Tan spot development peculiarities in Latvia

https://doi.org/10.17221/10497-PPSCitation:Bankina B. (2002): Tan spot development peculiarities in Latvia. Plant Protect. Sci., 38: 381-383.
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Tan spot, caused by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (Died.) Drechs., anamorph Drechslera tritici-repentis is one of the most important wheat diseases in the world, especially in the regions of intensive wheat growing. Tan spot had established for the first time in Latvia in 1994. Epidemic of this disease was observed in Latvia in 1998. Development of tan spot were investigated in field experiments at the Research and Training Farm “Peterlauki” of Latvia University of Agriculture in 1998–2001. Level of incidence and severity of tan spot differed depending on varieties and years. Severity of the disease was 16–71% in 1999; 0.1–5% in 2000 and 4–18% in 2001 depending on varieties at the time of ripening. 1999 summer was extremely dry, and development of disease was not observed. Explosion of disease was observed at the second half of June in 2000 and 2001, without reference to varieties. Date of increasing start differed, but in all cases important development was observed after flowering. Rate of increasing of disease was very high, during two weeks severity of disease increased from 0.1 till maximum of severity. Amount and frequency of rainy differed in 2000 and 2001, but increase on disease was very similar, it means, we need more information about favourable conditions for Drechslera tritici-repentis. Sexual stage Pyrenophora tritici-repentis was observed in Latvia for the first time. Further investigations are necessary, because relationships between meteorological conditions and stages of development are unclear.
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