Monitoring of incidence and determination of fungi on caraway, fennel, coriander and anise, consideration of disease importance and possibility of chemical protection
L. Odstrčilová, M. Ondřej, B. Kocourková, G. Růžičkováhttps://doi.org/10.17221/10485-PPSCitation:Odstrčilová L., Ondřej M., Kocourková B., Růžičková G. (2002): Monitoring of incidence and determination of fungi on caraway, fennel, coriander and anise, consideration of disease importance and possibility of chemical protection. Plant Protect. Sci., 38: 340-343.
The incidence of fungi on caraway (Carum carvi L.), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.), coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and anise (Pimpinella anisum L.) was observed on several localities in the Czech Republic. Incidence of 26 parasitic and saprophytic fungi were found on fennel, 35 species on coriander, 21 species on anise and 34 species on caraway. Small plot trials of spices were evaluated during the whole growing season. The fungicides in caraway were applied in different growth stages. The test results showed high effectiveness of autumn and early spring applications on the most dangerous pathogen of caraway – Mycocentrospora acerina. Three fungicides were tested in fennel field trials showing sufficient force against pathogenic fungus Cercosporidium punctum. The complex of root fungi causes the serious damage of coriander. Foliar application of fungicides did not present adequate effect. Four growth regulators were tested, but all of them increased incidence of fungi Fusarium sp. and Alternaria alternata.Keywords:
spices; caraway; Carum carvi; coriander; Coriandrum sativum; fennel; Foeniculum vulgare, anise; Pimpinella anisum; fungi; fungicides