopropagation